Video: Growing Multi-tiered Onions
Winter is the time to get acquainted with new crops for the garden. Although the multi-tiered bow is probably familiar to someone, after all, more than a century has passed since it arrived in Russia.
It is strange that this culture has not received mass distribution. Most likely, this was due to the fact that the multi-tiered bow does not have a dormant period, and in warmer climates, it would probably vegetate continuously.
Before the start of shooting, the outward appearance of the multi-tiered onion bed is no different from the onion. Basal bulb of its oval, medium size, pungent taste, covered with purple or violet-red husk. Fisty leaves with a bluish waxy bloom, large, juicy, up to 80 cm long. Thus, the feather yield is 5 kg per 1 m², not counting the fact that the bulb of the multi-tiered onion is also quite conditioned.
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In place of the planted onion, a multi-tiered onion (like a onion) grows 2-3 replacement bulbs from the second year of growing season. But unlike onions, a multi-tiered onion can grow in one place without transplanting for 3-6 years, until it becomes cramped, because it is not afraid of frost and even in winters with little snow can withstand temperatures up to -40 ° C.
At first, the arrow looks a little like a garlic one, but then a continuation grows from its center, on which the second tier is formed, and then the third. Air onions are arranged in a circle of 4-10 pieces on each tier. At the very first, they are larger, almost from samples of onions, and on the subsequent ones they become smaller. But they are all equally viable, and while still on the maternal arrow, they are already releasing green leaves and growing the rudiments of roots.
Air bulbs ripen in early August and are no longer firmly attached to the arrow, and the arrow, under their weight, tends to lie on the ground - to plant its children. Therefore, at the time of shooting, it is necessary to make supports for the arrows and do not delay cleaning the children. By the time the air bulbs ripen, the underground replacement bulbs also finish their development and begin to expel green leaves. If at this moment you feed the onion and create additional conditions for it, then you will be provided with greens right up to the snow.
Both puffed bulbs and adult bulbs can be used for winter forcing green feathers in boxes on the windowsill or in a heated greenhouse by bridge planting. Since a multi-tiered bow does not have a dormant period, it starts growing immediately after disembarkation. The greens are removed when the feather is stretched to a height of 30 cm, together with the bulbs, or they are cut off, leaving 5 cm above the neck. With the latter method, you can get up to 20 kg of green feathers from 1 m² for the entire period of forcing.
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In the open field, multi-tiered onions can be grown in both perennial and annual crops. The land for planting it should be allocated fertile, with a slightly acidic reaction, without stagnant water, but sufficiently moist, clean of weeds, and, most importantly, freed from the snow as soon as possible. It is best to form ridges with a height of 10-20 cm, depending on the composition of the soil, and fill them with organic (1 bucket per running meter) and complex mineral fertilizers. Filling the soil should be thorough, especially if you plan to grow multi-tiered onions in a perennial crop and get not only greens from it, but also a harvest of air bulbs.
Small onions can be planted with two to three-line ribbons. The distance between the ribbons is 50 cm, between the lines in the ribbon - 20-25 cm, between the bulbs in a row - 10 cm.The planting depth is 2-3 cm from the top of the bulb to the soil surface, large ones are planted a little deeper, small ones - a little shallower. Planting time can be any, onions take root well even in the middle of summer, when they are propagated by dividing an adult bush. The main thing is that it has time to take root well before frost. For better rooting, regular watering is carried out until the first leaves appear.
In the spring, after the snow has melted, the remnants of last year's dead leaves should be removed from the garden bed, loosened between the rows of onions and fertilized with a solution of mineral nitrogen fertilizer or a solution of organic fertilizer. Subsequent fertilizing is carried out after cutting the greens with nitrogen and potash fertilizers, instead of potash fertilizers, ash can be used - in a liter can per running meter of the ridge. If you cover the plantings of multi-tiered onions with foil in the spring, then the harvest of green feathers can be obtained two weeks earlier.
Air bulbs can not be planted in the year they were harvested, but saved until spring. To do this, well-ripened, but not sprouted onions are dried in a draft and folded in mesh, cloth or paper bags and stored in a dry, cool place with good ventilation until planting. Air bulbs keep well even at sub-zero temperatures (but not lower than -15 °).
Oddly enough, but at the moment only one variety of multi-tiered onions has been zoned, but there are quite a few local varieties of populations, stable and fruitful, so the lover still has plenty to choose from.
I wish this useful and productive viviparous onion to appear in your garden.
Also read: Multi-tiered bow, useful properties, agricultural technology →
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