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Video: Growing Black, Blue And Chocolate Tomatoes
For many, many years, my brother and I have been growing tomatoes. Previously, preference was given to the usual red varieties for pickling, as well as large-fruited pink and yellow varieties (such as Bull's Heart) for salads. But in recent years we have been drawn to the exotic: they began to grow varieties with green, white, blue, black, multi-colored fruits (two in one) and a very interesting male variety Eros.
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Eros tomato variety
The first among the colored ones in our garden were black-fruited tomatoes. We were prompted to grow these varieties by the deteriorating ecology and constant stress - factors that cannot be excluded from modern life. It is known that a good way to support your body is to eat right. Fresh vegetables with a high content of nutrients and vitamins play an important role in the human diet. One of the healthiest vegetables is tomato.
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In recent years, tomatoes have been created that are rich in anthocyanins, carotenoids and "happiness vitamins". Scientists have found that dark purple and black tomatoes contain anthocyanins, and yellow-green, orange and red ones contain beta-carotene and lycopene, which is responsible for the bright color of vegetables. Lycopene has antioxidant and many other useful properties, it helps to normalize cholesterol metabolism, activates digestion processes, normalizes appetite, suppresses pathogenic flora, prevents the development of atherosclerosis, maintains normal acid-base balance, and promotes weight loss.
Tomato variety Niagos
In the Kuban, we call eggplants blue, but this is not the vegetable we will talk about now. We'll talk about blue and black colored tomatoes. The blue and black color of tomatoes can be taken as exotic. The dark color on the tomato fruit appears when exposed to direct sunlight. In places where the sun hits less, the fruit will be less dark or red. This explains the fact that the tip of the ripe fruit of a blue tomato is colored red. The color of the inside of the tomato is red-pink. The pulp is firm and aromatic.
Fruits of the Blue tomato variety are round plum-shaped, weighing up to 100 g. This variety belongs to the early-medium ripening period, since the fruits are ready for consumption 80-90 days after germination. The height of the bush is up to 1 meter, it is easily formed, it can be grown without support. It is suitable for outdoor cultivation.
variety Blue tomato
Blueberry tomato - this variety has an unusual dark purple, almost black fruit color and a high content of anthocyanins useful for human health. This is the result of painstaking selection work on a variety of tomato that carries the genes of the "wild" anthocyanin pigment in the fruits themselves. It should be especially noted that genetic engineering techniques have never been used to create this variety of tomatoes.
Scientists have shown that the purple pigments anthocyanins, which are part of the flavonoid class, are powerful antioxidants that have a positive effect on the human body. They improve the functioning of the heart and brain, cleanse the blood of cholesterol plaques. Anthocyanins, blocking oxidation processes in cells, reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and allergic reactions, and have a beneficial effect on the skin condition. The breeders' work on the creation of this tomato with a high anthocyanin content began 50 years ago. They tried to cross the cultivated tomato with its wild varieties from Chile and the Galapagos Islands - in some wild varieties of tomatoes, anthocyanins are found in the fruits, while in ordinary tomatoes this pigment is present only in leaves and stems, which are not edible. The anthocyanin pigment colors the flower petals and fruit rind in all shades of purple.
The color difference arises from a change in acidity in the growing cells. The older the plant, the deeper the shade of purple, and the more anthocyanins are produced to slow down, stop wilting. Anthocyanin pigment is sensitive to light, so the longer the fruit is exposed to the sun, the darker the purple hue it gets. The ideal balance of sugar and acids in the fruits of the Blueberry tomato gives a pleasant classic taste and aroma, while the anthocyanin pigment itself is tasteless.
The blueberry tomato ripens 80-91 days after planting and yields significantly higher than any other cherry tomato type in the purple variety. Blueberry tomato fruits are considered ripe (sugar and acid content reaches their maximum value) when their color changes from purple-black-blue to dull purple-brown, and the fruits themselves are softened like normal tomatoes. Blueberry tomato is the only cultivar with true black-purple fruit - its fruit is as black as eggplant.
