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Video: Henomeles Or Japanese Quince - Cultivation Experience
Chaenomeles - fruit and ornamental shrub
When a quince appeared on my site, I did not know that it had two species with the botanical name Chaenomeles and Cydonia. Quince bushes were brought to me in the distant 80s by my Latvian friends from Riga. It turned out to be Japanese quince or henomeles.
The plants were long-awaited, and therefore got the sunniest place on the site, where they took root well and also developed well. It is impossible not to love this wonderful plant for the beauty with which it pleases during its abundant flowering in spring.
At this time, sprawling and at the same time rather tall bushes, reaching 1 meter, with branches completely covered with large red-orange flowers, densely sitting along the branches, give everyone great pleasure.
What kind of care was required to ensure this beauty? I must say right away that the land on my site consists of fertile loams with a humus layer one and a half to two bayonets of a shovel. Therefore, when planting quince seedlings, no wisdom was required.
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It was just that manure was immediately introduced into the planting pit measuring 30x30x40 cm, and then every spring under the reviving bush we again brought in half a bucket of manure or humus of the second or third year of storage. Mineral fertilizers were not used, and manure was given once a season. I think that humic fertilizers or compost serve as an alternative. In addition, I tried to weed out the grass around the bush and watered the quince - in a bucket under the bush - in hot weather.
With the harvest, my favorite quince delighted us every autumn, whatever the summer. As the bushes grew, the number of fruits removed also increased. For more than twenty years of quince's presence on the site, its yield reached 4-5 buckets with a capacity of 10 liters. This is a huge harvest, for one family - in abundance, so every year I presented my friends with half of the collected fruits.
The variety of quince donated to me is unknown, but my quince turned out to be large-fruited with fruits of an irregular shape, lumpy, the size of a small egg - on two bushes, and the third one had pear-shaped fruits and a little smaller. After ripening on the bush, the fruits turn from green to yellow with a pink barrel if they grew on the upper branches. The fruits from the lower branches are closed from the sun and, as a rule, remain green, then almost everything in baskets at home ripens, losing a little moisture.
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But all fruits - both yellow and green - are very fragrant. And their subtle aroma is one of those that can be inhaled endlessly, standing near a bush with ripening fruits or near a basket with a harvested crop. The aroma is preserved in the blanks, while the flowers are not fragrant at all.
When caring for Japanese quince, it is necessary to take into account some of the features associated with the preparation of bushes for winter. My site is located in the Tikhvin region, and this is the east of the Leningrad region with a more severe winter by 5-7 ° C and warmer by 3-5 ° C in summer.
After the harvest of the quince at the very end of September, the branches, which had been bent under the weight of the fruit, straighten and for the most part stand upright. To prevent the bushes from freezing, I press the branches to the ground, laying boards and heavy sticks on them, which will allow the snow to completely cover the bushes.
In the spring, at the end of April or at the beginning of May, having arrived in the village, I remove the boards, and if I find frozen branches, I cut them out.
It is worth saying that the fruits of the Japanese quince are very sour, and the bush itself is quite thorny. This makes it necessary to protect the hands when harvesting. Moreover, the bush is reluctant to part with the fruits that sit tightly and tightly on the branches on very short stalks. You have to try very hard, tearing or twisting the fruit. In addition, in order to avoid freezing of the ripening quince from the frosts that occur in September, I cover the bushes with spunbond for this time. If this is not done, all the top, most ripe fruits become brown and unsuitable for food. And the fruits, as you know from the literature, are rich in vitamin C, organic acids and trace elements.
In the literature, one had to read that the bush should be freed from some of the flowers so that the plant could feed its fruits. I do not do this, and still always with a large harvest, and my quince sets fruit well without any modern means.
The second type of quince, quince, differs from chaenomeles in sparsely arranged flowers (from the editor - There was an article about this plant in our magazine - "Growing quince.) My bushes, as you can see from the photo, are covered with flowers, and then fruits.
What's more interesting … My species of quince does not reproduce by layering, because the shoot coming from the bush, even under the sod, has no rooting. The bushes must be divided and transferred with a lump of earth to another place, having previously moistened the lump with water. I had to face this because one autumn after my departure for the city, beauty lovers staged an attack on one of the three bushes. Having unfolded a bush in a hurry and taking most of it with them, they left me wounded branches with roots sticking out of the ground, which I discovered in the spring. Of course, I left them, transplanting them to another place, and for several years now they have delighted me with a bountiful harvest.
Cultivation of chaenomeles is also possible through seeds with stratification, but in this case, the harvest will have to wait a long time, since the first 2-3 years the Japanese quince grows very slowly.
I will tell you about how I “deal” with my huge harvest of quince in the next part.
Read the next part. An interesting recipe for "live quince" →