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Promising Varieties Of Sea Buckthorn
Promising Varieties Of Sea Buckthorn

Video: Promising Varieties Of Sea Buckthorn

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Russian Varieties of the Sea Buckthorn 2023, February
Anonim

Several decades ago, gardeners interested in sea buckthorn transferred wild plants to their plots. Since the thirties of the XX century, Academician M.A. Lisavenko and other breeders of Russia bred a number of high-yielding varieties of sea buckthorn, distinguished by large-size fruits, excellent taste and medicinal qualities of fruits.

Golden ear, sea buckthorn
Golden ear, sea buckthorn

Recently, sea buckthorn has turned from a little-known Siberian berry plant into the most popular garden culture, the range of which includes more than 120 items. The most common varieties are described below.

A golden ear

A medium sized bush with a compressed and compact crown, brown bark and short branches. There are few thorns: each branch has only 3-4 thorns. Leaves are medium, slightly curled inward, dark green above, silvery below. The berries are medium, oval, light orange, moderately sour, ripen in early September. The average yield per bush is 13 kg, the maximum is 28 kg.

Zyryanka

A tree-like shrub of medium height. The crown is round, the branches are gray-brown, the shoots are thin, at the top with a hard thorn. Leaves are medium-sized, grayish-green, convex. The berries are large - 0.7-0.8 g, cylindrical, yellow-orange, sour-sweet taste with aroma. Peduncles 6-7 mm long, the separation is almost dry. Ripening period is medium early, productivity - 5-13 kg per bush. Winter hardiness is above average.

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Vitamin

A vigorous shrub or tree with a pyramidal, narrow, compressed crown and thick branches. The bark is brown, there are few thorns. The leaves are large, slightly curled inward, light green. The berries are large, round, orange, sweet and sour, ripen at the end of August. The variety is high-yielding, in the third year of fruiting, the yield from a bush reaches 5 kg, the average yield from an adult plant is 13 kg, the maximum is 26 kg.

Gift of Katun

Tall bush up to 3 m tall with a dense, compact crown, with thick branches, grayish-brown bark, with thick branches, one spine at the ends of the shoots. The berries are medium, ovoid-oval, light orange, moderately sour, ripen at the end of August. Average yield per bush 14 kg, maximum - 29 kg.

Golden Siberia

Medium-sized tree with an oval crown. The bark of the branches is grayish-dark brown, the shoots are grayish-green, ending in a hard thorn. The leaves are small, lanceolate, dark green with a bluish tinge. The berries are large - 0.7-0.8 g, elongated-oval, golden-yellow with small dull crimson spots at the calyx, sweetish-sour. The separation of berries is easy, semi-dry. Ripening period is average. Productivity 3-10 kg per tree. Average winter hardiness.

Oilseed

A medium-sized bush with a well-branched crown, thin branches, the bark of the trunk is dark brown with a gray tint, there are few thorns. The leaves are medium, narrow, dark green, with a bright silver underside. Berries of medium size, ovoid, red-brown, ripen in mid-August. The yield from one bush from an adult plant is 11 kg, the maximum is 25 kg.

sea ​​buckthorn grade Oilseed
sea ​​buckthorn grade Oilseed

Altai news

A tall shrub with a wide spreading crown, a trunk with light brown bark and slightly drooping branches without thorns, which is very convenient for harvesting. The leaves are large, dark green above, silvery on the lower side. The berries are large, round, bright orange with red spots and thin skin, sweet and sour, without bitterness, collected in long (up to 28 cm) dense cobs. They ripen at the end of August, have a wet separation. The average yield per bush is 14 kg, the maximum is 27 kg.

Abundant

Medium-sized tree shrub with a broadly rounded crown. The bark of the branches is grayish-brown, the shoots are greenish-brown, ending in a hard thorn. The leaves are long, dark green with the top bent down. The berries are large - 0.7-0.8 g, yellow-orange, cylindrical, sweet-sour with a semi-dry separation. Ripening period is medium early. Productivity 8-24 kg per plant. Winter hardiness is above average.

Orange

Treelike shrub above average size with a rounded crown. The bark of the branches is grayish-brown, the shoots are directed obliquely upward, there is a hard thorn at the top. Leaves of medium size, dark green with a bluish tinge, folded in a boat, the top is bent upward. Berries of average size 0.6-0.7 g, round-oval, dull orange with grayish-raspberry spots, sweet and sour with astringency. The separation of the berries is almost dry. Ripening period is average. High productivity: 13-33 kg per bush. Average winter hardiness.

