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Video: Siberian Chives Or Rezun Onions
Siberian chives - tasty, healthy and beautiful
Many gardeners grow chives. In the European part of Russia it is called skoroda - after the old name of the harrow. Indeed, the dense curls of the styloid feathers of this bow are like the teeth of an inverted harrow.
It is found in nature everywhere from the sultry south (in Ukraine it is called tribulka, in the Caucasus - khakhvi) to the tundra itself in the north. In gardens, skoroda onions are mainly used in the decoration of paths.
Low (about 20 cm) bushes with disheveled greenery and beautiful umbrellas of pink flowers form pretty borders.
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But this onion is quite edible, and those who want to tinker with such small things grow it in the beds. "The need for it, however, is small" - this is how R.I. Schroeder in his classic work "Russian vegetable garden, nursery and orchard".
I want to tell you about the Siberian variety of chives (Allium schoenoprasum var. Sibiricum). In Siberia it is called rezanets or rezun. This is not a hakhvi and not some kind of tribulka, this is something! Erect bushes of light green feathers with a waxy coating reach a height of 60 cm. The feathers are tubular, slightly flattened, about 8 mm wide, with thick walls and juicy, non-fibrous tissue.
Rezun occupies a prominent place in the gardens of Siberians. Here he competes with the well-known batun. Its taste is more delicate, weakly sharp, pleasant - rezun refers to salad onions. Its early growing leaves contain a lot of vitamin B1, ascorbic and folic acid, essential oils, essential amino acids, minerals (especially calcium and iron), saponins, phytoncides and other useful substances. Rizun greens do not become tough with age and do not lose their properties.
Chicken onion leaves are used for food, cutting off the bush completely. Hence the Siberian name - rezun. And the German "shnitt" means "a plant intended for cutting." Plants grow back quickly, and three to four crops can be harvested per season.
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Growing chives is easy. It multiplies most easily by vegetative division, but if there are no bulbs, then it will not be difficult to breed from seeds. They are sown before winter or early spring, buried to a depth of 1 cm with a row spacing of 30 cm. The germination energy of chives seeds is high. Seedlings appear in 7-12 days together and develop rapidly. By autumn, plants have 5-6 leaves. Chives is a very frost-resistant plant and does not need shelter for the winter.
In spring, plants start growing early. Immediately it is necessary to give a complete mineral fertilizer - this will accelerate the regrowth of leaves and will contribute to better flowering. Siberian chives grow quickly, but not overgrown like European chives. Its three-year-old shrubs consist of 50-80 plants, while the European chives have about 150.
If the reproduction rate is too high, the plantings quickly thicken, this causes the plants to shrink, the quality of the greenery deteriorates and leads to the need for frequent transplants.
Rezun can be grown in one place for 4-5 years. The transplant is carried out in early September, so that the plants take root well in a new place before the onset of stable cold weather. Rezun is light and moisture-loving, picky about soil fertility and its mechanical composition.
The bulk of the roots lies at a depth of 40 cm. It is at this depth that the soil should be cultivated. Under digging for 1 m2, add a bucket of compost and 30 g of superphosphate and potassium salt each. The bulbs are planted with 5-10 sods in rows every 30 cm and every 10 cm in a row. Good results are obtained by mulching the plantings with a layer of sawdust, peat, needles 5 cm thick.
The chives remaining from the transplant can be used for harvesting for the winter. It can be dried, salted or frozen. But it is best used for winter forcing. To do this, in late autumn, transplant the sod into a box and leave it under the snow. In winter, bring it indoors and let it thaw gradually. Then put it on the windowsill and water it regularly. After 3-4 weeks, the leaves can be used for food, plucking out the largest ones.
Inflorescences of Siberian chives, as well as European ones, are widely used in arrangement: in summer and winter bouquets, in compositions of dried flowers. They are distinguished by larger umbrellas, more saturated - lilac-violet - color and higher peduncles. The stems are cut at the time of the complete dissolution of the flowers, tied in bunches and dried, hanging down in inflorescences in the attic. Peduncles, having previously threaded a soft wire into the tubular stem, can be given any line if the author's intention requires it when creating a composition. The dried flowers retain their color and shape perfectly and serve for several years.
Seeds and bulbs of Siberian rezun onions, other onions (anzura, fragrant, oblique, wild garlic), as well as more than 200 other rare plants will be willingly sent to everyone. You can order them from the catalog, for which it is enough to send a marked envelope with your address - I will send the catalog in it for free.
The catalog can also be viewed on the website www.sem-ot-anis.narod.ru or received by e-mail - send a request to E-mail: [email protected]
My mailing address: 634024, Tomsk, st. 5th Army, 29, apt. 33, T. +7 (913) 851-81-03 - Anisimov Gennady Pavlovich.
Gennady Anisimov, Tomsk
Photo by the author
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