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Video: Useful Properties Of Raspberries
Why is the raspberry berry popular among Russians valuable?
Raspberries are one of the most popular crops in berry growing. In Russia, it grows almost everywhere where a person is engaged in agriculture. In natural conditions, she follows him literally on his heels. Pay attention at least to the roadsides: you will definitely find bushes of wild raspberries there.
In cultivation, raspberries are widespread in summer cottages and household plots: Russians grow them on a total area of more than 20 thousand hectares. Amateur gardeners provide raspberries with convenient corners in their gardens.
Market prices for raspberries are traditionally and steadily kept at a high level, therefore, growing an unpretentious plant in a garden and personal plot, as well as in commercial farms, is profitable in any case.
The popularity of this culture is explained by its high plasticity - the ability to grow in various natural and climatic zones, and often in those where many other berry plants freeze out, vytuyut, are damaged by late spring frosts, suffer from a lack of moisture on hot summer days. The unpretentiousness of the plant allows you to plant and grow it at the very beginning of the development of the garden plot.
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Raspberries are distinguished by their early maturity (the first harvest can be obtained even on seedlings), annual fruiting, late flowering, as a result of which plants are rarely damaged by recurrent spring frosts.
This culture has a long flowering and fruiting period, which is determined by a set of varieties with a large amplitude of ripening dates: from the super-early variety Meteor, which begins to ripen in late June - early July (Central regions of Russia), to the date of a steady decrease in air temperature to -4 ° С in mid-October (remontant varieties such as Indian Summer).
In the historically established places of commercial cultivation of raspberries on personal plots, plant productivity can reach up to 5 kg per bush. The use of new modern varieties makes it possible to bring the average yield of raspberries to 2.5-3 kg per bush, and even gardeners in Siberia and the Urals, where the conditions for growing berries are not very simple, often collect several buckets of berries from their site. Raspberry bushes give a harvest for 10 years, and with appropriate care and absence of infection on the site - 15 years.
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The berries of this culture are distinguished by a wonderful taste and aroma and are rich in chemical composition. They contain organic acids, sugars, aromatic and mineral substances, vitamins C, P, K1, B1, B2, B9, D, E, P, PP. In 100 g of raspberries, 0.8-1.2 g of proteins, 0.9-1.4 g of organic acids, 3-8 g of sugars, 3-5 g of fiber, 0.6-3 mg of iron, 0.3 -1 mg copper, up to 27.3 mg calcium, 45 mg phosphorus, 127 mg potassium, 3.9 mg sodium, 24 mg magnesium, 3 mg zinc, 15 mg manganese.
Its berries contain an average amount of vitamin C (30-75 mg per 100 g of berries). It depends on weather conditions and harvest time. The content of other vitamins in raspberries is insignificant: carotene - 0.1-0.6; B1 - 0.01-0.09; B2 - 0.05-0.09; E - 0.4-1.4; PP - 0.6-0.8; K - 0.4-0.6 mg per 100 g of berries.
Raspberries contain 2-3 mg per 100 g of iron. By its high iron content, it stands out among other berry crops and is not inferior to grapes. Raspberries are characterized by intensive accumulation of another trace element - copper (1 mg per 100 g of berries). It is thanks to the combination of hematogenous trace elements (iron, copper and folic acid) that raspberries are useful for anemia.
The substances contained in its berries are easily absorbed by the body, promote the assimilation of products, neutralize organic acids of animal origin, improve metabolism, and perform a preventive role.
The harmonious combination of sugars, organic acids, vitamins and hematogenous compounds makes raspberries a dietary product, useful for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. They have long been used as a mild diaphoretic and antipyretic agent (especially useful for beginning colds, flu, sore throat), since they contain volatile antibiotics that have an antiseptic effect, as well as salicylic acid.
An infusion of leaves and stems is used for diseases of the throat, infusion of flowers - for hemorrhoids, ointment from fresh leaves - for acne and rashes, decoction of flowers - for washing with acne, erysipelas and conjunctivitis.
In addition to fresh consumption, a significant part of the crop is processed into juices, preserves, compotes, jellies, marshmallows, drinks, etc.
Recently, the method of preserving berries by freezing has been widely used. Raspberry extracts are used in the production of ice cream, confectionery, perfumery and cosmetology.
Raspberries are a good honey plant due to the extended flowering period and the abundance of nectar, which allows you to get 60-116 kg of honey from 1 hectare.
Compared to other fruit and berry crops, raspberries have a number of advantages: easy care, speed and ease of reproduction, quick and annual yield, late flowering, which helps to preserve flowers from damage by recurrent spring frosts, as mentioned above, etc.
Due to the availability of high-yielding varieties obtained in recent years and reliably ensuring profitability of production, raspberries have firmly become one of the economically profitable crops.
In recent years, remontant varieties of raspberries have appeared, the fruiting of which continues until the very frost. And now in late autumn, when the rains of many days have already extinguished the multicolor of the fallen leaves, and it seems that not a single living spark is left in the empty garden, like hello from sultry July, a gift from Indian summer - in the far corner of the garden on the tops of the shoots under the umbrella leaves, like hot coals, magic berries flicker, ripening.
Raspberries are a kind of philosophy. They say that raspberry juice diluted with well water can be drunk, dreaming of the most sublime.
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