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Video: Thyme Ordinary - Medicinal And Spicy Perennial Plant
A spicy herb of thyme, widely used in medicine and cooking
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) is a medicinal and spicy perennial plant. It is also called rosemary, incense, thyme, Bogorodskaya grass, as well as lemon scent, hog pepper, muhonal, zhadobny. The scientific name of the genus "thymus" comes from the word "thymos" in translation from Greek means "strength", "spirit" - in its stimulating effect. Thyme was valued even among the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. From them, the cultivation and use of thyme spread.
The ancient Egyptians used it to embalm corpses. Thyme creeping in ancient Greece was very popular. The ancient Greeks dedicated this plant to the goddess Aphrodite and sacrificed to her: the grass was burned in a sacrificial fire. In ancient Greece, Mount Hymethos was famous for its amazing honey, which bees collected from the thyme growing in large quantities on its slopes. This plant was revered by the Greeks as the personification of hard work. In the Middle Ages, the image of thyme twigs surrounded by bees was a favorite decoration of knightly scarves. Even in the days of paganism, our ancestors threw bundles of this herb into the fire during sacrifices - fragrant smoke (incense) ascended to the sky, indicating that the sacrifice was accepted by the gods. Among the Slavs in the pagan period of their history, this herb was also thrown into the fire during sacrifices.In Central Europe, this plant appeared in the XI century AD. e. thanks to the monks.
It was famous for its aromatic properties among the ancient ancestors of the Slavs. They highly appreciated the taste and medicinal properties of thyme. The main suppliers of thyme at present are: Spain, Bulgaria, Austria, North African countries, Russia, Moldova, Ukraine. The highest quality thyme comes from France.
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The value of thyme
All types of thyme have a very pleasant strong aroma. The plant contains up to 12% essential oil, the main part of which (20-40%) is thymol - a rare bactericidal substance similar to menthol, as well as carvacrol, terpenes - cymene, borneol, linalool, pinene, cingiberin. In addition to essential oil, triterpenes are found in the herb - ursolic and oleanolic acids, flavonoids and tannins.
Thyme is a wonderful honey plant, so there are always a lot of butterflies, bees and bumblebees near it. The herb is used as a spice, which is mown before flowering. Fresh and dried thyme is used as a seasoning for stir-fry, sauces, pickled fish, vegetables and salads.
In addition, it is used like marjoram in the preparation of dishes from peas and beans, in the salting of cucumbers and tomatoes, in the manufacture of various sausages. In Spain, Greece, Turkey, thyme essential oil is used for pickling olives.
The use of thyme in medicine
Thyme is used as an expectorant and bactericidal agent for bronchitis and diseases of the upper respiratory tract in the form of an infusion or liquid extract. It helps dissolve mucus.
In the pharmaceutical industry, thyme is used for the preparation of syrups, extracts, decoctions, medicinal teas. An essential oil is obtained from the herb, which is used for the manufacture of various preparations - water for rinsing the mouth, tooth powders and pastes, medical soaps, cough medicines and to strengthen and calm the central nervous system. Its extract is a part of the drug "Pertussin", prescribed for diseases of the upper respiratory tract, accompanied by cough, with whooping cough.
Thyme is used as an expectorant and disinfectant for bronchitis, bronchiectasis, pneumonia (in the form of a decoction or herb infusion); for colds, an infusion is often prepared from an equal amount of thyme herb and marshmallow root. In folk medicine, thyme is used for poor digestion, as a diuretic and fortifying the stomach, as well as for coughs, chest pains, insomnia. It is recommended to drink the infusion before meals to improve digestion, especially with increased gas formation and bloating in the intestines, as well as with hemorrhoids.
Outwardly, the herb is used to flavor baths for diseases associated with metabolism, and in the form of compresses and lotions - as a wound healing agent and for eye diseases. Thyme is used to disinfect the mucous membranes of the mouth, pharynx, pharynx, in case of fungal skin diseases, in particular epidermophytosis, as an anthelmintic and to suppress the fermentation process in the intestine. As a diaphoretic, immediately drink a glass of hot sweetened infusion. For flu, acute respiratory diseases, colds, thyme is brewed like tea and taken hot with one teaspoon of honey. It works very well if it is drunk already in bed before going to bed.
Thyme is effective as a pain reliever and sedative for headaches, insomnia, sciatica, and neuralgia. As an external irritant and pain reliever - for myositis, arthritis, radiculitis (in the form of compresses from a strong infusion), for inflammatory and ulcerative lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth, rinse the mouth with a decoction or infusion, and for ulcers, wounds, abscesses and inflammation of the eyelids, apply lotions. For nervous diseases, rheumatism, skin rashes, baths are made from thyme herb infusion at the rate of 50 g of grass per bucket of boiling water.
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The use of thyme in cooking
Thyme has a pleasant strong aroma, its taste is sharp, strongly spicy, bitter.
Thyme gives a pleasant taste to dishes and promotes better digestion. It is advisable to add thyme to all fatty dishes: potatoes, fried in lard, to scrambled eggs, meat fillings and hearty soups. Thyme enhances the flavor of bean, lentil and pea soup and potato salads. It works well for light sauces.
Thyme is a popular smoked spice that goes well with pork and lamb, pâtés, mushrooms, cottage cheese, game and cheeses. In a very small amount, it is added to fried fish, liver, offal and veal. Fresh and dry thyme is used in pickling cucumbers and tomatoes. In small doses, it goes into vegetable and meat soups, in large doses - in fish dishes and minced fish. When frying fish, it is rolled in a mixture of breading and thyme (1: 2). Thyme can be sprinkled on cheese.
Thyme: cultivation, medicinal and culinary properties