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Growing Exotic Species And Varieties Of Corn
Growing Exotic Species And Varieties Of Corn

Video: Growing Exotic Species And Varieties Of Corn

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Growing corn plants in the wild, Survival instinct, Wilderness alone, Episode 87 2023, February
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Corn
Corn

Pearl grade

So different corn

Corn
Corn

Black Waxy Corn variety

Corn is considered one of the most ancient cultivated plants on Earth. It is a very important food plant, second only to wheat and rice in terms of distribution and production.

The birthplace of corn is Central and South America. According to scientists, the Mexicans have been cultivating this valuable plant for more than 7000 years. There is no doubt that corn is a valuable crop. Its stems and leaves are used to feed cattle, poultry, rabbits, and muskrats. Or, after shredding, they are used as bedding for small animals, or as mulch.

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Corn
Corn

White Dacota variety

Rural residents and gardeners grow corn on the plots mainly to obtain young ears, the grain of which is consumed in a state of transition to waxy ripeness - boiled, baked or canned. They are delicious and healthy.

Corn on the site can be easily grown, it is unpretentious to care for. True, she loves warmth, the sun, therefore, unfortunately, not in all regions of Russia it can be grown in the open field. But keen gardeners still manage to do this by growing corn through seedlings or in a greenhouse, or even better - combining both of these options. And they get juicy sweet cobs both in the Urals (there is such information) and near St. Petersburg.

Corn
Corn

Variety Early pink glow

Sowing timing is extremely important. We sow corn in the first ten days of April. If the weather does not allow, you can postpone to a later time. But no later than the first ten days of May, since with a later sowing, the plants will not have time to build up the green mass before the onset of a steady heat.

As a result, growth slows down; on a hot summer day, due to a lack of moisture, immature plants stand with leaves twisted into a tube. They grow weak, short, with pale green foliage - in general, it is pointless to wait for a good harvest. At the same time, corn seedlings can withstand short-term frosts down to -5 ° C (maximally hilled plants).

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Corn
Corn

Strawberry variety

The area for corn should be sunny, and the soil should be well loosened. The case when a seed was placed in untreated dense soil, making a hole, and then waiting for the harvest, will not work with it.

Before sowing, the soil must be loosened. A day after loosening the soil, we proceed to cutting shallow ditches. The distance between the rows is 70 cm.Pre-soaked and treated from pests and fungal diseases (6-8 hours before sowing) seeds are sown at a distance of 5 cm from each other to a depth of 5-10 cm.

We do not thin out the emerging seedlings right away, we wait for the plants to reach a height of 20 cm. We thin out the grown plants so that the distance between them in a row is 30 cm.

Corn
Corn

Oaxacan red variety

At the same time we carry out weeding and loosening of row spacings. Immediately after thinning, we plant cowpea beans to the corn. As with all legumes, the cowpea has an asparagus shoulder blade that is long, green, and rich in nutrients. We prepare salads from them, preserve them - in general, we prepare the same dishes as from ordinary asparagus beans. Vigna tolerates shading well, so we have grown it together with corn for many years.

The plant is quite fruitful, therefore, in order to provide cowpea beans, say, such a family as ours - of 8 people, it is enough to have 20-30 bushes of this bean plant. In row spacings we sow it at a distance of 60-70 cm. In rows - 30 cm. 100-200 seeds are enough for 10 m2. Harvest the green beans as they ripen. For grain (seeds) - when the beans are completely dry.

It must be remembered that corn is responsive to moisture and feeding.

Corn
Corn

Mini Striped variety

When the corn and cowpea plants reach a height of 40 cm, we do one single feeding with ammonium nitrate. At the same time, we pour a pinch of fertilizer near each plant. In this case, the weeds must be weeded out beforehand. As soon as we have finished feeding, we carry out the only hilling. Further plant care is to remove weeds. As long as there is an opportunity to water, we water, especially during the extension of the corn brooms.

In order for the ear to be completely filled with grains, corn must be grown in several longitudinal rows, then the plants will be well cross-pollinated with the help of the wind.

Corn varieties

For several years now, we have been growing seven types of corn: waxy, waxy, puffed, denticulate, starchy, flint and sugar. I'll tell you about them:

Waxy Maize

Corn
Corn

Red arrow grade

A special type of corn, the starch of which contains only amylopectin (as opposed to ordinary starch, which also contains amylose). The main advantage of this starch is slow absorption, because it does not contain monosaccharides. Thanks to this, waxy corn starch helps to improve human performance and is recommended for diabetes.

