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Continuous Flowering Garden: Perennials Flowering In August
Continuous Flowering Garden: Perennials Flowering In August

Video: Continuous Flowering Garden: Perennials Flowering In August

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Video: Long flowering plants 2023, February

See also: Perennials blooming in June | Perennials blooming in July

Perennials of August

Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August


August is a blessed time when the garden is filled with a wide variety of colors and aromas of flowers and herbs, warmed by the generous sun. It seems that it will always be so, and I don't want to leave the fabulously beautiful corners of the blooming garden.

Letniki, lovers of the sun and warmth continue to sparkle in it with bright colors: petunias, tagetes, nasturtium, dahlias, gilia, lavater, gypsophila, chrysanthemum, verbena, gatsania, antirrrum, alissums, lobelia, tobacco, begonias, nemesia and many other species and varieties, not all of them.

Many gardeners do not grow annuals due to lack of time and space for seedlings. But one should pay tribute to the beauty and abundance of their flowering, which begins in April - May (depending on the timing of growing seedlings) and lasts until the cold weather, and in some cold-resistant species (alissum, asters, lobelia, chrysanthemum, brachycoma, verbena, gatsania, helium, godetia, dimorphoteka, sweet peas, calendula, decorative cabbage, limnantes, snapdragon, nemesia, nolana, petunia, mignonette, schizanthus, winged tobacco, Drummond phlox, seaside cineraria) - and in the cold days of September - October.

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Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August


Perennials bloom, maybe not so brightly and for a long time, but they do not require much care, they need to be planted once, and they will never part with you. The variety of species and varieties of perennial flowering plants makes it relatively easy to create a garden of continuous flowering.

They have one more undoubted advantage: many species are very plastic by nature and can grow and bloom well under the crowns of fruit trees and berry bushes, putting up with the lack of light and retaining their decorative effect.

Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August


So, in August, many species of perennials continue to bloom, which began in July (and some even in June).

These include nodule aconite, antemis dyeing (pupavka), hybrid astilbe, Italian aster, aster Frikarta, sternum aster, Achillea ptarmica, heart-shaped bokconia, woolly cow parsnip, cornflowers - whitewashed, mountainous, beautiful, oriental, large-headed; heather, hybrid Gaillardia, helianthus (sunflower), dahlias, elecampane (inula), hybrid delphinium, willow loosestrife (litrum), Gebler's wort, bells - Carpathian, pyramidal, broadleaf; scepter mullein, daylily, medicinal burnet, perennial flax, liatris, hybrid lily, linaria (flax), mallow (mallow), maurandia, small petals (erigeron), monarda double and tubular, mordovnik (echianopsia) (napa) chamomile garden), sedums (stonecrops), rudbeckia hybrid and split-leaved "Golden Ball", bluehead,Caucasian scabiosa, peacock tigridia, paniculata phlox, funkia (hosta), hops, hellebore - white, black, Californian; cimicifuga (black cohosh), edelweiss, evening primrose (primrose), purpurea echinacea, maned barley.

Other perennials that are just beginning to bloom, which will last until frosts and even a little after them, also bring their colors and shapes to the August garden palette.

Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August

Shrub aster

An indispensable participant in the autumn carnival is the shrub aster (a. Dumosus) sem. Astrovich, which blooms from August to frost with lilac-pink, purple inflorescences - baskets (central tubular flowers are yellow) up to 3 cm in diameter on low bushes (20 - 50 cm by varieties) of surprisingly regular spherical shape, formed independently, without the participation of the gardener, but in good light. There are varieties with a different color of narrow ligulate flowers: white, pink, lilac-blue, lilac. The culture is unpretentious, but it works best in fertile areas without waterlogging. Propagated by dividing the bush in spring or early summer.

It is difficult to imagine a garden without autumn helenium (the Astrov family). Its slender, up to 180 cm high bush consists of many strong stems branched at the top with a whole bouquet of inflorescences - baskets of bright yellow or reddish brown, bronze color. In group plantings against the background of a lawn, helenium is an unsurpassed soloist of the autumn garden. At the same time, the plant grows successfully in the near-stem circles of fruit trees in partial shade, becoming taller due to lack of light.

Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August

Sedum, sedum

By its nature, helenium is photophilous, requires sufficient moisture and fertile soils. All parts are replaced annually in the fall: in the place of the mother rhizome, independent daughter buds of renewal with their roots and rhizome develop. The underground parts of the plant grow upward, so autumn mulching with humus, lime peat, compost is required. Divide and transplant helenium every 3-4 years. In the middle and northwestern strip, helenium bears fruit well.

Seeds are sown before winter (October - November) in a garden bed to a depth of 1.5 - 2 cm or in spring, at the beginning of summer, after freezing them in the freezer for 15-20 days before sowing. Seedlings dive at a distance of 4-5 cm. During the summer season they are given several liquid dressings (Uniflor-growth, 1 cap per 2 liters of water).

In August, the grown outlets are planted in a permanent place, after filling the soil with humus, compost soil with the addition of a tablespoon of ash or several crystals of long-acting (2-3 years) complex fertilizer AVA for each plant. According to this technology, most perennials are grown from seeds in the middle and north-western lane: aquilegia, anemones, helenium, doronicum, incarvillea, kandyk, lychnis, pulzatilla, paradisia, veris primroses, cortuzoides, avricula; trollius (swimsuit), sage, echinacea, etc. Small-seeded species are best grown through seedlings in small containers at home or in a greenhouse, this will allow you to carefully care for the crops, protect them from slugs and get the maximum seedling yield.

Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August


One of the most famous autumn species, blooming in August, is the cultivated dahlia (family Compositae) of hybrid origin and a wide variety of colors (except pure blue) and forms of inflorescences - baskets.

They bloom in July - September, they are divided into 11 groups according to the structure, size and shape of the flower. There are simple, semi-double and double types of inflorescences. The height of plants can be from 40 cm to 2 m. The so-called casing dahlias of medium height with semi-double, anemone-shaped inflorescences are especially elegant in the garden. They do not require a garter, are good in bedclothes and bands at the forefront. The culture is thermophilic, needs a sunny location, but tolerates light partial shade. The soil must be nutritious, well-drained (moist soils are not good!). Fertilize with complex fertilizers with a good dose of potassium (Kemira - flower or universal, 80-100 g per m2 per season).

Tall plants are tied up. Wilted inflorescences must be removed, which prolongs flowering and eliminates the danger of gray rot disease. After the first freeze, the aboveground part of the bush is cut off and the root tubers are dug up. They are washed with water to remove soil, dried in a cool and ventilated place to cork the peel. They are cleaned from the remnants of the earth and stored indoors at a temperature of 4 ° C until spring. In the spring, root tubers are divided into separate parts with several eyes on each and planted for growing in pots or boxes. They are planted in open ground when the soil warms up (late May - early June). Dahlias are very thermophilic, with the threat of frost, sprouted stems are covered in spring with a film, lutrasil.

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Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August


Gladiolus hybrid (family Iris) is a whole "country" in floriculture, for many gardeners - the most favorite flower, which has almost all colors, except pure blue.

Briefly, it can be recalled that in the modern classification there are 5 main groups of these plants in accordance with the flower shape and other characteristics: large-flowered hybrids 90-120 cm high, with triangular-shaped flowers 10-18 cm in diameter and an inflorescence length of 40-50 cm; butterfly-shaped hybrids 60-90 cm high with flowers 5-10 cm in diameter, corrugated, closely located on the stem, with a brighter coloration of the throat, resembling a butterfly in shape; primrose hybrids 50-90 cm high, with a loose arrangement of flowers about 8 cm in diameter on the stem, a characteristic feature - the upper petal looks like a hood; miniature hybrids are similar to primrose ones, reaching a height of no more than 50 cm, flowers are often corrugated or fringed, 5 cm in diameter; wild species of gladiolus with graceful sparsely arranged flowers,most often grown Byzantine gladiolus with a height of about 100 cm, with crimson or red flowers, and Colville gladiolus with different color of flowers by varieties and a height of about 60 cm. Each group has many magnificent varieties.

