Video: Spring Planting Of Winter Garlic
The harvest of winter garlic
planted last spring
Sometimes in horticultural practice it happens that winter garlic has to be planted in the spring. The reasons here may be different: for example, in the fall for some reason you did not have garlic for planting, or you could not get to the site in time. Of course, planting winter garlic in spring is a risky business. If it did not pass vernalization, and the summer turned out to be hot, and at the same time the ridge is very well filled with organic matter, there is no watering, it does not rain, then in this case the bulbs may not set.
Once every seven years, I face this problem. It is with this frequency that our garden is filled with water. Throughout the winter, water comes from the mountain and floods the site so that in the spring, at the beginning of April, there are not enough high boots to get to the porch of the house. Water floods everything - the house, the shed, the greenhouse, all the ridges, the roads around the site. Then it gradually goes to neighboring, lower places. After such a "flood" not a single bulb of garlic, tulips, lilies, crocuses, hazel grouses, rhizomes of peonies and other perennial plants remain. We have already experienced three such floods.
Already after the first "flood", I began to use agricultural techniques to achieve such a situation so that my stock of winter garlic would be stored until spring and not dry out. Otherwise, in the spring you will have to look for bulbs for planting. But what other garlic will come across in such a situation … Maybe a sick one, or maybe a southern variety. At the same time, I did not strive to ensure that the garlic preserved until spring was necessarily large, let it be medium in size, but the main thing is that it should ripen.
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So last spring, our site was again under water. Not a single garlic, not a single tulip, not a single lily has survived. The garlic, which was left for food, survived in winter, and it was enough for planting. As soon as I was able to walk along the boards to the beds, I immediately dug them up with a pitchfork, chose all the rot, sprinkled the soil with ashes and planted the garlic again on April 29. The soil from above was mulched with humus.
All of them have already grown winter garlic, and I just planted mine. When he ascended, I fed the plantings with Azophos and Kalimagnesia. In May-June there were rains, so after each of them I tried to loosen the soil in the beds deeper.
In early June, I fed the garlic with slurry. The manure was fresh, almost without bedding. And this turned out to be my mistake, since I forgot that in the year of the Sun there will definitely be a lot of sun. The garlic grew so much that I was scared - I would be left without bulbs, there would be only powerful stems, and it would not have time to ripen, especially since on April 29, at the time of planting, the Moon was in Scorpio, and there was also a full moon. As you know, this is a non-planting time for garlic. But I had to have time to plant the garlic in the cold, damp earth. So there was no time for the lunar calendar. After all, S.V. Kurashvili correctly wrote in her Lunar Calendar for 2010 that at this time the day feeds the year.
Nearby, the garlic in the garden beds had already thrown out the arrows at the gardeners, but I had it without arrows, which, in fact, should not be in time yet. After all, my garlic was planted in the spring, and it lagged behind by a month in development. Then the neighbors had already begun to dig up their winter garlic, and mine had just started shooting. For the ripening of the bulbs, an optimal temperature of + 20 … 23 ° C is required, I began to worry: will there be such a weather in late August - early September for the bulbs to ripen, and the dates for autumn planting were already approaching, but he was still with arrows.
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However, the bulbs of my spring-planted winter garlic turned out to be very large, I had to tinker to dry them. I somehow dried it out, took again the bulbs, one-tooth, four-tooth, which had matured from the one-tooth. Rather, the four-tooth did not work out of the one-tooth, the bulbs immediately formed into six large cloves. This is how warmth, rains, organic matter affected.
In January of this year, I checked the garlic, and now there is a lot of it - isn't it drying? I found three onions with one clove dry. I looked at them through a magnifying glass - the tick is to blame. The garlic is already dry and shiny, which means that in the summer you should definitely pay attention to the plants.
I leave smaller onions for winter storage and for food, the largest in the fall I spend on various preparations: for pickling mushrooms in a bucket - I put a lot of garlic there, and in winter we eat it salty. A lot of it goes for adjika, for different salads, I roll up snacks for the whole winter. And without garlic here, as well as without onions - nowhere.
Here's another example from my practice. In the spring of 2010, when I was planting winter garlic, I put several bulbs aside, they seemed soft to me. When I peeled one onion, I did not find any disease, only the tops of the cloves were painted in purple stripes. I cut it across and found a green seedling. Apparently, it was a southern variety, and it was already ready to germinate. I have long wanted to try to plant garlic "naked", without scales.
She took off all the scales from the cloves and planted them separately from the garlic ridge. It turned out to be normal bulbs, but they were late in shooting. I didn't let the shooters grow, I broke them out ahead of time. Who can use this method? I think for those who from year to year do not renew garlic through the bulbs, but when planting "naked" teeth, specks are visible - the beginnings of the disease.
After reading this article, gardeners might think that everything is dying under my water, or rather, under the ice. This is not true. Bulbous plants suffer. Two old climbing roses (own-rooted) are blooming as if nothing had happened; grapes near the house bear fruit, an evergreen, creeping rhododendron (large bush) is completely covered with water, ice, and then blooms. Black currants, raspberries, honeysuckle do not suffer. Lilacs perish under the ice, Kuril tea and phloxes suffered a little. But phlox then recovered.