Table of contents:

Calendar Of The Main Work With Strawberries. Strawberry Varieties
Calendar Of The Main Work With Strawberries. Strawberry Varieties

Video: Calendar Of The Main Work With Strawberries. Strawberry Varieties

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: # GIS # Plant and Grow Strawberry from Fruit | Fresh Seed | How to Plant Strawberry 2023, February
Anonim

Strawberry nuances

Calendar of the main works on the strawberry plot

In the spring, when the ground thaws and dries up(end of April - first half of May):

Strawberry
Strawberry
  • Cleaning plants from old leaves - first with a broom or a soft fan rake, then the dry leaves are cut with a pruning shears.
  • Disinfection of plants by watering them from a watering can over the leaves with a 0.1% solution of copper sulfate (10 g per 10 l) of water with the addition of 30 g of laundry soap or a solution of pink solution of potassium permanganate, 10 drops of iodine and 1 teaspoon of boric acid (10 l solution).
  • Loosening of the soil around each plant, with a dusting of the exposed roots.
  • Feeding and disinfection of plants by watering them from a watering can with a warm solution (65 ° C) of potassium permanganate and boric acid.
  • Preventive treatment of plants from gray rot with iodine solution (10 drops per 10 liters of water).
  • Feeding plants with complex fertilizers (Effect, Vita, Stimul, Kemira, etc.). On a bush, 2 liters of solution from 1-2 tbsp. spoons of complex fertilizer in a bucket of water.
  • Feeding plants with ash - 1-2 glasses per 1 square meter of the garden.
  • Sowing in the aisles of marigolds or garlic.

During the growing season(June - August):

  • Watering once every 10 days.
  • Top dressing with ash 1 time in 10 days, sprinkling around the bush and in the aisles.
  • Mustache trimming once every 2 weeks.
  • Loosening of row spacings - once every 10 days.

Before flowering and during the growth of ovaries(July):

  • Foliar feeding of plants with a solution of micronutrients.
  • Top dressing with infusion of mullein or bird droppings (1 liter per bucket of water with the addition of 1/2 glass of ash).
  • Watering after flowering, while pouring berries and after harvesting.
  • Garter bushes, mulching, wire pulling.

After harvest (immediately!)(August):

  • Cutting of old leaves, peduncles, whiskers.
  • Abundant watering of the plants (10 days after the destruction of old leaves).
  • Loosening the soil.
  • Disinfection of plants by watering from a watering can with a 0.3% solution of copper oxychloride (30 g per bucket of water) or the same solution of copper sulfate.
  • Feeding plants with a solution of pink potassium permanganate, and for better root formation with a solution: 50 g of superphosphate and 0.5 cups of ash per bucket of water with the addition of 1 liter of mullein or bird droppings.

× Gardener's handbook Plant nurseries Stores of goods for summer cottages Landscape design studios

Strawberry varieties

Sudarushka

A variety of medium ripening, semi-spreading bush, medium height. Peduncles are of medium length and thickness, and the inflorescences are located at and below the leaves. Differs in good shoot-forming ability and gives seedlings of good quality.

Large oval berries. Berries of the first harvest reach 34 g. Berries of subsequent harvests do not change their shape, but are slightly smaller. The pulp of berries is sweet and sour taste, juicy, red, with aroma.

Productivity - up to 1.5 kg / sq.m.

The variety is winter-hardy, highly resistant to wilting diseases, but moderately affected by fungal diseases.

Tsarskoye Selo

The variety is of medium ripening. Semi-spreading, densely leafy bush of medium height, semi-spreading, multi-flowered inflorescences on peduncles of medium length and thickness are located below the level of the leaves.

Berries with dark red flesh have a sweet and sour taste. In the first collection, their weight reaches 35 g, but in subsequent collections they shrink to 12-14 g, but the correct oval shape is preserved. Berries of the Tsarskoselskaya variety are well gelled, which makes them an excellent raw material for processing.

The highest yield of the variety is 1.8 kg / sq.m.

The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to fungal diseases and wilt diseases.

Marvelous

The variety is of medium ripening. Tall, compact, medium leafy bushes. Since large leaves are located on a thick long petiole, and multi-flowered, semi-spreading inflorescences are located on long, thick, sparsely pubescent peduncles, the bush is well blown by the wind.