Excellent

A tree-like, medium-sized bush with a rare pyramidal crown. Shoots are thin, grayish-brown, drooping, some of them with hard spines. The leaves are long, narrow, silvery-dark green, folded like a boat. The berries are large - 0.7-0.8 g, cylindrical, slightly narrowed to the top, shiny, light orange, pleasant sweet and sour taste, with aroma. The separation of berries is easy, semi-dry. Ripening period is medium early. Productivity 3-17 kg per plant. Average winter hardiness.

sea ​​buckthorn grade Excellent
sea ​​buckthorn grade Excellent

Chuiskaya

A tree-like shrub with a rounded, sparse, spreading crown. The bark of the skeletal branches is grayish-dark brown. Shoots are greenish-brown, densely covered with light gray lenticels, ending in a soft thorn. The leaves are large, concave, dark green with a silvery tint. The berries are large - 0.7-0.8 g, elongated-oval, light orange with small raspberry spots at the stalk, sweet and sour dessert taste. Semi-dry separation of berries. Ripens early. Productivity is 4-12 kg of berries per plant. Average winter hardiness.

Shcherbinka

A bush of medium height. Annual shoots are long, of medium thickness, without thorns. The berries are large, cylindrical, brownish-orange with red spots, with a dense skin and pleasant aromatic pulp, ripen in early September. The average yield per bush is 10 kg. Along with the advantages of the named varieties, it should be noted that all of them are of Siberian origin, obtained in a sharply continental climate, therefore, in the conditions of the European part of Russia with unstable winters and frequent alternating thaws and frosts, they often suffer from freezing of buds and fruit-bearing branches. In recent years, breeders have obtained new varieties for the climatic conditions of the middle zone, the Non-Black Earth Zone and the North-West of Russia, which have already been tested here and are recommended as the best for these regions. These include varieties Botanicheskaya, Botanicheskaya amateur,Pleasing, Gift to the Garden and Trofimovskaya.

oberich variety Shcherbinka
oberich variety Shcherbinka

Botanical

The variety is of medium ripening. The bush is medium-sized, almost without thorns. The berries are large, elongated, oval-rounded, light orange, shiny, with a dense skin, sourish. The variety is winter-hardy, productive, gives more than 25 kg of berries from one plant.

sea ​​buckthorn grade Botanicheskaya
sea ​​buckthorn grade Botanicheskaya

Botanical amateur

Treelike shrub above average. The crown is pyramidal, the branches are gray-brown, the shoots are thick, the overgrowth with spines is weak. The leaves are large, dark green, slightly concave. Berries are above average - 0.6-0.7 g, elongated-oval, orange-yellow, sweet-sour with a slight astringency. Ripening period is average, winter hardiness is high, productivity is 6-15 kg per plant.

Pleasing

A tree-like vigorous bush. The bark of the branches is brownish-brown, the shoots are thick, heavily overgrown with spines, greenish-brown. The tops of the shoots end in hard spines. Leaves are grayish-dark green with a metallic sheen, weakly folded along the main vein and curved at the top, located at right angles to the shoot. Berries of medium size, 0.5-0.6 g, oval with a slightly elongated top, orange with small gray spots at the stalk, pubescent with grayish scales, sweetish-sour with astringency and pronounced aroma. Ripening period is medium late. High winter hardiness, productivity 5-9 kg per plant.

sea ​​buckthorn grade Otradnaya
sea ​​buckthorn grade Otradnaya

Gift to the garden

The variety is of medium ripening. The bush is medium-sized with a compact crown, with thick straight shoots and large buds, few thorns. The berries are large, elongated-oval, dark orange with a red tan, with a dense skin, sweetish-sour taste, on long stalks, with a dry separation. The variety is winter-hardy and fruitful.

Trofimovskaya

A vigorous tree-like bush. The branches are grayish-dark brown, the shoots are thick, there are few thorns. The leaves are large, dull green, folded along the main vein. The berries are large, 0.8 g, rounded-oval, bright yellow with small grayish-crimson spots at the stalk, pubescent with grayish scales, sour taste. The separation of the berries is almost dry. Ripening period is medium late. Productivity - 3-8 kg per plant. Winter hardiness is high. In addition to the listed varieties for amateur gardening in the European part of Russia, the varieties Avgustinka, Perchik, Vorobievskaya, Oranzhevaya, Moskvichka are also recommended.

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