Black Waxy Corn variety - mid- season (up to 100 days). This plant is up to 1.8 m high. The ears are 10 to 20 cm long, they are round-cylindrical with large emerald-black grains. Healthy corn, besides it is very tasty boiled.

White Dacota is an early maturing variety (up to 80 days). The plant is 1.7-1.85 cm high. The ears are up to 15 cm long, pyramidal in shape. The grain is medium-sized, white. It is an excellent variety for freezing grains, boiling and baking.

Early Pink Radiance is a very early variety (up to 60 days). The plant is 1.2-1.3 m high. The ears are pyramidal, up to 15 cm long. The grain is medium-sized, pink-lilac, sweet. This boiled corn is very tasty. The variety is interesting and very productive.

Waxy maize (Zea mays certain)

Corn
Corn

Variety Chudo yellow cone

It is a mutant of North American toothed varieties and Chinese bursting varieties. It is characterized by a two-layer endosperm. Its outer part is not transparent and resembles wax in appearance, but its hardness is not inferior to the vitreous endosperm of popcorn. The inner layer of the endosperm is mealy.

Endosperm starch consists of almost 100% amylopectin, which is highly sticky. Waxy maize has a rather narrow distribution area - it is most popular in China and has a very limited varietal diversity, and the varieties are close to each other in many economic and some morphological characteristics.

Кукуруза
Кукуруза

Variety Chudo red cone

Variety Strawberry - mid-season (80-90 days). Plants up to 180 cm high. The ear is thin, up to 22 cm long, the grain is sharp, medium-sized, somewhat reminiscent of rice, only of a dark red color. An excellent variety for obtaining corn flour, cereals, semolina, as well as grain for feeding livestock and poultry. This corn is also tasty when boiled in a milky-wax ripeness.

Oaxacan Red is a unique medicinal variety from North America. The plant is early maturing (up to 90 days), up to 2 m high. The ear is 18-25 cm long, round-cylindrical. Grain of medium size, red, contains many useful substances. Very sweet, tasty after boiling. This is an excellent variety for the production of cereals and flour.

Nacre variety - mid-season (up to 100 days). Plants up to 220 cm high. Cobs are round-pyramidal, up to 14 cm long. The grain is round-elongated, pearl-shaped, lilac-white, mother-of-pearl. An excellent variety for getting cereals. Boiled delicious.

Popcorn (Zea Mays L. SSP. Mays - Everta)

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Кукуруза

Blue Jade variety

One of the oldest. According to the structure of the caryopsis, it is divided into rice (has a beak-shaped top of the weevil) and pearl barley (has a rounded top of the weevil), as well as pearl (very small seeds). It is characterized by a high specific gravity of the vitreous endosperm. The mealy part of the endosperm is present only near the embryo.

In connection with this structure of storage starch in the endosperm cells of dry grain, when heated under the pressure of water vapor, the pericarp and the seed rind break through in starch spherocrystals and between them. At the same time, the endosperm turns out in the form of a loose, airy white powdery mass, and the grain increases greatly in volume. Hence the name of the subspecies.

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Кукуруза

Variety Indian giant

The caryopsis has a high protein content (16%), contains much more fat (20%) and protein, which allows this subspecies to be used in the production of cereals, flakes and other similar products. Bursting corn produces a large number of ears, has good tillering and leafiness. The ears are small with fine grain. The subspecies is represented by varieties with white, yellow, red, dark blue striped weevil.

Mini Striped is a high yielding variety from China. Plants up to 1.7 m high. Forms up to 5 ears on one plant, each 10-12 cm long, round-cylindrical. The grain is reniform, white-red-striped. Great tasty popcorn variety.

Кукуруза
Кукуруза

Ruby garnet variety

Красная стрела – раннеспелый высокоурожайный сорт из Китая (до 80 дней). Дружно формирует урожай. Растения высотой до 150 см, на каждом формируется до 5 початков. Початки крупные, длиной до 13 см. Зерно округло-вытянутое, перловидное, чёрно-бордово-красное. Отличный сорт для получения воздушных белых хлопьев и воздушной кукурузы.

Чудо шишка жёлтая – прекрасный высокоурожайный раннеспелый сорт из Китая (до 80 дней). Растения высотой до 1 м, кустистые. Формируют до 10 початков на одном растении. Початки длиной до 10 см, шишковидной формы. Зерно мелкое, вытянутое, жёлтое с белыми вкраплениями, рисовидное. Отличный сорт для получения белоснежных воздушных хлопьев.

