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Video: Hydrangea - Planting And Care
Hydrangea for single and group plantings in the garden
This gorgeous delicate beauty with luxurious huge flowering caps of various colors - from pink to blue - can not be found in every area.
But, having seen it once, you will definitely want to have it in your garden or under the balcony, since the splendor of the hydrangea leaves few people indifferent.
Hydrangea is a deciduous, large-leaved shrub that reaches a height of 1.5 meters and is distinguished by a spreading crown shape. Flowers of various colors are collected in corymbose wide pyramidal or hemispherical and spherical inflorescences, reaching 15 centimeters in diameter.
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An interesting feature of a number of hydrangea varieties is to change the color of the inflorescences, for example, from blue to pink; there are varieties that bloom with white inflorescences, which turn pink at the end of flowering. Basically, the color of varieties with blue inflorescences depends on the soil on which they grow. For example, on acidic soil, the inflorescences will be blue-blue, and if the same hydrangea is planted on soil with a slightly alkaline reaction, then the inflorescences will become pink in color.
You can do this experiment yourself: if you want to paint the bush blue, add a forest soil mixture of coniferous needles and peat to it in the fall, as well as a little potassium sulfate and potassium chloride. On the contrary, if you want the bush to acquire a pink color of inflorescences, add one glass of fluff lime or dolomite flour and two glasses of wood ash to one bucket of manure humus. Mix everything thoroughly and add to the bush in the fall.
Blooming pink inflorescences on acidic soil is easily explained by the presence of aluminum in it. And if the gardener needs his hydrangeas to bloom with blue inflorescences, you can add it during the spring-summer period, or you can also add acidic ready-made substrates when planting in the planting hole - soil, which is also good for rhododendrons and azaleas.
It is also necessary to specially select fertilizers for blue inflorescences: one tablespoon of potassium sulfate and ammonium sulfate are diluted into ten liters of water. It is necessary to water the bush with this solution before budding and during the blooming of several flowers on the inflorescence.
For pink inflorescences, one liter of liquid manure is diluted for ten liters of water, one tablespoon of Agricola-7 and organic fertilizer "Flower" are added, during feeding, in addition to the solution around the bush, one glass of wood ash must be scattered. As for the timing, feeding should be given at the same time as for blue inflorescences.
White and red hydrangeas also change color during the growing season, but they also need to be grown in acidic soils.
Preparing the soil and planting hydrangeas
You should start by assessing the soil, if it is heavy clayey or heavy loamy, you need to dig it well and add organic fertilizers.
In terms of one square meter, this is a bucket of peat, forest litter of some kind of coniferous species, humus, river sand, and also add a tablespoon of potassium sulfate and superphosphate.
After that, a rake is used, with which it is necessary to embed fertilizers into the soil to a depth of 13 centimeters and leave them there before planting. Plants are planted in recesses - 25-30 centimeters. In this case, they do so that the root collar is at the level of the soil.
I advise flower growers to buy hydrangeas in pots or in containers, in this case, the transplant practically does not affect their survival rate. Immediately after planting, the soil around the bush is mulched with peat or sawdust, in a small layer (4-5 centimeters), this is done so that the soil well shed before planting does not evaporate water. During the summer period, the soil around the plants is weeded, loosened, fed, treated against pests and diseases, but more on that …
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Hydrangeas are grown as perennial plants mainly in the south of Russia. Those gardeners who grow roses in their area can easily cope with them - hydrangeas require almost the same care, they need exactly the same shelter technology for the winter.
As for the choice of a place, you don't have to think too much here - hydrangeas feel great both in the sun and in the shade, of course, provided there is good watering (meaning "hot" places). Watered twice a week - at least 50 liters per bush. Such a volume of water is necessary because this plant has huge leaves and inflorescences, which, naturally, evaporate a huge amount of water, and if there is no water, they simply wither.
When watering, it is necessary to ensure that all the water is absorbed, the formation of puddles is unacceptable, but if they nevertheless form, make a couple of punctures to a depth of 10-15 centimeters. It is better to water with warm, settled water, and best of all - rainwater. Remember that the duration of flowering depends on the number of waterings. So think for yourself - if you want to save on water - plant a hydrangea in partial shade.
It is advisable, when choosing a place for a hydrangea in the garden, to take into account its fear of winds, and therefore choose a place for planting that is protected from the winds. Best suited areas are near a high fence, in front of thickened bushes or near the wall of the house.
They should be specially mentioned, because there is a special technology for feeding hydrangeas. They are carried out 3-4 times during the summer-autumn period:
The first feeding is carried out during the growth of the vegetative mass: one tablespoon of urea and potassium sulfate is diluted in ten liters of water. The solution consumption is five liters per bush.
The second feeding is carried out when buds appear: in ten liters of water, dilute one tablespoon of nitrophoska and Agricola for flowering plants.
The third feeding is carried out when up to five flowers open on the inflorescence: in ten liters of water, dilute one tablespoon of organic fertilizer "Flower" and granular fertilizer "Agricola Rose". Spend five liters per bush.
The fourth top dressing is carried out at the end of flowering: in ten liters of water, one tablespoon of potassium sulfate and superphosphate are diluted, the consumption of such a solution per bush is 6-7 liters.
Usually foliar dressing is carried out before budding and during the blooming of several flowers in the inflorescence, it is advisable to spray the plants with the "Bud" preparation, its consumption is a liter per eight square kilometers.
A few words about seasonal care - before wintering, hydrangeas are not pruned, but if they nevertheless decide to do this, then only weak shoots are removed, the old ones are cut, leaving about 50 centimeters, and, of course, all faded inflorescences are removed. Hydrangeas are insulated, as already mentioned, at the same time and using the same method as roses, they are covered with peat or humus and the bush is wrapped in several layers with covering material on top.
In spring, hydrangeas leave the strongest shoots in the bush, there are usually 6-10 of these. Cut the bush so that the cut shoots have 5-7 buds.
Pests and diseases
Of the pests of hydrangea, aphids should be noted. Measures to combat it consist in the treatment with Iskra, usually a liter of solution is enough for 10 square meters of plantings.
Of the diseases, powdery mildew should be noted, the drug "Topaz" or the more famous "Skor" has proven itself well against it, the consumption is the same - about a liter of solution is enough for 10 square meters.
The author of this article had a chance to see with my own eyes only three varieties of a wide variety of those in hydrangea. It:
Skye Dwarf is a small shrub, about 60-75 centimeters high, it charmed me with its blue inflorescences. It winters wonderfully when sheltered.
The next no less interesting variety is Pink Diamond. It is often a shrub, but sometimes it is formed as a tree. It blooms from July to September with pink, very delicate flowers. This variety requires shelter.
Tardiva is the third variety that caught my imagination. It is a shrub or tree (how to shape it) with a rounded crown. I saw it already in October, and there were still individual inflorescences on it. The flowers are not very bright - white, but the diameter of the paniculate inflorescences in which they are collected is striking - up to 15 centimeters! The variety is quite frost-hardy, but still requires shelter.
A little about reproduction - a favorite hydrangea is usually propagated by green cuttings, dividing a bush, layering or offspring.
Hydrangea is simply charming when it grows singly or in groups, it looks great next to the emerald green of conifers. Against the background of the lawn, white, pink, blue inflorescences look very romantic!
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