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Video: How To Grow A Good Harvest Of Cucumbers
What agricultural technique and varieties of cucumbers to choose for a stable harvest
In recent years, the weather has not provided good conditions for obtaining significant harvests of cucumbers. Sharp changes in temperature and humidity adversely affect the growth and development of the cucumber sissy, and even the most resistant, elite varieties and hybrids are subject to this.
The cucumber is affected by various diseases and does not justify the hopes for the harvest, since the plants have an insufficient powerful root system. Cucumbers require very nutritious soil, but, according to my observations, they give the best harvest in the second year after a thorough application of manure. On soil poorly fertilized with old humus, they grow poorly, they are infertile. How often, alas, it happens that after the first picking of cucumbers, the lashes of the plants stop developing, fade and dry out, despite the most careful care.
I believe that, first of all, it is necessary to choose the appropriate varieties for open ground, which are more resistant to weather conditions - heat, heavy rains, lower temperatures. For example, in my garden, cucumber varieties have been producing a good harvest in the last three years: Shanghai, Pet, Cascade, Haba, Lotus, Legend, Merchant, Solnechny, Nightingale, Resistant, Teacher.
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If you do not have the conditions for growing seedlings, then it is better to sow the cucumbers directly into the ground. Usually we sow them on our site in three terms: April 20-25, May 3-8, May 20-25. If the spring turned out to be warm, without frost, then the cucumbers of the early sowing terms worked better; if the spring was cold, and the autumn, on the contrary, was long and warm, then late plantings won. We usually sow with dry seeds in moist soil.
In varieties with a female flowering type, fruits are formed on the main stem and on the branches. In other varieties, male flowers appear on the main stem first, and the main crop is formed on the branches, that is, on the side branches. Therefore, over the third leaf, the top is pinched for the fastest regrowth of side shoots, but you need to know that this operation delays the appearance of the first cucumbers by 5-7 days.
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Watering with water infused with chicken droppings has a very good effect on growth and yield, especially if the cucumbers are sown on poor soil and grow poorly, slowly. After three such dressings, the plants grow merrily and give an ovary, and after 10-12 waterings the plants become as lush, green and productive as on fertile land. However, I know from experience that you can start feeding plants only when the cucumbers have at least one real adult leaf, and finish at the beginning of flowering and fruit setting.
Fertilizer should be applied winter, frozen, and fresh should be doused with boiling water and allowed to brew for 7-8 days in the air. We mulch the roots that are exposed during the growing season with humus, peat mixed with old sawdust or fertile soil with a layer of 3 cm.
In the literature, I met recommendations - to huddle cucumber plants. This should not be done. A cucumber is not a tomato, it grows poorly additional roots on the stems, and the stems can also rot. We do beddings very carefully, with light soils. So that the beds do not thicken, I cut the side shoots to a length of 30-40 cm. The shoots give the first cucumbers of the correct and beautiful shape only when the lashes have at least 7-8 knees with good large leaves.
Zelentsy on small and too young bushes with small and large leaves are small and not very beautiful in shape. In addition, early fruiting (before the proper number of knees and leaves has developed) negatively affects the growth of lashes and stops it. Therefore, for the correct growth of the bush, it is useful to pick off fruits growing near the ground, especially if the bush is young and weak, and the lashes are short and have only 2-3 knees.
When picking cucumbers, adult lashes should not be shifted from place to place, and especially turn them over differently than they are lying, since the leaves will again try to turn their faces towards the light, and this is a laborious task for them. As a result, the plants begin to turn yellow, the ovaries stop growing, the lash becomes infertile or completely sterile. If the cucumber lashes stretch and grow luxuriously, there are many barren flowers, but there are no ovaries, then the ends of the lashes need to be pinched. After the first pinching, the lateral leaf sinuses usually begin to expel twigs with ovaries. If this is not the case, the pinching can be repeated again until the ovaries appear.
Now I will tell you in more detail about some of our interesting, one might say, favorite varieties: Finger - the variety is recognized as the most promising crop in the new century. It is characterized by predominantly female flowering, due to which, in terms of yield, it is 2-3 times higher than standard varieties. Zelentsy is 10 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. They are ideal for canning.
The varieties Haba and Kit are the most disease-resistant, they have a very high immunity to fungal diseases of cucumbers.
Shanghai variety - fruits are large, cylindrical in shape, do not turn yellow for a long time. They are ideal for salads. This variety bears fruit until frost. Another interesting variety - Uchitelsky - of P. Ya. Saraev's selection. Its plants tolerate short-term spring frosts, it is heat-resistant in favorable summer. When it rains periodically, this variety can be grown without watering.
Variety Malysh - ultra-early ripening, bush, the length of the main lash is 30-40 cm, in the bosom of each leaf up to six ovaries are tied. Each plant is capable of producing up to 47 fruits of the gherkin type, 8-9 cm long. The Gherkin variety is similar to it.
We have high-yielding and disease-resistant varieties of American selection: Burnpless, Wisconsia, Little Leaf, Morovi Gherkin, Market, Mor, Olympian Yerli, Posamonte, Peninex, Picklishous, Perento, Poinset, SMP - 58, Sumter. The varieties of the Kuban selection Stepnoy and Tikhonovsky are good.
The named varieties of cucumbers have never let us down in any weather for 15 years, we have always been with the harvest.
Cucumber seeds remain viable for up to eight years, therefore, seed production can be done once every several years, replenishing your own seed fund. For gardeners who want to grow varieties of cucumbers that give a stable harvest in any weather, I can offer the seeds of the above varieties, as well as the seeds of many interesting vegetable, medicinal and floral plants. I am waiting for your envelope with o / a + 1 clean, I will send a catalog for orders. Write to: 353715, Krasnodar Territory, Kanevsky District, Art. Chelbasskaya, st. Kommunarov, 6 - Brizhan Valery Ivanovich.