Miracle red cone is a high-yielding early ripe variety (up to 80 days) from China. Plant up to 1 m high, bushy. Forms up to 10 ears on one bush. The ears are pineal, 10-13 cm long. The grain is pearl-shaped, dark red, of medium size. An excellent variety for producing crisp white flakes and popcorn.

Toothed corn (Zea mays indentata)

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Кукуруза

Mays Concho variety

The grain of this type of corn is large, elongated, flat. The endosperm on the sides of the caryopsis is horn-shaped, in the center and at the top it is mealy, friable. When ripe, a depression forms at the top of the grain. Toothed corn, among other groups, is the most widespread. Plants usually do not bush. The grain contains 70-75% starch, up to 15% protein, 3-6% fat.

This species is cultivated to obtain grain, which is then used for the production of flour, cereals, alcohol, and also as fodder for animal feed. In milky-wax ripeness contains 25% sugar, suitable for cooking, freezing. Most dent corn varieties are medium late. Distinguished by powerful stems, large ears, these varieties give a higher yield of silage and grain compared to early ripening varieties.

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Кукуруза

Thompson Profilic grade

Blue Jade – высокоурожайный сорт из Северной Америки. Он среднепоздний (до 120 дней). Растение высотой до 250 см, мощное. Початки округло-пирамидальные, длиной до 15-17 см. Зерно крупное, зубовидно-плоское, сине-розовой окраски с белыми вкраплениями. Отлично подходит для употребления в вареном виде. Зёрна содержат большое количество антоциана, предотвращающих развитие многих заболеваний – в онкологии, сердечно-сосудистых, сахарного диабета, давления. Очень вкусна и необычна в вареном виде.

The Indian giant is a high-yielding mid-late ripening variety from India (up to 125 days). Plants over 280 cm in height, vigorous, form up to 4 ears at a time. Cobs are rounded-cylindrical, up to 40 cm long with a small thin stump. The grains are tooth-like, flat, of various colors: yellow, white, blue, lilac, red, orange, purple and even black. An excellent variety for boiled consumption, as it contains more than 30% sugar in grains, as well as many other useful substances. The best variety for flour, cereals, fodder for poultry and animals.

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Blue Cherokee variety

Ruby garnet is a Russian variety. Plant up to 250 cm high, powerful. The ears are cylindrical, large in volume, up to 30 cm long, tied in 2-3 pieces. The grain is large, elongated-flat, similar to horse teeth, dark ruby ​​red.

Red corn is a pill for all diseases, it is useful to eat it for the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes (lowers blood sugar), and pressure. It is very tasty and looks unusual when boiled - in milky-wax ripeness. Medium late (90-100 days). We recommend to try and surprise your family and friends.

Starchy corn (Zea Mays Amylacea)

Кукуруза
Кукуруза

Mays Ornamental Congo cultivar

Одна из древнейших. Наиболее широко распространена в странах Южной Америки и на юге Северной Америки. Большинство сортов имеет поздние сроки созревания. Растения высокорослые, более двух метров, мощные, хорошо облиствлённые. Початки длиной до 30 см с тонкой кочерыгой. Зерно округлое, плоское, гладкое, матовое, с выпуклой вершиной. Эндосперм рыхлый, мучнистый, с небольшим содержанием белка. Используется главным образом для получения крахмала и в спиртовой промышленности. Зерновка крупная, содержит около 12% белка, 5% жира и более 80% крахмала. Очень вкусная и сладкая в вареном виде, гарантирует истинный вкус для гурманов.

Mays Concho – раннеспелая, высокоурожайная мягкая кукуруза. Старинный индейский сорт из Северной Америки. Растение высотой до 2 м. Початки длиной от 20 до 35 см округло-пирамидальной формы. Зерно крупное, мягкое, сладкое, ярко-жёлтого цвета. Отличный сорт для употребления в молодом виде, как свежей, так и вареной.

Thompson Prolific – высокоурожайный сорт из Северной Америки. Растение мощное, высотой до 260-320 см, завязывает большие цилиндрические початки длиной 40-43 см средней толщины, на одном растении завязывается до четырех початков. Зерно белого цвета размером как два обычных кукурузных зёрнышка, плоские. Сорт выращивают все фермеры Америки. Это самый высокоурожайный сорт. Хорош в вареном, жареном виде. А также идет на производство высококлассной муки, по качеству не уступающей пшеничной.

