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Video: Continuous Flowering Garden: Perennials Blooming In July
See also: Perennials blooming in June | Perennials blooming in August
Perennials of July
The July Garden in our northern latitudes is a real carnival of flowers of all kinds, colors and aromas! Every gardener is proud and happy with the beauty that has blossomed in his garden, thanks to tireless work and eternal search for something extraordinary.
In summer, Krasnodne (daylily, hemerocalis) can be deservedly called the king of the garden.
An ancient and always fashionable, completely unpretentious plant of the lily family decorates the garden with its lush bushes with narrow linear leaves from early spring to late autumn. Countless varieties and forms of hemerocalis bloom from May to October, you just have to choose your favorite ones. The flowers of the daylily are large, funnel-shaped, six-partite with a small tube and very similar to the flowers of a tubular lily.
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Likhnis (adonis) and lemon butterfly
In some varieties, flowers exude the most delicate aroma. The color of flowers is the most diverse, in yellow, orange, brownish, bronze, crimson, purple, lilac and almost white. Plant height varies from 30 to 100 cm.
Krasnoday grows reliably in sunny and semi-shady places on clayey, nutritious, moderately moist soil. This is a traditional plant for casing ponds. Faded flowers must be removed - this will preserve decorativeness and prolong flowering. The daylily propagates by dividing the bush, and it easily transfers the transplant at any time (except for flowering). Winter-hardy and durable.
Lychnis chalcedony or adonis is one of the brightest garden plants. Its orange-red corymbose large inflorescences resemble Turkish carnation in structure and oriental poppy in color.
Lyhnis bush up to 1 m high burns like fire in June-July, giving energy and vigor to those who admire it. …
There are varieties and garden forms with white simple and double flowers. If the fading heads are removed in a timely manner, axillary peduncles bloom all summer until late autumn, burning in the sun with a bright scarlet fire.
One of the main characters of the July garden is undoubtedly Arends' astilba (hybrid) 60-80 cm high. Most of its varieties bloom in July, although the flowering of this species can be admired from June to September.
Compact bushes with characteristic pinnate leaves, matte or glossy, light or dark green, in some varieties - anthocyanin-colored, themselves decorate the garden from spring to late autumn. The flowering of astilba in all the richness of its openwork paniculate inflorescences with the smallest flowers of bright and delicate shades of white, pink, lilac, red, purple, ruby, red-violet, cream is a fascinating sight!
It is especially effective if you arrange astilba varieties in rather large groups. Gives an excellent cut, especially well combined with roses and perennial gypsophila. Dried inflorescences are a valuable material for winter compositions.
Other types of astilbe are also grown. Astilba Thunberg 80 cm high with dark green shiny leaves and drooping inflorescences has many varieties. Low-growing varieties are obtained from astilba simple-leaved (height 30 cm) and Chinese astilba (height 15-20 cm). The smallest is astilbe naked 10-15 cm high with pink or cream flowers, it is used on alpine slides
Astilba prefers light and semi-shady places in the garden with moist air, clay nutrient soil of sufficient moisture. Its rhizome grows upward, therefore, regular addition of fresh fertile soil is required in autumn and spring. Propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn. Hibernates without shelter.
Various sedums (stonecrops), saxifrage are indispensable in the creation of rocky gardens, carpet compositions. They have a rich palette of colors for stems, leaves and flowers. Ground cover species easily reproduce by cuttings or daughter rosettes (rejuvenated), offspring, dividing bushes throughout the season.
Achilles (yarrow) is very simple in culture and very diverse in species, varieties and colors. Achilles meadowsweet, or golden yarrow, grows up to 100-120 cm, blooms with bright yellow inflorescences (shields) in July.
The feathery gray-green leaves have a spicy scent. Achilles ordinary with a height of 50-70 cm in recent years has become the ancestor of many hybrid forms with green pinnate leaves, with pink, carmine, red, cream and white flowers in corymbose inflorescences. There are many varieties of both types. Achilles ptarmica, or sneeze herb, is markedly different in appearance from those described above.
Plant height 30-70 cm, leaves are lanceolate, whole, inflorescences are a loose raceme, consisting of snow-white simple or double flowers. The most famous variety is Pearl with double flowers. Blooms from July to September. Grows easily due to creeping rhizomes. In a rainy summer and in the shade, it stretches up to 1 m and lays down, so it needs a garter.
All types of Achilles are good at cutting, which is also harvested for winter compositions. In this case, the shoots cut off in full dissolution are tied into small bunches and suspended in a shaded and ventilated place.
