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What To Do For A Gardener In August - Vaccinations, Feeding And Plant Protection
What To Do For A Gardener In August - Vaccinations, Feeding And Plant Protection

Video: What To Do For A Gardener In August - Vaccinations, Feeding And Plant Protection

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Small Garden August - slugs and blight and replanting, interplanting 2023, February
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Seasonal work of the fruit grower at the end of summer

Budding
Budding

Vaccinations

In late July and early August, budding can still be carried out, although the best time for this is the second half of July. Moreover, it should be noted that if budding is done for the sake of obtaining a seedling, then it is better to perform it at a height of 5 to 15 cm from the ground.

Budding is done as follows: first, a T-shaped incision about 3 cm long is made with a grafting knife on the stem of the stock (seedling or layering of a weak stock). Then a stalk is cut from the tree of the desired variety - the middle part of the growth of the current year. A scutellum is cut off from this cutting - a strip of bark with a bud and leaf petiole in the middle, also about 3 cm long.

After that, the bark of the rootstock should be slightly separated with a grafting knife and immediately insert the scion shield (of the desired variety) into the T-shaped incision, holding it by the leaf petiole. After that, coat with pitch and wrap with foil, preferably PVC. I draw your attention to the fact that if you first cut off the flap, and then make an incision in the rootstock, then the cambium on the flap may oxidize during this time.

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Top dressing in the garden

You should feed both garden strawberries and fruit trees. Strawberries can be fed in different ways.

The first option: sprinkle 20-30 g of superphosphate and 10-15 g of potassium sulfate for each square meter, followed by the incorporation of fertilizers into the soil.

The second option is to feed with slurry with the addition of phosphorus and potassium. To do this, add 1.5 cups of ash and 60 g of simple or 30 g of double superphosphate to a bucket for slurry, let it brew (up to 3 days) and pour about 1 liter under a bush. To simplify feeding, some recommend watering in the furrows.

The third option is to apply AVA fertilizer at 3-5 g per bush (followed by loosening into the soil), if it was not applied during planting.

In the first and third options, it is advisable to carry out foliar fertilizing with nitrogen - spray the leaves with a 0.3% urea solution.

At this time, flower buds are also laid in fruit trees, which should also be sprayed with a urea solution. It is most advisable to carry out such feeding in fruitful years, especially in varieties with a strong fruiting frequency, when a lot of nutrition is spent on the growth of fruits.

For fruit trees, it is also advisable to carry out phosphorus-potassium dressing both to increase the next year's yield and to increase the winter hardiness of trees. For this feeding, it is usually recommended to add superphosphate and potassium sulfate, but you need to know the dose for each age. I myself apply the AVA fertilizer mixed with ash, the addition of which improved winter hardiness.

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Plant protection

Disease and pest control. By August, especially if the "blue spraying" and spraying on pink buds were not carried out in spring, the leaves and fruits of apple and pear trees may be affected by scab. On the leaves, it appears as olive spots. For prophylaxis with a weak degree of damage, immunity inducers (immunocytophyte and others), as well as biological products (Planriz, Agat-25K, Baikal EM-1) can be recommended.

In case of severe damage, sprinkle with a solution of the drug Skor (up to 4 treatments) or 1% Bordeaux mixture.

Stone fruits are often affected by clusterosporiosis (perforated spot). With this disease, spots with a brown border are formed on the leaves, the middle of which then falls out. With a weak development of the disease, the above biological products will help, with a strong lesion, it is worth spraying with a Bordeaux mixture.

Fruit trees such as apple trees are damaged by many types of pests. Various types of aphids, caterpillars of apple moth and hawthorn can harm the leaves. Fruits can be damaged by the codling moth and rose moth. Against aphids, hawthorn and moths, you can spray Fitoverm - a biological product with high efficiency, as well as actellik and Fufanon (analog of karbofos). Against caterpillars, you can also use the biological products Lepidocid and Bitoxibacillin.

By August, many plants are infected. During growth and ripening, the berries of garden strawberries can be affected by gray rot. To prevent this disease, the soil is usually mulched with straw, peat, black film, dusted with ash or sprayed with a suspension of Fundazol or a solution of Baikal EM-1. At the first signs of the disease, they are sprayed with solutions of biological products (Fitosporin, Baikal EM-1).

After harvesting, you must remove the mustache, dead and very diseased leaves. If there are dark brown spots on the leaves (this means that the plants are sick with brown spot), sprinkle the plants with a solution of the biological product Planriz or Fitosporin. If the bushes are very sick, cut off the foliage and sprinkle with Bordeaux mixture.

August is also the time for harvesting fruits from summer apple varieties and other fruit crops

If you do not know what summer varieties you have, focus on the color change of the fruit. Some gardeners also harvest other varieties, but this is a serious mistake, since the early harvest of autumn and winter varieties is small and will not be able to ripen to the end, and as a result they will not have the typical taste for this variety.

Planting strawberries
Planting strawberries

Planting strawberries:

1 - correct, 2 - high (wrong), 3 - deep (wrong).

The end of August is a good time to plant all kinds of strawberry whiskers

It is better to plant them in places where strawberries have not grown for the last 2-3 years.

Good precursors are lettuce, spinach, dill, parsley, radishes, onions, garlic, carrots, beets, early cabbage, and legumes.

After clearing weeds, apply 4-10 kg / m² of humus or rotted manure (depending on soil fertility), 30-40 g / m² of superphosphate and 15-20 g / m² of potassium sulfate or 100-200 g / m² of ash, while add 3-5 g of AVA fertilizer granules to the holes.

It is better to plant a mustache in a row after 20-25 cm.

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