Flint corn (Zea Mays indurate)

Кукуруза
Кукуруза

Grade Divine Paper 1822

The grain of its varieties is round, smooth, shiny with a convex top. Endosperm is horny, mealy only in the central part of the caryopsis. It has the widest distribution area on earth. Flint corn varieties are cultivated mainly for grain. Basically, they are all early maturing. The grain contains 65-83% starch, up to 18% protein, 3-7% fat. It is used for the production of cereals, corn flakes and other products. It is also good when boiled (in the wax-milk stage, it has the same sweetness as sweet corn).

Cherokee Blue is an early maturing (up to 85 days old) high-yielding variety from North America. The plant is 1.8-1.9 m high. The ear is large, round-pyramidal, up to 18 cm long. The grain is medium-sized, lilac-chocolate. This corn is perfect when cooked. Very good for your health.

Mays Ornamental Congo is an old Indian variety originally from South America. Late-ripening high-yielding variety (up to 130 days). The plant is powerful (up to 250 cm in height), forms 2-4 cobs of a rounded pyramidal shape, up to 22 cm long. On the cobs, the grains are large, of different colors, sweet, tasty. An excellent variety for fresh, baked and boiled consumption, as well as for obtaining flour, cereals and as food for domestic animals.

Sweet corn (Zea mays L. saccharata Sturn)

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Кукуруза

Variety Bloody Butcher

Овощное деликатесное растение семейства Мятликовые (Злаки). Отличительной особенностью сахарной кукурузы от других подвидов семейства является сравнительно невысокое содержание в эндосперме зерновки крахмала и высокое содержание водорастворимых сахаров, в частности, декстрина.

Этот факт объясняется тем, что сахарная кукуруза гораздо медленнее конвертирует (преобразует) сахара в запасные вещества, поэтому при сборе урожая в фазе молочно-восковой спелости их содержание более высокое. Максимальное же количество сахаров содержат так называемые суперсладкие гибриды – до 35% в сухом веществе.

In this group of hybrids, the conversion of sugars into spare substances is practically absent. Sweet corn is an annual, monocotyledonous, dioecious, cross-pollinated vegetable plant. The growing season from emergence to technical ripeness is 60-105 days, to full biological ripeness - 105-130 days.

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Кукуруза

Variety Honey-ice nectar

Божественная бумага 1822 – уникальный редкий сорт суперсладкой кукурузы из Китая. Среднеранний (до 90 дней), растение высотой 1,7-2 м. Початки от средне-крупных до крупных, округло-цилиндрической формы. Зерно жёлтое с некоторой частью белых. Вкусовые качества исключительные, вареная кукуруза тает во рту. При высыхании семена очень сильно сморщиваются, становятся чуть толще листа картона. Твёрдыми и мучнистыми не становятся никогда. Семена ещё мягкие в середине октября. Даже если полностью сухие семена замочить до восстановления формы и сварить, они будет очень сладкими. Перед посевом рекомендуется семена замочить на 2-3 суток.

Сорт Кровавый мясник – сахарная перуанская кукуруза, её зёрна имеют глубокий пурпурный цвет, чрезвычайно редкий в растительном мире, что говорит о высоком содержании антоцианов – антиоксидантов, замедляющих старение и предотвращающих развитие многих заболеваний. Содержание антоцианов в красных зёрнах кукурузы, больше чем в чернике. Красная кукуруза – таблетка от всех болезней, например, опухолей в пищеварительном тракте, она укрепляет сосуды – они становятся крепкими и эластичными, что способствует предотвращению атеросклероза, она нормализует содержание сахара в крови и способствует снижению давления. Раннеспелый сорт (до 68 дней). Растение высотой до 160 см, початки большие, округло-цилиндрические длиной до 30 см, зёрна тёмно-красного цвета, очень сладкие, Вкусна эта кукуруза вареной. Высокий урожай – 2-3 початка на одном растении.

Honey-ice nectar is an early maturing variety (60-70 days), high-yielding, intended for cultivation in cold, short summers in the northern regions. The plant is 120-150 cm high, forms cobs 18-20 cm long with high-value, very sweet, medium-sized grain of yellow color, good taste. Recommended for canning, freezing and boiled.

In addition to the described varieties, there are many other interesting and unusual varieties of corn.

Valery Brizhan, experienced gardener

Photo by the author

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