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Video: Gardening In Autumn
Preparing the garden for wintering
After the end of the harvest in the garden, the main task of gardeners is to help the trees overwinter without freezing the bark and buds, without damaging the boles by mice and hares.
To do this, in autumn and winter, measures should be taken to increase the winter hardiness of plantings, to reduce the number of wintering pests and to destroy various infections, in particular, to collect damaged, decayed and rotten fruits, on which pathogens of fruit rot and other diseases can persist.
For example, picking up dried fruits and plum pits will reduce the number of plum stump, damage from which in subsequent years can lead to the complete death of the crop. The remains of fruits and seeds are buried in the ground to a depth of 40-50 cm.The soil in the tree-trunk circles should be dug to a depth of 10-12 cm.
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For better wintering of trees, their amicable awakening and development in spring, preserving the ovary from the first shedding, increasing resistance to pests and diseases is very useful in autumn and during thaws in winter, before digging around the stem, apply fertilizers at the rate of 50-100 g of phosphorus, 20- 40 g of potash and 5-10 kg of humus per 1 m².
In autumn and winter, during thaws, you can collect fallen leaves, weed residues and compost them. This makes it possible to eliminate completely or significantly reduce the stock of scab infection, other diseases of the apple and pear, to destroy the pupae of pests. All mummified fruits are removed from the trees, dried glomeruli of leaves with hibernating pests and all this is burned.
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Many pests hibernate under the old bark, in the cracks of the trunk and skeletal branches, so it is necessary to carefully clean them with scrapers or a blunt knife. Then you also need to collect all the resulting garbage and burn it. After that, the trunks and forks of the skeletal branches must be whitewashed with water-based paint (VS-511, VD-K4-577, EVA-27A) or lime (2 kg per 10 liters of water). This whitewash protects trees from sunburn.
During the whitewashing of boles and skeletal branches of cherries, sweet cherries, plums, it is advisable to add copper sulfate (3%) to the lime, which will protect trees from damage by clasterosporium, cystosporosis, and other diseases.