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Video: What Plants To Choose For A Wet Garden
Cultivated plants in humid places
Of the cultivated plants, the thick-leaved Badan (Bergenia crassifolia) has earned the greatest fame as a lover of wet places. This member of the saxifrage family with large leathery leaves, which acquire a very pleasant lilac-red hue in spring and autumn, looks great in the shade of trees and shrubs, in mixed beds and in shaded areas near the water.
The pink flowers of badan are bell-shaped, appear in early May and continue to bloom until the end of June, but the main decorative effect of this plant is still in the leaves. The height of the bush does not exceed 25-40 cm, the bush can be divided and the resulting parts can be planted at a distance of 30-40 cm, watering abundantly within two weeks after transplanting. Badan is shade-tolerant and frost-hardy, prefers light, well-drained soil and needs regular watering.
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In approximately the same conditions - moisture and shade - the Przewalski buzulnik (Ligularia przewalskii), a representative of the Compositae family, up to one and a half meters high with yellow flowers gathered in narrow ears, will feel good. Buzulnik, in contrast to bergenia, is ready to grow in lighted places, but the soil must be constantly moistened.
Grows well on moist soils bright red gravilat (Geum coccineum) is a perennial rhizome plant of the Rosaceae family.
Its rosettes of lyre-shaped basal leaves are very decorative; the stem is pubescent and rarely exceeds 50 cm in height. Gravilata flowers are simple or double, up to 3 cm in diameter; are bright red or orange in color and are collected in a paniculate few-flowered inflorescence. The flowering of most varieties of bright red gravilata begins in May and lasts more than a month, although there are exceptions, for example, the Borizia variety, which delights the eye from June to September. Gravilat tolerates light shading, does not like acidic soils. Looks impressive in groups and borders. When growing gravilat, it should be remembered that terry forms are more capricious and need shelter for the winter.
Indispensable for wet areas are beardless irises, such as yellow, smooth, hybrid and Siberian with all the many varieties produced by breeders. It makes no sense to describe irises, this plant is familiar to everyone. They bloom, as a rule, in June and look great even in the absence of flowering. Irises are a classic option for decorating reservoirs and flooded areas of the garden.
Calla, Ethiopian Zantedeschia
A wonderful plant for wet places is the Ethiopian calla (Zantedeschia aethiopica, Z. Elliottiana). Many are accustomed to consider this plant to be a roomy and rather capricious beauty, but provided that the tubers are excavated in the fall and not too hurriedly, after the threat of frost, planting in the spring, this plant lives well in the garden.
Calla lilies not only tolerate soil moisture well, they can live even in shallow water, flooded areas. A variety of colors and a spectacular flower will make anyone who has ever indulged in growing calla lilies in the garden make sure that the plant appears there again. To do this, you just need to provide a dormant period for the beauty's tubers, digging them up for the winter and keeping them at a temperature of 10-15 degrees.
The beautifully flowering South American plant mirabilis (Mirabilis jalapa) tolerates moisture well, its branched shoots can reach a meter in height, and the flowers are very diverse in color - white, yellow, red, pink. The flowering of this plant lasts from June to September, flowers open in the afternoon and have a very delicate, pleasant aroma. Mirabilis is propagated by tubers, which are planted in fertile soil in early May, or by seeds formed by plants every year.
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The garden hybrids of Tradescantia, such as Tradescantia andersoniana, feel great where it is warm and damp.
A low bush (30 to 80 cm), with linear-lanceolate leaves with a barely noticeable purple tint. Its umbrella-shaped inflorescences, which can be white, blue, pink or purple, look great next to hosts, swimsuits and other plants in wet places. The plant blooms from June to September. The hosts themselves, well-known and popular plants, will probably only be glad if they are placed in a humid and shady area of the garden. The variety of varieties of this plant allows you to choose the right shade of foliage and revive the space of the "wet" flower bed.
Not too flashy, but the original form of a flower, in the form of a candle hidden in a candlestick, is possessed by Arisaema - another lovers of soil moisture. In fact, these are plants of tropical rainforests, but they have taken root in our climate, needing only shelter with leaves for the winter. Experienced flower growers recommend planting arizem against the background of some ground cover plants. It is sown with freshly harvested seeds in August, but the plant will begin to bloom only after 3-4 years.
The annual plant for the wet garden is Vancouveria hexandra. Plant height does not exceed 25-30 cm, and the decoration is mainly delicate graceful leaves, which can form whole carpets. The racemose inflorescences of drooping white flowers certainly adorn an already pleasant plant. So that it will please you next year, in the fall, divide its rhizome into several pieces with renewal buds and plant them at a distance of 10 cm from each other to a depth of 5-6 cm.Under the canopy of Vancouveria trees, it can grow very actively.
In the shade of trees, in the presence of good leaf litter and moist, but without stagnant water, soil, the now fashionable trilliums (genus Trillium), perennial herbaceous plants with a straight low stem, three leaves and a single flower with three petals, will grow well. The color of the petals varies - most often they are white, but they can be brown-purple (T. gleasoni and T. sessile), and greenish (T.erectum), and bright red (T. smallii). It is not easy to propagate them, so it is best to wait for self-seeding - as in a fairy tale, three years from the moment the seeds ripen from the first settlers on your moist soils. Trilliums bloom in the spring, but even for three weeks of flowering, these plants should be kept in the flowerbed all summer.