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The Use Of Chicory
The Use Of Chicory

Video: The Use Of Chicory

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Chicory - Wild Edibles Series 2023, February
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Read part 1. ← Features of agricultural technology and types of chicory

Forcing the witloof

Chicory
Chicory

1. Spend from November to April, duration: 20-30 days.

2. A container (box, flower pot) with a drainage hole, 35-45 cm high.

3. Put a layer of soil substrate (peat, sand) 10 cm into the container, put roots of equal length 15-25 cm tightly to each other (cut from below), the growth points should be at the same level; cover with soil, water abundantly. Place in a dark place (cover with a container or opaque material) at a temperature of 15 … 18 ° C.

4. Harvesting of heads of cabbage 15-20 cm long.

Gardener's guide

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Whitening chicory rosettes

Carry out 15-20 days before harvest.

In dry weather, raise the leaves of the rosette to the top and carefully tie it; you can cover the plant with an inverted flower pot (ventilation is required) or with an opaque, breathable material. Water very carefully.

Pests, chicory diseases

Since chemical treatment is practically impossible in case of damage, prevention should be carried out: plant varieties that are resistant to diseases and pests; do not plant plants tightly; observe crop rotation; take into account the combination of crops; remove affected plants in time; water sparingly (in the initial period - by sprinkling, then - between the rows), the root collar and leaves should be dry.

Diseases: gray rot, downy mildew, rust, black leg, viral diseases.

Pests: root mite, leaf aphids, wireworms, scoops, slugs.

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The use of chicory

Chicory
Chicory

Chicory roots can be used for making drinks (substitute, substitute for coffee), for obtaining high-quality alcohols, used in folk medicine and in cooking. Chicory leaves have medicinal and nutritional value.

Almost all parts of the plant are used for medicinal purposes: roots, leaves, stems, flowers. Chicory leaves contain vitamins A, C and K, vitamins of group B (B 1, B 2, folic acid - B 9), PP (nicotinic acid), carbohydrates (inulin), proteins, tannins, fiber, fructooligosaccharides (prebiotics), beta carotene; trace elements (potassium, calcium, iron, sulfur, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, manganese, zinc, sodium, selenium); intibin (gives a bitter taste).

In addition to the above substances, the leaves of chicory radicchio contain anthocyanins.

In roots of chicory contains microelements intibin, proteins, pectin, gums, oils, vitamins A, C, B 2, E, PP, tsikorin, choline, tannins, organic acids and carbohydrates, the most important of which has the value of inulin.

Preparations from chicory have a wide range of therapeutic effects and are used as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, choleretic, antimicrobial, astringent, stimulating appetite, improving digestion, hepatoprotective, regulating metabolism, normalizing blood composition, wound healing, soothing (sedative), tonic.

Currently, in some countries (for example, in New Zealand), studies are underway on the anthelmintic properties of chicory.

Chicory
Chicory

A drink made from chicory roots has healing properties, facilitates the work of the heart, improves digestion, regulates metabolism, soothes the nervous system (relieves insomnia and fatigue), and invigorates. This drink can be recommended to people for whom coffee is contraindicated, as an excellent substitute. The characteristic color and specific aroma, reminiscent of coffee, gives the drink chicoreol, which is formed during roasting of chicory roots during the caramelization of inulin and fructose.

In stores, you can buy ready-made instant drinks from chicory roots in powder or syrup form with various additives (coffee, barley, rye, oats, spices, honey, fruits and berries) or without them.

To prepare the drink, you need to prepare the roots in the fall (in September - November), when the aboveground parts of the plant have turned yellow and wilted. Dig up the roots with a garden pitchfork, clean it well from the ground, rinse thoroughly in cold running water, clean it from rotten stems, small roots, chop (cut lengthwise or in thin circles). Then dry the roots in the oven until brown (well-dried roots break easily and crumble), grind in a coffee grinder. As a result, you should get a brown or gray-brown powder, which can be brewed like natural coffee. To prepare a drink, you need to put 1-2 teaspoons of chicory in a cup, pour hot water, add sugar, milk or cream to taste.

Diseases for which common chicory is used

Indications for use Dosage form
Diseases of the digestive system: loss of appetite, dyspepsia, colitis, cholelithiasis, hepatitis and cirrhosis, scurvy Decoction (infusion) of roots, infusion of flowers
Diseases of the excretory system (kidneys): nephritis, cystitis Decoction (and tincture) of roots, infusion of flowers
Diseases of the cardiovascular system (improve cardiac activity): hypertension, tachycardia, edema Infusion of flowers, decoctions and infusions of roots
Diseases of the central nervous system: fatigue, insomnia, hysteria, increased nervous irritability Decoction (and infusion) of root and leaves, infusion of flowers
Diseases of the blood system: anemia (anemia), spleen diseases Fresh juice, decoction of roots and leaves
Metabolic disorders: vitamin deficiency, gout Root drink, flower infusion
Skin diseases: rash, acne, boils, purulent and chronic wounds, ulcers, abscesses, eczema, diathesis, calluses Outwardly in the form of lotions, steep broth, tincture of roots
General tonic, invigorating, tonic Root drink

Dishes with chicory

Chicory
Chicory

Dishes with chicory play an important role in various national cuisines: Belgian, Dutch, Spanish, Italian, Greek, etc.

Unfortunately, it is very rare to find salad chicory in our grocery stores. Regular consumption of dishes made from its leaves and roots increases appetite, stimulates the digestion process, enhances heart activity, improves blood composition, and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system.

Chicory can be used in the preparation of various dishes, it all depends on imagination and taste preferences. Chicory roots and leaves can be eaten boiled, stewed, fried, baked, stuffed, added to soups, seasonings, vitamin green salads and vinaigrette.

Chicory can be an excellent side dish for fish and meat dishes: boiled in boiling salted water (15 minutes); stewed in milk (sour cream) sauce; fried with onions or garlic.

Various foods are added to dishes with chicory roots and leaves: cheese, eggs, ham (minced meat, pate), parsley, celery, walnuts and hazelnuts, green peas or beans, beets, carrots, avocados, cucumbers (salted or fresh), spices (thyme, sage), as well as berries and fruits (citrus fruits, pineapples, peaches, figs, apples, pears, and grapes), which help neutralize bitterness.

Dishes with chicory can be dressed with mayonnaise, sour cream, béchamel sauce, mustard, vinegar; fruit salads (popular in France, Belgium) - yogurt.

To remove excess bitterness, you can put chicory leaves in cold salted water for 30-40 minutes, or dipped in boiling water for 1-2 minutes.

Veterinary

Chicory is a valuable forage crop for domestic animals and birds. In industrial food for cats and dogs, chicory extract is added as a source of fructooligosaccharides (prebiotics). Chicory is also included in feed mixtures for ornamental rodents.

Chicory is an unpretentious plant, cold-resistant, drought-resistant with a high content of vitamins, trace elements and other biologically active substances. I really hope that in the near future it will receive due recognition and wide distribution in Russia.

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