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Video: Cultivation And Reproduction Of The Asian Swimsuit
Trollius asiaticus is a beautiful ornamental plant
Probably, many people know the European swimsuit, or kupava, as it is called in Russia. It is a perennial herb with large bright yellow flowers. They bloom on Ivan Kupala (old style - June 23).
On this ancient Slavic holiday, girls wove wreaths from them, danced around the fire. The Russian name of the flower goes back to it. The botanical name for the swimsuits is trollius.
There is no consensus among scientists about the origin of this name. Some believe that this plant, widespread throughout Europe and also found in the mountains of the Alps, was considered the talisman of mountain spirits - trolls. According to other sources - it comes from the ancient Germanic word "troll" - a ball.
In fact, the double flowers of swimsuits, consisting of 20 or more petals, have the shape of a ball. In addition to the European one, many other types of swimsuits are known: the Asian one lives in Western and Eastern Siberia, the Dzungarian one - in the Alatau, Pamir and Tien Shan mountains, the Yunnan one - in China, Ledebour - in the Far East, etc. But only Ledebour's and the Asian one have flowers are bright orange in color.
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When you look at the clearing, the emerald green of which is dotted with the bright flowers of the Asian swimsuit, you get the impression that it is all shining with many lights. Siberians call them lovingly - "lights" in Western Siberia, or "hot" - in Eastern Siberia. They bloom early in Siberia, immediately after primroses from mid-May to mid-June. One bush has up to 50 peduncles.
They are straight, without branching, high (up to 60 cm). This makes them look good in bouquets. Just keep in mind that after cutting, the stems must be immediately immersed in water, otherwise the flowers will quickly fade. But swimsuits look better in the garden. By the way, the bushes of "lights", after they "burn out", remain decorative until autumn due to the beautiful ornamental foliage.
It is not difficult to grow a swimsuit. It should only be borne in mind that it is hygrophilous. Its root system is superficial and does not tolerate drying out of the soil. Apparently, therefore, in nature, it grows either in partial shade of trees, or in wet meadows near streams, but always on fertile, loose, moisture-consuming soils. Growing a swimsuit in my garden, I solve this problem simply. The soil on my site is loamy. I dig a hole with a diameter of 30 cm and half a shovel deep, fill it with a mixture of garden soil and compost (1: 1), add a glass of wood ash, a tablespoon of superphosphate and carefully dig it over the bayonet of the shovel.
When transplanting plants (in July - August), I spread the roots to the sides and make sure that the bud is not covered with earth. I plant in any place - open to the sun or in the shade of trees, but be sure to mulch the soil with foliage or fir needles with a layer no thicker than 5 cm. This allows you to retain moisture in the soil and eliminates frequent watering. If I do water, then not abundantly, so that the soil is moistened only in the layer of roots - three liters per bush.
A swimsuit can be grown in one place without transplanting for 5-7 years. Then the bush should be divided and planted, otherwise the flowers become smaller and there are fewer of them. The plant is very responsive to fertilizing - nitrogen - in early spring, superphosphate and potassium salt - after flowering, when flower buds are laid. The bather perfectly tolerates the harsh Siberian winters under a thick layer of snow and does not need special shelters.
You can propagate the swimsuit and seeds. They are black, shiny, rather large. You can sow them in the fall of the harvest year or next spring. In the latter case, they must be stratified. The seeds should be mixed with a moistened substrate (sawdust, sand, peat, etc.), wrapped in a canvas cloth, polyethylene and placed under a refrigerator freezer or under snow, where the temperature is about 0 ° C. Once a week, the bag must be ventilated, make sure that no mold appears on the substrate, mix and moisturize as needed.
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After 2-3 months, the seeds can be sown. It is better to do this in early spring. Close them up to a depth of 1 cm. Place it in the shade. Seedlings appear in three weeks. All this time, the soil should not be allowed to dry out.
I achieve this in the following way: I cover the crops with damp burlap and lightly sprinkle it with straw so that the burlap does not dry out quickly. Once a week I take off the burlap for ventilation and control of soil moisture. With such care, seedlings are friendly and healthy. By autumn, seedlings can be planted in a permanent place. The swimsuit blooms from the second year.
The Asian bather is not only a beautiful plant, but also useful. It has medicinal properties. In his book "Herbs of Life and Their Seekers" Professor G. V. Krylov writes: "In folk medicine, the water infusion of the Asian swimsuit is used for jaundice, as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antiscorbutic agent.
Water infusion of roots is drunk for dropsy, epilepsy and scabies. " Here is such a wonderful plant in all respects - the Asian swimsuit.