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Video: Propagation By Basal Cuttings And Layering
Read the previous part. ← Reproduction of shrubs by root and woody cuttings
The alphabet of vegetative reproduction. Part 2
Propagation by basal cuttings
Rooted and unrooted cuttings of phlox divarikat
In late spring - early summer, many types of ornamental plants can be easily propagated by basal cuttings. Here we mean the first young shoots of phlox paniculata, astilbe, peony, aruncus, lychnis, perennial asters, helenium and others, growing from the base of the bush, from the ground itself.
Depending on the location of the garden plot, flower plants "wake up" at different times. In more northern regions, the growing season begins later than in southern ones. Often, the remnants of last year's dry stems, if moved, come off with a young shoot and tiny roots - this is the basal cutting.
It is usually planted on a growing bed in a light nutrient mixture, and, if necessary, several cuttings in a permanent place at once, throwing a pinch of AVA granules into the holes as a universal environmentally friendly long-acting fertilizer lasting 2-3 years.
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As the shoots grow, the same species of perennials can be cut into cuttings 7–10 cm long and planted in the grooves of the distribution bed, sprinkling them with sand and sprinkling them well with water. For the same purposes, they use the tops of plants, accidentally cut off during the division and transplantation of perennials. The main thing is to tightly squeeze the cuttings with earth and shade the planting with lutrasil, gauze, and then keep the soil moist.
A bed for growing cuttings is usually arranged in partial shade, under the canopy of garden trees, so that the excess sun in an open place does not dry out the soil, while maintaining comfortable conditions for plants that were not rooted at first. As soon as young leaves appear on the tops of the shoots, the shading materials are removed, accustoming the plants to open air, sun and wind. At the end of the season, rooted cuttings can be planted permanently.
Reproduction of decorative lianas by layering
Reproduction by layering clematis fargesioides
Throughout the season, we can lay layering at decorative vines: grapes, woodworm, honeysuckle, honeysuckle, clematis. This is the easiest breeding method for vines. Near the mother plant, you need to have some free space for laying out the young shoots into furrows with moist soil.
The top of the shoots is not covered with earth, but raised on a wooden slingshot, the rest of the lash is pinned to the bottom of the groove and covered with moist earth. To stimulate rooting, a simple procedure is performed: the underside of the stem is scratched with a needle or a sharp knife under the tillering knot, and this scratch must be additionally powdered with root.
This manipulation is recommended, perhaps, for clematis and other "rarities" in our area. Grapes and honeysuckle root perfectly on their own. Cutting care is the simplest: keeping the soil moist and free from weeds. During the season, the shoot takes root, it is planted in a permanent place in September or spring.
Read the next part. Reproduction of lilacs →