Achilles is undemanding to soils, but grows best in fertile, well-drained, sunny places. The first two types of Achilles are fairly drought tolerant. The plant is propagated by dividing the bushes in spring or autumn, as well as by sowing seeds before winter. Hibernates without shelter.
In July, fragrant double monarda and tubular monarda bloom with bright crimson, pink, purple flowers, collected in bunches. Plant height - up to 80 cm, stems are straight, pubescent; the leaves are narrow. Blooms in July - August. Large groups of plants create colorful and fragrant garden corners in sunny and semi-shaded areas. Dried flower shoots retain a subtle scent in winter compositions and flower potpourri.
Monarda is valued not only as an ornamental, but also as a food, medicinal plant. Monarda essential oil has antimicrobial properties and a bergamot scent. Fresh and dried leaves, shoots, inflorescences of monarda are added to tea, soups, jams, pickles and marinades. Young shoots are used in summer vegetable and fruit salads. In the USA, lemon monard is widespread, which is grown in many countries of the world as a gingerbread vegetable crop. Indians traditionally season meat dishes, salads with monarda to stimulate appetite and improve digestion.
The culture works well on nutritious loamy soils, is responsive to fertilization and watering in dry weather. Propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn, sowing seeds before winter.
In July, many species of perennials bloom: antemis (navel), nodule aconite (poisonous and medicinal plant), Italian aster, large-flowered concrete (initial), heart-leaved boconia, woolly hogweed, oriental cornflower, mountainous, Russian, Siberian; large-headed elecampane, willow loosestrife (litrum), barnyard (mordovnik, echinops), Gebler's wort, large-flowered coreopsis, long-leaved mullein (verbascum) long-leaved, spikelet liatris, Barclay's maurandia, medicinal soapwort, cornflower.
Rudbeckia is shiny, hybrid, split-leaved, beautiful - very elegant, showy plants with bright colors of large flower baskets up to 10-12 cm in diameter.
Hybrid rudbeckia grows up to 120 cm, its inflorescences glow with a red-yellow fire until the end of the season, sometimes until October, if the fading heads are removed in time. Any garden will certainly benefit from the presence of even a few hybrid rudbeckia bushes.
Other species with yellow reed flowers and dark brown, almost black (beautiful rudbeckia) or greenish yellow (glossy rudbeckia) cone-shaped center of tubular flowers are its excellent partners. Rudbeckia hairy hybrids have a two-year life cycle, so it is important not to forget to sow at least one head of ripe seeds before winter so that flowering is not interrupted.
Salvia greggii - raspberry royale
The oldest, from the village garden, Rudbeckia split-leaved "Golden ball" with densely double golden-yellow inflorescences and high stems up to 2 m in height, still regularly serves beauty, ennobling with its presence even unsightly fences, outbuildings and other objects that require decorations …
All types of rudbeckia are unpretentious, tolerate partial shade and moist soils, bloom more abundantly on fertile soils.
Blossoming in the July garden salvia (sage) silvery, purple sedum, false, Kamchatka.
Eryngium (eryngium) is highly prized in natural gardens, in English gardens. Its flowers are collected in capitate inflorescences, have a blue, blue, amethyst, blue-steel color and magnificent large thorny blue bracts, reminiscent of old starchy lace collars.
In culture, there are several of its species: with a height from 50 cm (alpine erythematosus, seaside) to 100 cm (amethyst, giant) with strong stems and thorny leaves.
Erythematosus is photophilous, drought-resistant, prefers light limed soil. Propagate it by sowing seeds in open ground. In the northern regions it is better to cover the eringium for the winter. Tall species are planted in groups on lawns, in mixborders; low - in rabatkas, rocky gardens. Cut is used in compositions with dried flowers.
Caucasian scabiosa blooms in July - August, sometimes in September, with flowers of various colors (white, lilac, dark blue, purple), small in the center, larger - along the edges of the capitate inflorescence. Its height is 50-80 cm, inflorescences are located at the ends of long peduncles. It is very photophilous, it needs humus moist soils. In one place, scabiosa grows without loss of decorativeness up to 6 years, winter-hardy. Propagated by sowing seeds and dividing the bushes in the spring. They are used in rabatkas, mixborders, in groups on lawns, rocky gardens, for cutting.
Peacock tigridia is a rare plant in the Iris family, but recently its bulbs can be bought in stores. They grow it like gladioli. Plant height 60-70 cm. It blooms in July - August with rather large, cup-shaped flowers of 6 petals (three wide and three narrow, smaller ones).
