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Video: Preparing The Garden For Winter In Late Autumn
Site preparation for winter
The real owner has a lot of urgent things to do in the garden in late autumn. It will be about plots of any area and any degree of cultivation. Gardeners in the fall need to do the work without which they would be unthinkable:
- normal harvest of fruit and berry crops in the new season;
- original, inherent only to the style chosen by the owners of the site, the type, shape and size of ornamental plants;
- the ability of the soil to reproduce existing plantings and susceptibility to innovations, regardless of the purpose (harvest, interesting design, exotic plants).
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So, the first thing to do: if, after the rains in August, September, October, the paths on your "hacienda" are not blurred, do not read this paragraph of the events. If this nevertheless happened to you, then follow the direction of the streams and, in accordance with the relief of the site, dig, depending on the slope, ditches 15-30 cm wide at the bottom, 25-50 cm at the top, 50-70 cm deep. the steeper the slope, the larger the section of the trench. Trim the edges and bottom of the ditch with medium-sized cobblestones placed in a mixture of lime (cement) and sand with a mallet. It will be nice and functional.
Suppose that your site is so small, for example, it has an area of 6 acres, that the loss of 10 square meters of area is unacceptable for you, and the site needs to be drained. In addition, new tests are coming in the future - spring melting of snow, floods, etc. In this case, fill the entire volume of the drain with crushed stone with a fraction of 20-40 mm, cover with a fertile layer of soil and, depending on the thoroughness of the work done, plant a decorative shrub on top, if the drainage runs parallel to the fence (you get a hedge) or sow with grass; arrange a rabatka, an elongated rockery, but in no case plant conifers or fruit plants, since after a few years the drainage may need to be repaired, and replanting trees will be difficult or impossible.
The second thing to consider. The plot has been drained, tidied up, and the fall, as it happened in our Leningrad region, is late and not very cold. Do not plant everything, although the choice of seedlings in any direction, especially in Primorsky, Vyborgsky, Priozersky, is large and varied. Treat the planting carefully and conform not only to your desires, but also to the logic of the site arrangement.
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Without trying to grasp the immensity and planning the seats in advance, plant berries at the end of September - October without problems: gooseberries, yoshta, red and black currants, honeysuckle, viburnum, chokeberry; fruit trees - only in containers, only from trusted suppliers, only zoned varieties; conifers - also only in containers and without fail having previously familiarized themselves with the material not from neighbors in the village, but by talking with the manager of the seller, with a specialist in landscape design, an agronomist with experience in the North-West region. Otherwise, it is inevitable: planting attacks by 70-100%, especially of large-sized ones, the cost of new planting material, the interruption of new seats. In short, a miser pays not twice, but three times.
Fill the land for fruit crops with potash-phosphorus fertilizers, and for conifers - well-rotted manure or compost with the addition of Kemira-agro. Do not forget to water all new plantings before winter.
Thirdly, mow the lawn for the last time, moreover, not lower than 5-6 cm. Do not leave the cut grass in place - not harvested, it melts and ruins the young aftermath. Aerate the lawn with a pitchfork, thorns, and a special lawn mower device. Sprinkle light sandy loam soil (0.5-1 cm) filled with complex mineral fertilizer, sow the bald spots.
The fourth thing to do. In the garden, cares are traditional for autumn. The trunks must be cleaned in dry weather, the hollows must be sealed, previously disinfected with copper or iron sulfate. Whitewash them simultaneously with the first night frosts.
Fifth important thing. Feed the hedge in accordance with the species of shrubs and, if it is more than a year old, carry out its formation at the end of September-October, while removing dry, diseased, broken, poorly located branches. Make sure to follow the preparation of conifers planted this season for winter.
Pay attention to constant, but not excessive soil moisture. In July of this year, 108 fir trees of approximately one meter height were planted as a hedge in the cottage village Greenside, near Kamenka. The plants were selected in the forest, both from the thicket and from the glades, so the root system, density and color of the needles were completely different. The landing was carried out in two days. Nevertheless, thanks to the rains and one root feeding, the trees gave a small increase in September, and none of them dropped their legs. If frosts do not come soon, and they come after the snow falls, then you can count on a high (70-80%) planting survival rate.
Consultations on the improvement and gardening of your site, planting and caring for an orchard, improving the quality of the fertile layer can be obtained by calling: 722-77-26, 723-25-95, + 7-911-219-72-54.