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Video: Drought Tolerant Fruit Trees And Shrubs
Read the previous part. ← Drought-resistant ornamental trees and shrubs
Which fruit plants tolerate a lack of moisture
And now I will give a description of cultivated fruit plants, which are also highly drought-resistant:
Barberry. A thorny shrub with not only decorative, but also edible fruits, fragrant flowers, collected in brushes or shields. Blooms in May. There are a large number of species, forms and varieties of barberry.
They tolerate urban conditions well, are easy to form, undemanding to soil conditions, but do not tolerate stagnant moisture. Barberries are drought-resistant, frost-resistant. They prefer sunny or slightly shaded areas. Barberries are used in tapeworms, group plantings, as hedges, in rockeries.
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Hawthorn. Tall shrub with a dense, rounded crown, with more or less thorny, purple-red shoots. Hawthorns are decorative throughout the growing season due to their graceful leaves and numerous white or pink flowers and bright, rather large, edible fruits.
They are resistant to adverse city conditions, undemanding to soil. They tolerate shading, but bloom and bear fruit weaker. Most of its species are winter-hardy, drought-resistant. They have a high shoot-forming ability, they perfectly tolerate cutting and shaping.
Hawthorns are used in tapeworms, group plantings, and when creating tall hedges.
Cherry. Deciduous, fast-growing trees or shrubs with oblong-ovoid leaves and white, sometimes pink, fragrant flowers, gathered in umbrella-shaped inflorescences. Fruits - drupes - juicy, mostly edible. Cherries are light-requiring, frost-hardy, drought-resistant, and tolerate urban conditions well. Soils prefer neutral, light and medium loam. They grow better on elevated relief elements with good air and soil drainage.
Cherries are used in tapeworms, group plantings, orchards, and the creation of alleys.
Honeysuckle. Evergreen and deciduous shrubs of various shapes. In the middle lane, predominantly deciduous forms grow with delicate flowers and spectacular, very tasty and healthy fruits. Honeysuckle is unpretentious, winter-hardy, light-requiring, not demanding on soil. These plants are used in tapeworms, group plantings, when creating high hedges, as well as in rock gardens.
Irga. Small deciduous trees or large shrubs with simple, dark gray-green petioled leaves and numerous white flowers; fruits are bluish black. Irgi plants are drought-resistant.
They are characterized by early maturity, rapid growth, winter hardiness, annual fruiting. They are gas- and smoke-resistant, have little soil demand, and are light-requiring. Irga is used in tapeworms, group plantings, when creating hedges.
Gooseberry. Berry bushes popular in Russian gardens with thorny branches, beautifully shaped leaves and oval fruits of various shapes and colors. There are many varieties, some without thorns. Gooseberry plants prefer rich, loamy soils, sunny locations, protection from northerly and easterly winds. Gooseberries do not tolerate stagnant water. Needs cutting of shoots older than 5-6 years.
Gooseberries are used in tapeworms, group plantings, in hedges and when creating trimmed borders.
Raspberries. Very fragrant, sweet berries of scarlet, raspberry, peach and yellow color give special value to this genus of shrubs. Flexible young shoots grow up to 3 m in height per season; leaves are light green, strongly pubescent on the back. The flowers are large, white. Raspberries bear fruit well when planted on fertile, loose soils, in sunny places and when grown on trellises. Raspberry plants need annual cutting of the fruit-bearing shoots, removal of root shoots.
Raspberries are used in hedges, in group plantings, for planting near water bodies.
Almond. These are deciduous shrubs, sometimes small trees, covered in spring with an abundance of beautiful, large, single pink or white flowers. Almond plants are not very demanding on the soil, they are salt- and drought-resistant, respond well to soil liming, are light-requiring, and easily tolerate urban conditions. They grow quickly, bloom in the 3-5th year. The use of almonds: tapeworms, group plantings, rockeries, against the background of lawns and conifers, for fixing slopes, in a standard culture.
Sea buckthorn. Fruit shrubs or trees with beautiful silvery leaves and fruits of various colors and sizes. Its plants grow well on poor soils, they are light-requiring, frost-resistant, drought-resistant. Sea buckthorn roots are superficial, so the ground around the plantings should be loosened carefully. Sea buckthorn is used in group plantings, in hedges.
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Currant. Shrubs with beautifully shaped leaves and racemose inflorescences of numerous small flowers. These plants have become an indispensable attribute of Russian gardens. They are large yields of delicious white, pink, red and black fruits, depending on the species and variety.
Varietal berry currants are often combined, regardless of the color of the berries, into one name - garden currant. In addition, there are purely decorative species, which, although they have berries, are too sour and small. Currants need rich and well-drained soil. They are shade-tolerant, but give a good harvest in sunny, well-sheltered places. Currants are used in tapeworms, in group plantings, in hedges, in curbs.
Bird cherry. These are deciduous trees with alternate, large leaves; it is distinguished by abundant, fragrant flowers in the brushes, its fruits are black drupes. Most bird cherry species are frost-hardy, drought-resistant, light-requiring, but they can grow in partial shade. They prefer fertile, moist soils.
The use of bird cherry: high hedges, single and group plantings, landscape design by the water. So, we have read a brief description of plants with a high degree of drought tolerance. Thus, we have the basis for the garden ready, and now we know what to choose. Now we should talk about the technology of cultivation of these plants in conditions of insufficient moisture and methods of maintaining moisture.
Read the next part. Growing trees and shrubs in dry conditions →