Gladiolus requires warm, sunny locations and nutritious, loose soil with sufficient moisture (moist and dry areas are not suitable). Fertilizers are used with a large dose of potassium. High grades need a garter. Propagated by daughter corms, which are dug out after flowering and the first frost in September. The stems are cut, leaving 5 cm of stumps, when the leaves turn yellow, they are dried at a temperature of 25-28 ° C.

After 2-3 weeks, the baby is separated from the adult corms, placed in paper bags. Planting material is stored in a dry ventilated room at a temperature of about 5 ° C, preferably in a box with a mesh bottom, regularly examining and removing diseased corms. Corms are planted in April - May (when the soil is ready for processing) to a depth of 8-10 cm, often already germinated at home in pots to accelerate flowering.

Of interest are the giant Sakhalin and Baldzhuan mountaineers (family Buckwheat) up to 3 m high (the last one is a vine up to 6 m). Winter-hardy overgrown plants quickly create lush groups, while in August (sometimes from the end of July) they bloom with whitish or pinkish branching brushes of small flowers. Highlanders can grow as hedges, decorate outbuildings, compost containers, etc. The Baldzhuan highlander perfectly decorates gazebos, walls, fences. Highlanders thrive on loose, nutritious soils, endure shade, bloom profusely in the sun. Propagated by them by seeds, cuttings, offspring.

Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August

Bumblebee on goldenrod

Goldenrod (solidago) canadian, hybrid (family Compositae) - one of the most unpretentious and resistant perennial plants in our area. In August - September, it blooms with large fluffy panicles of bright yellow color with a honey smell.

The height of these slender stems, creating good wings and hedges, ranges from 50 to 150 cm. The wonderful cut retains its decorative effect in dry bouquets and serves as a good basis for winter compositions. Photophilous, but tolerates partial shade. The rest is unpretentious. Propagated by dividing the bush. There are varieties and garden forms.

One of the rare, but the most exquisite plants of this flowering time - Korean chrysanthemum (family Compositae). This is the only type of chrysanthemum wintering with light shelter in the Northwest. The varieties of the group of Korean chrysanthemums differ in terms of flowering (August - October), height (25-100 cm), structure and size of inflorescences, color of marginal reed and central tubular flowers.

Perennials blooming in August
Perennials blooming in August

Yarrow, achilles

Small-flowered varieties with inflorescences up to 10 cm in diameter are more common: non-double (1-2 rows of reed flowers), semi-double (3 or more rows), double. Reed flowers are white, lilac-pink, golden-yellow, reddish-brown, bronze with yellow tubular in the center. There are many varieties, including those of domestic selection: Alyonushka, Zlata, Amber, Cinderella, Dreams, Autumn Abundance, Koreyanka, New Korean, etc.

The Korean chrysanthemum prefers a sunny location - after all, it blooms in autumn, when the nights are cold, and only the sun and heated stones nearby can warm it and give it the opportunity to bloom profusely. The soil should be fertile with moderate moisture and good drainage.

It is an extremely drought-resistant crop that does not succumb to diseases and pests. Growing it is easy and affordable. In the spring, as for all perennial crops, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers without embedding in the soil is required (urea, saltpeter - 20-30 g per m2). Then, as the shoots grow, they are pinched 2-3 times before the beginning of July or cut into cuttings 8-10 cm long.

Top dressing with full fertilizer with microelements is carried out on average every 10-14 days. If the chrysanthemum grows poorly and branches, until the middle of summer, you can alternate growth feeding (Uniflor-growth, 1 cap per 2 liters of water) with fertilizer for flowering (Uniflor-bud in the same dose).

Korean chrysanthemum is propagated vegetatively: by dividing the bushes, root shoots, cuttings (in the southern regions - and seeds). Cuttings root easily in water (you just need to darken the bottom of the cuttings by wrapping the vessel with dark paper or film), or in sand. You can also take flowering shoots for cuttings at the end of the season. In this case, the rooted cuttings are planted in pots and kept at home as mother plants, cutting chrysanthemums from early spring.

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