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Video: How To Fix Tall Plants In Beds And In The Garden Using Trellises And Supports
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Usually in the press for fixing tall-stemmed plants - cucumbers, tomatoes, raspberries and others - it is recommended to use ordinary stakes and twine. In this case, too many stakes are required. At the same time, they do not allow you to regulate the position of the plants in relation to each other and to the sun, and the twine, no matter how carefully you pull the stems over them, clearly injures them. Often this even very noticeably constrains their growth, which leads to a significant decrease in yields.
Based on personal experience and the experience of other summer residents and gardeners, I can say that all these disadvantages of plant fixing are quite surmountable. If we talk about cucumbers and tomatoes, usually grown in greenhouses, I advise using a wire trellis that runs along the girders and attached to the cross-braces with curved nails to secure the stems of these plants (see Figure 1A).
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In this case, the twine, covering the stem of the plant, is attached to the trellis either in the form of a free loop easily moved along the wire (see Fig. 1B), or in the form of a simple wire hook (see Fig. 1B). Thanks to this stem, the most advantageous spatial position is easily ensured, which means that its growth, flowering and fruiting are improved. On the bottom of the stem, either put on the same loop as for the trellis (see Fig.1D), or a flexible rubber loop-ring about 1 cm wide, made, for example, from an old bicycle or car camera (see Fig.1D).
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In cases where there is a threat of breaking off large clusters of tomatoes or rich cucumber lashes, the twine is connected to the loop-ring by means of a hook made of wire in the form of a figure eight. With both options for fixing the plant stems, it is undesirable to allow the loops to slip, for which they should be periodically reinstalled. Then, when the individual stems outgrow the height of the trellis, they can be laid along the wire trellis.
Of great interest to summer residents and gardeners is the portable raspberry trellis proposed by the gardener Yu. Minin and already practiced in many areas (see Fig. 2). It consists of U-shaped metal or plastic brackets with a diameter of 8-10 mm, installed along the planting row of bushes by pressing into the ground so that the top is 70-90 cm higher than the ground level.
In this case, the staples are placed with an offset from the axis of the raspberry row by 40-50 cm, which provides freedom for the growth of replacement shoots. Raspberry stems are attached to the brackets with copper wire, and their upper branches are inclined and fan-shaped intertwined with each other. Due to this, as experience shows, it is possible to prevent the small-fruitiness of berries in the upper tier of bushes, which is characteristic of ordinary plantings, as well as to align all branches in length and achieve large-fruited berries from each bush.
Also interesting is a portable air-hanging support for currants and gooseberries (see Fig. 3), practiced by the gardener V. Truul instead of the usual square wooden frame, due to the rigidity of which the branches, beating against the frame in the wind, often break. The essence of the new support lies in the fact that the frame is made round, consisting of two movable half-rings, allowing you to change its perimeter. As the bushes grow, the slack in the frame is overcome with the help of four twine cords, connected into a common knot, attached to a horizontal crossbar installed above the bushes on support racks. At the same time, currant or gooseberry bushes grow quite freely, and their side branches do not break.
I am sure that the ideas discussed above, which have been embodied in the gardens and in the gardens of summer residents, will reliably get rid of the existing shortcomings of the known methods of fixing cucumbers, tomatoes and berry bushes. They will create more favorable conditions for growth, development and fruiting for these crops, and without significant financial costs. All that is needed for this is a creative approach, desire and more or less skillful hands.
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