Video: Growing Potatoes For The Development Of Virgin Lands
Potatoes planted on the grass on the virgin soil
I started growing varietal potatoes eight years ago, having purchased potatoes of the varieties Nevsky, Lugovskoy, Elizaveta, Vesna and Udacha in a seed shop. Later I added the variety Pamyat Osipova to them, which, as I was told, was resistant to diseases: late blight, scab, and nematode resistant.
The variety Nevsky, with its good yield, was rejected by me for taste and rapid formation of solanine in tubers. Variety Vesna also did not suit my taste, besides, on my site it fell ill with late blight.
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The varieties Lugovskoy and Luck made me happy, they were tasty, crumbly, especially the latter, and resistant to late blight. In addition, the Udacha variety had amazingly fragrant flowers. During flowering, the field with this potato variety smells sweet with a delicate aroma.
Luck is an early variety, but I harvested its tubers along with the harvest of the mid-ripening variety Lugovskoy, since this variety quite satisfactorily withstood the period until harvesting on September 15-17 on a plot with green tops or cut off in rainy weather.
Recently, I have added to the varieties Luck and Lugovskoy varieties of Charodey and Naiad. They also differ in resistance to late blight and good taste. Realizing that it is impossible to grow potatoes of the Udacha variety on the same plot for eight years in a row without renewing seeds, I began to look for its tubers in gardening shops. To be honest, I was unpleasantly surprised when I saw in one store tubers of the Udacha variety surprisingly similar to those of the Zhukovsky variety.
But experts know that the Udacha variety differs from other varieties with an oval flat shape of tubers, the Zhukovsky variety, on the contrary, has round tubers. But at the spring exhibition in "Eurasia" I finally found the planting material of the real Udacha variety and planted it in the garden.
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Potatoes were planted in this virgin patch in mid-August
Last season, the main plantings of potatoes on a two hundred square meters field consisted of varieties Lugovskoy, Charodey and Udacha of long-term reproduction, and on a separate plot with soil well fertilized with cow dung, I planted the tubers Udacha and Charodey purchased at the exhibition to renew the varieties. The past summer was characterized by cold, rainy weather in May-June and hot, dry - in July-August.
It turned out that in the first period, insufficiently sprouted tubers did not germinate for a long time. Then, in a dry hot season, having formed a small amount (5-6 pieces) of stolons and not forming a good bush, the potatoes froze in growth. Unfortunately, I did not have the opportunity to water the plantings. Therefore, by the beginning of September, there were compact potato bushes with 5-6 (rarely with a large number) tubers in the field, however, large due to manure.
But on the twentieth of August, torrential thunderstorms performed a miracle. They made the potato tops, which had lain by that time, turn green again, as new young shoots formed, and then new stolons with small nodules. The second flowering of potatoes began, and the potato field presented an unusual picture for this time.
The already laid tops were decorated with green shoots with flowers, which it was even a pity to cut 10-15 days before harvesting, necessary for reliable ripening of the peel. However, they had to cut it off, and all this material was used for composting, since it was not affected by late blight.
I want to tell you about one more way of growing potatoes. GA Kizima once told the audience of the Zeleny Dar-3 club at the Suzdalsky Palace of Culture about him. This method is good for those who have a lot of virgin, uncultivated lands, but there is no strength to develop them, for example, for retirees.
Luxurious potatoes are blooming on the main field
It is known that potatoes are good for the first plantings on virgin soil, as they "make" the earth. And after it, you can already plant other crops. With this method, potato tubers are planted in virgin grass, but not in growing, but in torn or weeded. On a piece of virgin soil, you fold weeds, turf, if there is one, add a little earth on top, on which you lay out the sprouted tubers quite densely (closer than with a normal planting). For example, I use waste material for planting - small things wrinkled from time to time with long shoots, which have a place in the compost heap. From above, the laid out tubers must be covered with grass with a layer of 10-15 cm.
Planting can then be watered if dry, which will ensure faster germination. After about a week, potato shoots appear over the withered grass, then they grow very quickly. Due to the dense planting, the tops of the potatoes are tightly closed here. The resulting bed on the virgin soil is essentially a compost object, the potatoes are warm and nutritious there, the grass quickly decomposes, providing the plantings with abundant organic nutrition. You just need to ensure that the resulting tubers do not remain uncovered in order to avoid greening. Therefore, it is necessary to cover them with earth or mown and weeded grass. With this growing method we get:
- Good harvest of clean tubers.
- A site with well-processed, crumbly soil, where in the new season it is easy to grow other crops according to the crop rotation.
- Beautiful juicy potato tops as material for further use in other parts of the garden.
I have been using this method on my plot for three years now, getting a decent addition of potatoes to the main crop and new plots of good land for a vegetable garden. And last season, I planted the sprouted small change throughout the summer, from June to August. For example, tubers planted in mid-August gave amicable shoots within a week. Of course, such a late planting no longer works for the harvest, but for the development of additional virgin areas. This bed will leave without cleaning under the snow, and next spring, depending on the condition of the soil, it will be possible to either repeat the potato planting on it, or to plant other crops.
By planting tubers at different times, I expected, taking into account the ripening time of the potatoes, to get a harvest of young potatoes in September in the beds planted in June-July. And so it happened. At the end of September, I dug out already faded or still flowering bushes from these beds, getting very large young tubers. Arriving in the city, I treated my friends to young potatoes, showing them the largest tubers and talking about this method of growing potatoes and reclaiming virgin lands. In addition, my crop of six sacks of normal ripe potatoes was replenished with another sack of young tubers.
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