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Video: Pumpkin "Pastila Champagne"
Read the previous part. ← How do I grow carrots on loam
Pumpkin "Pastila Champagne"
Pumpkin "Pastila Champagne"
And now I want to tell you about the opening of this season - a climbing pumpkin Pastila Champagne. Low bow to everyone who helped me get the seeds of this amazing pumpkin: last season they were not in any St. Petersburg store.
With great difficulty they were found in Moscow, and I became the happy owner of two seeds. But of the two, only one emerged, so trembling over him was not the right word. But he got it too.
Mom took the pumpkin seedlings brought to the country for a cucumber and planted it in a greenhouse with the rest of the cucumbers! I noticed only a week later that there was not enough Pastila in the general pile of pumpkins. It was almost hysterical. As a result, only in the middle of June I dropped her off to a permanent place. There was no place where I planned to plant, so I decided to experiment.
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In a heap with last year's manure, covered with a film, I made a large hole - 20 liters, cutting through the film. I covered it with compost and transplanted the poor baby. She went into growth much later than everyone else, therefore, apparently, she did not have time to show herself in full glory. She would have another half a month or a month … Then, probably, I would have endowed all the neighbors with fruits.
This is what grew out of one small seed. And in the thickets of leaves such beauties ripened. The pumpkins were harvested on a cart.
There were a lot of small pumpkins - they didn't have enough time. But I'm not complaining. And I ate it raw - it tasted amazing. And the smell when it was cut was generally breathtaking - the whole apartment was fragrant with the aroma of melon honey. The child eats porridge with her at any time - just offer it. They caught up a lot of juice - with apples and blackberry. It turned out such yummy that it didn't last long. In a word, Pastila Champagne is an amazing find for all connoisseurs of such a wonderful culture as pumpkin.
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Figure: 10. Pumpkin "Pastila Champagne"
Several times in my story, I mentioned the tools and preparations that helped to obtain such a crop and which make up a single whole with the agricultural technology of natural farming. I'll start with the tools. Since childhood, I have a reverent attitude towards them. The first shovel, which was given to me at the age of five, I still work in the country. We have a site relatively recently - the fourth season, I do not have the man's strength to cultivate the land, so the question immediately arose about a suitable garden tool.
Having waved the first season with a shovel, I realized: this is not mine. From that moment, the search began. Three years ago I was very lucky - from a brochure about EM technologies I learned about the existence of the Strizh pololniks and another instrument from the Kozma series. One glance at the stand with these tools in the AgroEm store was enough to understand: this is what I need.
This instrument was invented and patented about seven years ago by the physicist Boris Kozmenko. Unfortunately, it is still difficult to find it on the open market. The uniqueness of the entire series is that the entire tool is made of high carbon steel with self-sharpening blades.
Today this series has more than 15 positions, but having tried almost everything, I would like to tell you about my favorites.
Many amateur gardeners now refuse to dig the earth - some for health reasons, some consciously, realizing that deep digging violates the structure of the soil.
To date, I perform almost all the main work on the ground with the "Kozma" flat cutter. This is the preparation of all beds, without exception, for sowing, post-harvest tillage (before sowing green manure). Cutting and embedding the siderates themselves, loosening the soil under bushes and in other hard-to-reach places. Cutting weeds along the fence of the house, on the paths. I even cultivate a potato field with it !!! For example, this small flower bed (see photo 13) was also made by "Kozma" - here he is, in the background, resting.
Figure: 11. Pumpkin harvest
I have many of these "lazy" beds all over the site. It is done very simply - you cut off the sod "Kozmoy", limit the area of the future flower bed with a curb, fill in a layer of half-rotted compost, then a layer of fertile soil. All this is covered with thick black spunbond and mulched with coconut substrate.
When planting flowers - lilies are planted here - an incision is made on the spunbond, then a hole, more earth is poured, if necessary, and the plant itself is planted. Everything is very fast and simple. At first, the neighbors were very wary of "Kozma", then they began to ask to try …
Now everyone works only for him. A little bit of tar: the tool is amazing, but don't flatter yourself that it will work for you. For cutting turf, cleaning paths, etc. you still need strength. The merit of the tool is that it is much easier to work on your own - your body's weight works, and it itself is quite sharp - with a laser sharpening.
For two years now I have been working with Kozma, and for the entire time of operation in the harsh conditions of my site, the tool is as sharp as on the first day.
And now a few words about the drugs that I use. For the prevention of diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms, I use the drug Extrasol - the development of the All-Union Research Institute of Agriculture of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences. This drug is a pure bacterial culture in the form of a liquid suspension, suppresses the development of a very wide range of diseases, incl. various kinds of rot, due to the colonization of the soil with useful microflora.
Also, this drug has the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, synthesize growth hormones and vitamins, convert phosphorus compounds and trace elements into accessible forms. Since it is intended mainly for prevention, it must be used regularly. I start spraying the strawberries two weeks after planting, and I spray until the end of the season at two-week intervals.
In addition, I play an important role in the care of the homeopathic remedy "Healthy Garden". Let's consider its action using the example of strawberries. I have been engaged in this culture for five years, and from the very beginning not a single year passes without a visit from a weevil. I am a supporter of organic farming, so traditional measures to combat this pest, to put it mildly, are not suitable for me. It is especially difficult to read when, in order to prevent the appearance of a weevil, it is recommended to spray the plants every week with Intavir during the first half of the growing season …
Figure: 12. Pololnik Kozma
In order to learn how to suppress the number of pests, it is necessary, first of all, to understand why pests attack a particular culture. In the brochure of the authors of the preparation "Healthy Garden" V. S. Kovalenko and T. V. Kovalenko and gardener-practitioner G. A. Kizima, a very simple and understandable explanation is given: "The fact is that healthy plants quickly synthesize the protein necessary for plants, to build up your body, especially the leaf apparatus.
But in weakened plants, synthesis is slow for one reason or another. The plant mainly produces carbohydrates. … Pests, both insects and mites, feed mainly on carbohydrates. … By normalizing the balance between carbohydrates and proteins in the cell sap of plants, thereby protecting plants from attack by pests."
Plants always come out somewhat weakened after winter. This is completely normal and natural. In addition, in spring there is sometimes a very strong discrepancy between soil and air temperature, i.e. the photosynthetic apparatus is already working in full force, and the roots are still dormant. This also leads to a protein-carbohydrate imbalance, because the root system plays an important role in the work of the protein apparatus of the cell.
Figure: 13. Lazy flower bed
I learned all these seemingly common truths relatively recently. And a few years ago I bought this drug at an exhibition rather out of curiosity and respect for homeopathy in general. After treatment with the "Healthy Garden", protein synthesis is activated in plants, its amount in the cell sap increases, and the carbohydrate content decreases.
But this drug gives results only with systematic treatments. I use it on the plants once a month, starting with the snow melt. This year, I am going to reduce the intervals between treatments in the spring to one week, thereby refusing to use another drug that I also had to use - phytoverma. They stop two things - the third class of hazard of the drug (phytotoxicity for fish and bees), which means that the treatments automatically disappear during flowering.
And also its safety for humans. The instructions say that it is absolutely safe for humans, why, then, after processing, vegetables and fruits can be used only after two, and according to some reports, even after twenty days!