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Video: Classification Of Roses
Any kind of clue
"A million, a million, a million scarlet roses …" was presented to his beloved by the modest Georgian artist Pirosmani. Equally abundant in the queen of flowers is the number of varieties - if not a million, then, in any case, tens of thousands. Well, and try to figure out all this variety!
And experts are trying, for which they create various classifications - they divide varieties into garden groups. The division is based on the origin of varieties, as well as their decorative and biological characteristics. This makes it possible to judge the merits of this or that variety, the options for its use, the characteristics of agricultural technology.
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There are many classifications, which is associated with the difference in the tasks faced in their compilation, and hence - what feature is taken as the basis for their compilation. But experts believe that it is necessary to focus primarily on the official international classification.
Rose variety Ave Maria
According to this classification, the whole variety of roses is divided, first of all, into three sections - wild, old and modern garden roses with subdivision into groups:
I. Wild, or species roses (Wild Roses, or Species). They are divided into climbing and non-climbing, after which the species themselves follow.
II. Old garden roses (Old Garden Roses). These are the groups: Alba, Ayrshire, Bourbon, Bursolt, Centifol, Damascus, Chinese (Bengal), Gaulish, Remontant, Sempervirens, Moss, Noiset, Tea - Tea and some others. All of them were cultivated until the first variety of La France hybrid tea rose was bred in 1867. We see them in old paintings, and this is what Ivan Turgenev once said about them: “How good, how fresh the roses were…”. And, by the way, they continue to be very popular now, and there is hardly a true connoisseur of roses who would not dream (if not already), for example, of such a masterpiece as the incorruptible Rose Mundi, who has reigned in the flower garden for more than five hundred years, from the Gallic group.
III. Modern garden roses (Modern Garden Roses). This includes all groups that appeared after the La France variety was developed - a hybrid between remontant (Madame Victor Verdier) and tea (Madame Bravy) varieties, which opened a fundamentally new group of hybrid tea roses. The success of these varieties was truly deafening, and they soon pushed all the varieties that existed before them.
Hybrid Tea Roses (Hybrid Tea). As hybrids between remontant, that is, re-blooming and unsurpassed in color, tea roses, varieties of this group combine the highest quality of the flower - shape, size, doubleness, smell, variety of colors (there are even green ones), with truly continuous flowering. They are considered truly the queens of roses, and it is the varieties of this group (and there are thousands of them!) That occupy the most honorable place in our flower beds.
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Gloria Day rose variety
Polyantha roses. Bred at the end of the nineteenth century from crossing a multi-flowered rose with a Chinese one. These are low-growing, highly branching shrubs. The flowers are small, sometimes fragrant, from non-double to strongly double, pink and red, less often white. Their flowering is very abundant and continues until late autumn. These roses are more winter-hardy than hybrid tea, they are resistant to fungal diseases. Usually used in potting culture in indoor interiors.
Floribunda roses (Floribunda). Hybrids of polyanthus and hybrid tea varieties. They are characterized by a variety of colors, the brightness of which sometimes surpasses even hybrid tea varieties. Their flowers are smaller than those of hybrid tea, but on the other hand, each shoot ends with not one flower, but a whole bouquet, and their flowering is more abundant and longer. Stand out for winter hardiness and disease resistance. They are very diverse in height: from low, such as curb varieties (40 cm) to high (1 m). In landscaping they have the first place.
Miniature roses (Miniature). They were brought to Europe from China in 1810. The flowers are small, single and in inflorescences, varied in color, often fragrant, of a very beautiful constitution. Bloom profusely, almost continuously. Bushes are low (15–20 cm). Good for potting, but many varieties can grow in the garden too.
Roses Shrub (Shrub, abbr. S), or Modern Shrub (Modern Shrub, Roses). The name of this group is rather unfortunate. Shrub in translation from English is a shrub, and all roses are shrub plants. In the Russian version, these roses were called semi-climbing, but this is also conditional, since the group included not only semi-climbing, but also erect forms. To avoid confusion, this group began to be called Modern Shrub, which indicates at least the modern origin of the varieties included in it. Well, now the Modern Shrub group has become a haven for all new varieties, which, in their qualities, cannot be attributed to other groups.
Rose variety Parade
Group Mini Flora, or Patio (Mini Flora, or Patio). This group was officially recognized relatively recently. Dense, compact, low-growing bushes 45–55 cm high occupy an intermediate position between miniature and Floribunda roses. Bloom profusely and almost continuously. Used for curbs and potting.
The fashion for placing pots of roses in paved patios is what gave the group its name. At the same time, it immortalizes the name of its founder - Irish breeder Pat Dixon.
Climbing roses. Roses are called climbing roses that form long, whip-like shoots. There are no real climbing vines among them. But there are many types and forms that, clinging to the supports with their thorns, rise upward.
Climbing roses are found in each of the three sections. There are especially many of them in the section "Wild or species roses". In almost every group, they are also found in the section "Old Roses", and among them there are whole groups of initially climbing ones: Noiset, Ayrshire, Bursolt, Sempervirens hybrids, Setiger hybrids.
Rose variety Parkovaya
In the section "Modern garden roses", the climbing varieties themselves are combined into three independent groups:
1. Rambler (Rambler, R). Small-flowered hybrids with long (3–6 m), thin, creeping or drooping shoots. Flowering is one-time, within a month and so abundant that in some years no leaves are visible behind the flowers.
2. Climbing large-flowered (Largeflowered Climber, LCL). Repeated flowering, with large, very fragrant flowers in some varieties. Shoots are thick, tough, up to 2–3 m long.
3. Hybrids Cordes (Hybrid Kordesii, HKor). Obtained from crossing a hybrid of a wrinkled rose and a vichura rose with varieties from other groups. These are very hardy and hardy roses. Named after their creator, breeder V. Cordes. Shoots are strong, whip-like, up to 2 m long with shiny leaves. The flowers are large, from simple to densely double. Flowering is abundant and long. These varieties are often referred to as the Rambler group.
A special place in the classification of so-called occupied klaymingi (Climbing) - climbing roses, representing the bud mutations (sports) shrub forms. They are found in almost every group of originally climbing roses, and in order to somehow distinguish them, the name of the corresponding group is added to their designation, for example, Climbing Floribunda (Cl. F.) or Climbing Polyantha (Cl. Pol.).
So, dear readers, the study of the proposed classification, of course, will require some effort, but if you deeply penetrate into its essence, you will become the happy owner of a clue of any kind.