Other varieties with a dark fruit color and a high content of lycopene and carotene:
Niagos (fruit weight 100 g), Cuban black pepper (120 g), Cuban black-fruited (600 g), Black John (500 g), Appetizing black (1000 g), My beloved mother (80 g), Indiana (150 g), Lilac Lake (500 g), Kiryukha (150 g), Calvados (200 g), Black
Ox heart (800 g), Viagra, Boteroskai, Blukiskai (300 g), Amethyst (500 g), Dark Watermelon (400 g), Blue Sky (650 g), Chocolate Bordeaux (500 g), Black pear (100 g) and burgundy (120 g), Black giant (1100 g), Negro head (300 g), Dei Huang Gi (50 g), Silbert (600 g), Emperor black (150 g), Giant black (700 g), Cuban purple (150 g), Cossack (80 g), Mulatto (200 g), Mikado black (500 g), Little Li (40 g), Minibel Cocktail (40 g), Negro Woman, Negro Chicken (500 g), Night (300 g), Ozaris (200 g), Black nightshade (560 g), Paul Robson (300 g), Dallas Roses (600 g), Rio Negro (150 g), Raj Kapoor (200 g), Black Icicle (100 g), Brown Sugar (150 g), Lilac Mist (200 g), Blue (400 g), Black Cream (100 g), Tzu-by-Yu (60 g), Carbon (300 g), Gypsy (300 g), Zi-Yu (80 g), Black Bedouin (150 g), Black Tulip (700 g), Black Elephant (500 g), Black Cherry (120 g), Black Prince (300 g), Chernomor (400 g), Black Minke (60 g), Black Waterfall (70 g), Black Mammoth (600-900 g), Chocolate (40 g), Chocolate striped (80 g), Chocolate (500 g).
Tomato varieties Boteroskai
We especially like the varieties: Blue Sky, Black Prince, Chernomor and Gypsy. The last of them is a wonderful, high-yielding, exotic in bush shape and fruit color salad variety. The mid-season variety Black Prince is also distinguished by an original, rich color and is characterized by a high dry matter content and excellent taste.
Such tomato salad turns out to be very unusual and attractive. Especially in combination with soft greens of lettuce and cucumber slices. Everyone who has tasted such a salad highly appreciated its taste. This salad captivates with its beauty, besides it is useful, because it contains more vitamins than salads made from red tomatoes. In addition to the advantages that ordinary tomatoes have: a high level of vitamin C and antioxidants - black, blue, chocolate tomatoes have the ability to improve intimate life. At least reptiles. This was noted by scientists. It is believed that those turtles that eat these tomatoes mate significantly more than those that do not eat tomatoes. This reminds us that in the old days tomatoes were considered natural aphrodisiacs. From this we can conclude:such a salad can increase sexual energy. Blue tomatoes are quite consistent with the old name of tomatoes - the apple of love.
Features of agricultural technology for growing black and blue tomatoes
A little about the agricultural technology of growing black and blue tomatoes. It should be remembered that when growing such tomatoes require strict implementation of technologies, including supplying them with food and moisture. There is an opinion among the people that such tomatoes are more resistant to disease.
Our practice of working with these varieties does not confirm this, rather, on the contrary: some samples become sick more intensely than tomatoes with a normal, red color. Keeping in mind their dietary purpose, when growing, it is necessary to use as little as possible various chemicals, and replace mineral fertilizers with organic ones. Experience suggests that specimens with black and blue fruits must be tied up so that the fruits do not touch the ground, since their delicate skin, large soft cells become a good target for fungal and bacterial diseases, the pathogens of which are in the soil.
It is necessary to collect fruits on time, avoiding overripening. Tying the plants, removing the leaves improve the ventilation of the plants, reduce the risk of fungal diseases, promote uniform illumination of the fruits, which leads to an improvement in the quality of the grown tomatoes.
Sliced Negritonok tomato
We offer the readers of the magazine seeds of black, blue, purple, lilac, chocolate and burgundy varieties of tomatoes, large-fruited multi-colored varieties of sweet peppers, eggplant and many other garden rarities. We send you a catalog for orders. When contacting, do not forget to put an envelope with o / a for a reply. Write: Brizhan Igor Ivanovich and Valery Ivanovich - st. Kommunarov, 6, Art. Chelbasskaya, Kanevsky district, Krasnodar region, 353715. E-mail: [email protected] - here is the full electronic version of the catalog.
Tomato varieties Paul Robson
Tomato variety Black Elephant