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Video: Winter Planting Of Onions
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 11:24
And I also want to share the experience of planting onions in the winter, which is not yet very popular with our gardeners. In my opinion, it is very convenient, economical and profitable.
For winter planting, I use wild oat. These are bulbs with a diameter of 5 to 10 mm. In addition to the usual onions, I also plant "white" salad onions, but I refused from the "red" onions, since it overwinters badly and often "goes into the arrow". I prepare the soil for planting onions thoroughly enough, since in autumn there is enough time for this.
I dig it to a depth of 25-30 cm with the simultaneous introduction of dolomite flour and complete mineral fertilization. I define the planting time in such a way that 30 days pass from the time of planting to the onset of stable frosts, since during this period the bulbs should take root well. The dates practically coincide with the time of planting tulips.
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The planting pattern for such bulbs is common for seeding: 15-20 cm row spacing and 5-6 cm between the bulbs. For lovers of green onions, planting should be done more densely (after 2-3 cm). Such onions are removed as needed.
When the air temperature drops to -5 ° C for several days, I cover the plantings with fallen leaves with a layer of 10-15 cm. This allows not only to protect the onions from freezing, but also during late autumn thaws under cover, the ground does not thaw, and the bulbs overwinter perfectly.
In early spring, at the end of April, I remove the shelter, sprinkle ammonium nitrate right on the ground and cover it with lutrasil. After thawing the soil, I carry out loosening with the introduction of full mineral fertilizer.
Onions grow remarkably, during the growing season I feed the beds with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer with trace elements. You can start harvesting in late July - early August.
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There are many positive aspects to this growing method:
1. During an autumn planting, when there is already enough free time, all work can be done without haste.
2. Very little planting material is needed, since the bulbs are very small. For example, just 300 grams is enough for me.
3. In terms of yield, wild oat is not inferior to sevka at all, and often surpasses it in yield;
4. Sevok is often affected by recurrent frosts, and bulbs of a sub-winter planting period endure frosts down to -5 ° C without visible harm.
5. Leaves and roots of onions grow well at a temperature of 18-20 ° C, and at a higher temperature, their growth slows down, and such weather conditions just correspond to our springs.
6. To obtain full-fledged bulbs, it is very important to have sufficient soil moisture in the first half of the growing season and the dry period before harvesting. And such weather coincides in terms of time in our North-West with the spring-summer period, since it often rains in August.
7. Usually, by the beginning of summer, the stocks of last year's harvest come to an end, and here the wild oat onion helps out.
8. Onions grown using this technology are stored for a long time, I have enough of them until the new year.
9. The average weight of the bulbs is from 80 to 150 grams, although there are some specimens and much larger.
10. Sufficiently early harvesting of onions allows sowing green manure, which contributes to the restoration of the humus layer of the soil, and you can re-grow the harvest of daikon or radish on this ridge.
In my opinion, growing onions in this way has a number of undeniable advantages and allows you to get full yields of this popular crop among gardeners.