The color of the flowers is varied: yellow, orange, red, purple, with spots and dots of more intense color in the center. Each flower blooms for only one day (like a daylily, or krasodnev), but there are several of them on the peduncle. They are planted in a sunny place in fertile, sufficiently moist and drained soil when warm weather approaches. Planting depth 5-7 cm, distance between plants 20 cm. A large crystal of AVA fertilizer and a handful of sand are placed under the bulb. In autumn, the bulbs are dug up and dried very carefully, stored in a cool dry place.
Physostegia virginsky is an original and rare plant of the Labiate family 80-120 cm high. Rhizome perennial, in which all parts of the plant, including the roots, are annually renewed. Two-lipped flowers of white, less often pink or red, are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences up to 30 cm long. It blooms in July-August in bright places with fertile soil and sufficient moisture. The bushes are planted in 2-3 years. Used in group plantings and for cutting.
Phlox paniculata, funkia (hosta), common hops are well-known plants for gardeners.
The number of varieties of phlox paniculata with its picturesque, fragrant flowers can make up a large collection in any part of the garden - sunny and partial shade. Phlox reproduces well with stem cuttings from early spring, dividing the bush after 3-4 years, root suckers and layering.
The function (host) of the shady garden. Its lush, but low bushes of rosette leaves majestically frame the paths, create elegant groups on the lawns, in the extreme row of the mixborder, fix and accentuate the individual points of the flower garden.
Rich texture of leaves with wavy edges, curliness, white and yellow stripes along the edge and in the center of the leaf blades; the bluish and yellowish tint of the leaves makes the hosta an integral part of the modern decorative garden. There are many types and varieties of hosts that can be purchased at shops and garden centers.
It should be remembered that the variegated forms of the leaves require good illumination, otherwise the variegation will change to just green. Fertile soil with sufficient moisture allows the host to show its best decorative qualities to the maximum. Hosta leaves are often used as an arrangement material in bouquets. Lilac flowers on long peduncles are often cut off immediately, although they give the hosta, decorative and deciduous for its main purpose, a special charm.
Tsimitsifuga (black cohosh, black cohosh) also belongs to decorative leafy species, possessing spectacular, large carved leaves up to 100 cm tall. Garden forms with anthocyanin-colored leaves are especially appreciated. Cimicifuga racemose has candle-shaped inflorescences of very small white flowers, the height of the plant in bloom reaches 200 cm. Flowering occurs in July - August. Cimicifuga, common, heart-leaved, American, Japanese, are also grown.
Plants are light-requiring, but they tolerate partial shade; prefer sufficiently moist fertile soils. Winter hardiness. Propagated by dividing the bushes and sowing seeds. Used on the back and side planes of mixborders, singly on lawns, for cutting. Periodic mulching with humus is useful. The plant is poisonous. Some types of black cohosh (black cohosh, daurian black cohosh, stinking black cohosh) are used in folk and scientific medicine.
Tsimitsifuga (black cohosh)
Chemeritsa (veratrum) black, white (medicinal), Lobela, Californian refers to tall and even giant (Californian hellebore) garden perennials. In spring, their thick buds are especially decorative, from which shoots appear. By the middle of summer, they stretch to 100-250 cm, while being crowned with large paniculate inflorescences of small white, greenish-white, black-purple flowers. (The inflorescences are similar to astilba panicles). Bloom in July - August. Chemerits are photophilous, but tolerate partial shade; drought-resistant, although moisture-loving and frost-resistant. Soils prefer fertile loamy. They grow for a long time in one place without transplantation and rejuvenation. The plant is poisonous and medicinal, it is used to combat insects - parasites, in folk and scientific medicine.
In July, bloom chisel (stakhis, bear's ear), alpine edelweiss, Siberian (both species are distinguished by silvery-gray felt pubescence, which is very valuable when creating mixed plantings); evening primrose (primrose, night candle) gray, shrub with large yellow flowers exuding a delicate aroma; echinacea purpurea and other perennials.
Caring for flower perennials in July consists in maintaining the soil in a loose and weed-free state, feeding with complex fertilizer (Kemira-floral, sprinkle 80-100 g per m2 superficially), and watering if necessary.
Remember to remove faded inflorescences to extend the flowering period. If at the beginning of the flowering of lychnis, phlox paniculata and others, you cut off part of the shoots into bouquets, then from the lateral dormant buds, flowering shoots will very soon grow, which will bloom until late autumn.