Video: How To Choose A Style For Your Garden
Finally, it's time to pick up a piece of paper, better than a millimeter one, and a pencil or felt-tip pens, in order to realize your dreams of a beautiful garden in your plan, or to fix something in an existing one, add a "zest" - what will make your garden unlike others. Everyone knows that the beauty of the surrounding landscape not only lifts the mood - it is healing and helps in work.
Design should start by finding your own garden style. It often turns out that we see a plot with a garden and a vegetable garden that is ideal in all respects, clean of all unnecessary, cultivated and nurtured, but you walk along it and you are surprised - everything seems to be fine, but something is not right. This is not a garden, but a conveyor belt for the production of garden products. Fortunately, most gardeners now strive not only for benefits, but also for beauty.
The style of the site is determined by its relief, illumination, prevalence of prevailing winds and soil composition. All this is first of all recorded on the plan along with the already existing plantings and buildings (mark those that you want to keep and those that are to be destroyed).
The style and layout of the garden cannot be compiled without taking into account the climatic zone, family traditions and hobbies of each family member. If the site is new, do not rush to plant. First of all, determine the location of the future house and the necessary outbuildings, then carry out a zonal division of the site (usually there are four zones), that is, this is the place of the future garden, it is better to place it on the north side so that later overgrown trees do not obscure the rest of the site.
If this location is inconvenient for you, then place the garden on the side of the prevailing winds to cut off their influence. Then in the north you can arrange a utility area with the construction of a garage or workshop.
The third zone is usually reserved for subsidiary farming: sooner or later, almost everyone will want to have livestock. Then the dacha will be able to provide not only vegetables, but also meat or milk.
The fourth area is a playground, it is located in such a place that it can be viewed both from home and from most points of the garden for your peace of mind and the safety of children.
You should not forget about your own pleasure: it can be a bathhouse, a gazebo, a place for an open fireplace or smokehouse, a decorative pond and rockery. Most often they strive to somehow combine business with pleasure: rockeries are placed in the area of the flower garden, the bathhouse is cooperated with the pond, and the barbecue is installed near the gazebo. The most important thing when placing buildings is to adhere to fire and sanitary standards in construction.
When the basic plan is drawn up, you can begin to define the style of your garden. Often the plan itself will tell you the most appropriate option. There are two main styles: regular and landscape.
A regular style garden is laid out according to the principle of symmetry. Here, the straightness of garden and driveways, even rows of plantations and a flower garden in an elongated rabatok style are observed. Naturally, the house project itself should be suitable for this style.
Typically, the layout of a regular garden begins with paths connecting the various zones. In general, lanes play a big role in the early stages, and once you start mastering them, you will quickly see the benefits.
Plants in a regular garden are arranged in several ways or in combination. The planting of trees and shrubs is always rectilinear, but it can be either square-nested or staggered. The latter method significantly saves space.
You can arrange trees with palmetto, giving them a flattened shape with the help of pruning, so that the passages along the rows remain free, and the fruit-bearing branches are located along the row. The palmette made from red currant bushes, cut with a flat line and secured (like raspberries) with twine or wire on both sides, looks especially great. During fruiting, all the clusters are visible and the currant looks like a ruby wall.
The shape of a regular garden provides not only rectangles or squares, but also the placement of plants along the rays coming from the house, or along triangles.
The landscape style provides for the least interference with the existing landscape (although, if desired, such a style is created artificially), the main thing is the most complete illusion of the natural origin of your garden and vegetable garden. All buildings should fit into the style as organically as possible. The style provides for a complete rejection of the rules of strict symmetry, its free layout helps to create many beautiful and cozy corners for relaxation and favorite activities even on a very small plot of land.
The landscape style provides for a slightly larger set of ornamental plants; hedges, lawns and meadows, flower beds are of great importance.
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