The variety “Divnaya” has a mass of berries of all collections of 15-18 g, and the mass of berries of the first collection reaches 38 g. Fragrant berries with light red, juicy pulp have a sweet and sour taste and a red color. Their form is blunt-conical.

The yield of the variety is high - up to 1.6 kg / sq.m.

The variety is winter hardy, resistant to fungal diseases and wilt diseases.

Festivalnaya

The main variety is of medium ripening. Plants are tall, densely leafy, slightly spreading. The leaves are large, dark green. Peduncles at leaf level, slightly spreading, with a small number of flowers. The flowers are white bisexual, the pedicels are long, thin.

The berries of the first collection are 40 g, the average weight is 18-20 g. As a result of the accretion of flowers in the inflorescence, the formation of very large berries up to 50 g, resembling a cockscomb in shape, is characteristic. The pulp is pink, juicy, tender, sweet and sour. The palatability is high - 4.5 points.

The yield is high - 1.8 kg / sq.m.

Advantages: good transportability, high yield, large-sized fruit, beautiful appearance, dessert taste and high vitamin content, high winter hardiness.

Disadvantage: affected by powdery mildew and strawberry mites.

Junia Smides

Early middle term.

The berries are broadly ovate, slightly ribbed, with a small neck, calyx with raised sepals. The berries are light red with a delicate, aromatic pulp of light red or pink color. Average weight 7.9 g, maximum - 31.

The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to major pests and diseases.

Dawn

An early variety of strawberries. The bush is strong, compact, begins to bear fruit in the second year. Inflorescences are multi-flowered, spreading.

Fruits are medium - 18 g, aligned, bright red, shiny, ovoid. The taste is pleasant, ripen at the same time in the early stages. Harvest up to 1.5 kg / sq.m.

The variety is resistant to white spot, weakly affected by rot, medium - strawberry mite and stem nematode.

The variety is winter-hardy. High transportability.

The advantages of the variety are early ripening, good type of berries, high winter hardiness of the bushes. Gives many mustaches and rosettes.

Disadvantage: medium-sized berries, average yield.

Zenga-Zengana

German strawberry variety. Leaves are medium, dark green, shiny. Peduncles are low and strong, located at the level of foliage.

Fruits with a brown tint. The first berries are large, broadly rounded, heart-, kidney- or wedge-shaped. The pulp is red, dense, juicy, aromatic, with a pleasant sweet-sour taste. Achenes are moderately submerged.

Ripening period - late. Productivity 1.5-2 kg / sq.m. It is widely used in breeding.

The variety is resistant to strawberry brown spot and powdery mildew.

Susceptible to gray rot and strawberry septoria, relatively resistant to nematodes.

Winter hardy. The variety is especially picky about soil fertility.

Moscow delicacy

(F1 hybrid strawberry). The variety is both remontant and large-fruited (average weight of berries is 15 g, maximum - up to 35 g). Fruiting from May until frost.

The combination of remontance and large-fruited results in high yields - 0.8-1.5 kg of selected berries can be harvested from one plant per season. The collection of its berries begins 4-6 months after sowing the seeds or 1-3 months after planting the seedlings.

Moscow delicacy is neutral with respect to daylight hours and does not require the obligatory exposure to negative temperatures. Plants of the Moscow delicacy are resistant to low light. Therefore, they can be grown all year round in greenhouses or rooms.

Plants of this hybrid are strong, easy to grow and do well in a variety of soil types.

Yongseok

A medium-ripening variety, bred in Norway from a cross between Zenga-Zengana and Valentine. The bush is of medium size, compact, medium leafy. Leaves of medium size, dark green with a bluish tint, slightly shiny. Inflorescences are compact, located at the level of the leaves.

Berries are leveled in shape and size, the weight of the first harvest is 14.2 g, the average for all harvests is 9.5 g. The shape of the berry is rounded-conical, often triangular, the surface is longitudinally tuberous. The color of the berries is dark red with shine. The pulp is intense red, firm, without a shaft. The taste is sweet and sour.

Also read:

Diseases and pests of strawberries

Popular by topic