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Growing Felt Cherries
Growing Felt Cherries

Video: Growing Felt Cherries

Video: Growing Felt Cherries
Video: Felt cherry after summer harvest. What you need to do. 2023, March

Far Eastern plant produces crops in northwest Russia

Felt cherry
Felt cherry

Many gardeners have appreciated and successfully grow a distant relative of common cherries - felt cherries (fluffy, Chinese).

In the wild, it is found in northern China. It is widely used in culture in China, Korea, Japan. In Russia, this type of cherry is very common in the Far East, in the Khabarovsk and Primorsky regions.

The plant got its name due to the strong pubescence of the lower part of the leaves, buds, and shoots.

Felt cherry is incredibly beautiful at the time of flowering. Its compact bushes are completely covered with white or pink fragrant flowers and resemble huge bouquets. It is no less beautiful at the time of fruiting. The light-red fruits on short stalks stick around the branches so densely that they bend under their weight.

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"The yield is amazingly generous," IV Michurin wrote about her, recommending the felt cherry as a winter-hardy, not damaged by fungal diseases, unpretentious and fruitful plant. From one bush, you can get up to 7 kg of fresh sweet fruits that taste like sweet cherries. The fruits are used fresh and processed.

Due to the dark green corrugated leaves, which acquire a yellow-orange color after the first frost, this plant does not lose its decorative effect even after harvest.

In the conditions of the Leningrad Region, felt cherry plants usually do not exceed two meters in height. The branching of the bushes is very strong.

It is best to plant this cherry in high places, protected from cold winds, at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other.

Felt cherry is unpretentious to the soil, but light, well-drained fertile soils are preferable for it. Its root system is compact, superficial.

In one-year unbranched seedlings, after planting, the aerial part is shortened at a height of 0.3-0.4 m; in biennials, 5-6 of the strongest branches are left, shortening them by 1/4 of the length. Subsequently, carrying out annual pruning, diseased, damaged and dried branches are removed. Particular attention should be paid to careful thinning of the bushes, achieving a good light regime in them.

Growth over 0.5 m should be shortened by 1/3. With the aging of the bush, rejuvenating pruning should be carried out, shortening the branches in the zone of the emerging top shoots. Frozen branches should be shortened to healthy wood, transferring to well-located side branches.

In winters with high snow cover and unfrozen soil, the bark in the root collar zone is very often underpinned by plants. As a result, the aerial part dies, and the root system sometimes gives rise to growth. Podoprevanie bark in the zone of the root collar is possible when growing plants on clay soil. In this case, it is advisable to add sand to the root collar zone, and in winter, during thaws, to compact the snow around the trunk.

The productive life of plants is 8-10 years. Felt cherry can bear fruit well only under conditions of cross-pollination, while it conveys well the characteristics of the mother plant to the seed offspring. Therefore, most often it is propagated by sowing seeds. Seedlings begin to bear fruit in the 3-4th year of life.

There are no varieties of felt cherry in the non-chernozem zone yet; here it is grown as a population of numerous forms obtained from sowing seeds.

In order to fully preserve the plant's inherent properties, it should be propagated by vegetative methods: green, lignified cuttings and grafting.

Other materials about felt cherry:

Vladimir Starostin. Felt cherry

Nikolay Khromov. Cherry Ando - felt - varieties, advantages and agricultural technology

G. Aleksandrov. Features of growing felt cherries

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