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Video: Multi-colored Tomatoes - Varieties And Features
Tomatoes for every color and taste can be found and grown for your family
For several years I have been growing many vegetable, as well as rare and medicinal plants, and I often listen and read about the disappointments of many gardeners - bad seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, melons, etc. And this is what I want to say: do not rush to put bad seeds and yourself estimate, it is often not the seeds that are involved, but the sprout fly.
It damages not only seedlings (seedlings appear on the soil surface, soon wither and die), but also radishes, which we usually sow in late April - early May, pumpkin, sunflower, lettuce, peas, cabbage.
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Where fly larvae have worked, seedlings either do not appear at all, or emerge with large gaps, the bed looks as if the sower hastily threw a few handfuls of seeds instead of evenly distributing them over the entire surface. In fact, the seeds did not have time to germinate and sprout, the larvae completely eat them. Pest detection is not easy. It takes a long, long time to peer into the soil before you notice a gray-brown fly scurrying around the very surface of the soil. Here she will settle her voracious offspring - the larvae, which eat the seeds and seedlings. It is quite difficult to drive a sprout fly off the site.
Not finding cultivated plantings, she is content with shoots and weed seeds, although if she has a “favorite” menu - shoots of cucumbers, peas, beans, pumpkin, radish and lettuce - she is primarily taken for them. During the summer, the fly manages to give birth to several generations of larvae. Its emergence usually begins with the appearance of "earrings" on the birch. Fly larvae enter pots with seedlings from garden soil, so it is better to use purchased soil.
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What to do and how can you fight it? The best way is to treat the seeds with Gigam before sowing, it will make them inedible for fly larvae. Sow seeds only in warm soil (14 … 20 ° C). When they are in the ground for a long time, since they lack warmth for germination, they often become easy prey for fly larvae.
Ask any gardener: what kind of tomatoes he prefers, and first of all he will name varieties with large, tasty and sweet fruits, and only then remember the fruitful ones. And I am no exception here. Tomatoes are a popular culture, it is especially joyful when you break a fruit of a heroic size with a juicy, bright, honey, appetizing pulp, for example, the Olympic fire variety - yellow with red sparks scattered over the surface of the fruit, weighing about 500 grams.
In large-fruited tomatoes, the pulp is much richer in potassium than in varieties with medium and small fruits. As you know, this element normalizes the work of the cardiovascular system and removes excess fluid from the body. Fleshy tomatoes are rich in phosphorus, zinc, calcium, sodium, and have silicon in their skins. Tomato is a champion among carriers of vitamin C. In this it is not inferior not only to oranges, but also to lemons. It is also rich in carotene, folic acid and a number of B vitamins.
Tomato is useful for anemia due to the iron salts it contains, and is also an antiscorbutic vegetable. By the way, in terms of iron content, tomatoes are superior to chicken, fish and milk. All these elements are extremely important for full-fledged mental activity, restoration and growth of tissues, especially bone and nervous, for the formation of hormones. And, of course, tomatoes are a source of yellow pigments, primarily lycopene, a substance that neutralizes oxygen free radicals, and beta-carotene, from which vitamin A is synthesized in the human body.
It is curious how nutrients are distributed in tomato fruits: the pulp of the middle part is richer in dry substances, which are based on sugar, and in the seed nests there are more acids, less fiber and pectin. In fruits of modern large-fruited varieties, the proportion of pulp is greater than the proportion of seed chambers. This is why they are much sweeter and more flavorful than regular tomatoes.
Varieties of colored tomatoes
Amateur vegetable growers sometimes grow tomatoes not in order to get food products, but in order to surprise the neighbor's family with something unusual: white, green-bronze, striped and speckled fruits, shaggy, like Peach yellow and Velvet, super-large, like Russian size, with an unusual shape of the fruit, like Bell yellow, Pepper-shaped, There are many exotic among tomatoes. There are banana tomatoes when the fruits reach 15-20 cm in length; we call them that: Red and yellow banana, Khokhloma, Chukhloma, Spaghetti, Sabelka, Icicles, Yellow rocket, American long, Pink stele, Lady's finger. There are striped tomatoes - Boar, Don Juan, Pepper striped, Tiger, Avyuri two-color, Fireworks, Zarya, Olympic flame.
There is a variety called Watermelon, which has orange-red flesh, early ripening, very tasty. There is a tomato with a very complex inflorescence, or take the same Russian size - this year it gave us the first fruits weighing 1507 grams. And the bull's heart variety - before it was only pink, now it is already in white, yellow, red, orange colors, it is very respected by vegetable growers for its unique meaty and honey taste.
Previously, many believed that the color of tomato fruits should be red, but in fact it should be pink, since it is more saturated with useful substances than red. In China and Japan, only pink varieties are grown, and red varieties are grown only for processing on mashed potatoes, juice, pasta.
Yellow tomatoes are also biologically active, they come in second place after pink ones. Everyone is already accustomed to red tomatoes, so sometimes the attitude towards yellow ones is wary, but in vain. Such varieties as the Golden Operetta, Golden Domes, Melons, French Giant, Lemon Giant, Altai Yellow, Yellow Pear, Yellow Cardinal, Yellow Japanese Crab, Pineapple would be a decoration of any festive table.
Tomatoes with large orange fruits are much smaller. The largest-fruited variety is the Argentine miracle - weighing more than 500 g with a very tasty rich pulp, Altai orange, Golden Dragon, Cinderella, Midas, Mandarin Gross are not bad.
Of the varieties with white hearths, in my opinion, of interest are - Snow-white, Snowball, Slivovodny white, Snowball, Snowball.
Of the tomatoes with brown fruits, I consider the best varieties: Mulatto, Negritanka, Black Elephant, Black Beauty, Black John, Gypsy, Black Cherry, Black Giant, Black Bedouin, Black Pear, Black Prince.
I use all these tomatoes both fresh and for processing. Here's one of my favorite recipes: Cooking tomatoes in a meat ring. So, minced meat, finely chopped onion, egg, crackers, water and caraway seeds, mix well. Put the resulting mass in a greased ring-shaped form and bake in the oven. Cut tomatoes of different colors, peeled from the skin, into slices and fry in warmed margarine, add sour milk, salt, pepper and heat. Place the meat ring on a warm plate, place the sauteed tomatoes in the center and sprinkle with chopped herbs.
For 6 servings you will need: 750 g of tomatoes, 300 g of minced meat, 1 head of onion, 1 raw egg, 2 tablespoons of water, 30 g of grated crackers, 1/2 teaspoon of cumin seeds, ground red pepper, 30 g of margarine, 3 / 4 cups sour cream or sour milk, 1 tablespoon of chopped herbs (parsley, dill, basil), salt. Bon appetit, everyone!
It is almost impossible to buy tomato fruits with various shapes and colors, as well as heroic fruits in stores: they are delicate, therefore they are poorly transported, and they are kept fresh for no more than a week. To enjoy such a miracle, you need to grow at least a few bushes on your site. Tomatoes are planted at the rate of no more than three plants per square meter. Agrotechnology is generally accepted, only more intensive feeding is needed, forming into one stem, as well as normalizing flowers: no more than three of them are left in the inflorescence. In the south, they can be grown without tying, but letting them grow and drag freely.
Preparing greenhouse beds for tomatoes is not difficult. Scatter in a bucket, or even under two buckets of ripe compost per square meter of ridges, dig up. In the spring we dig it again, but a little deeper. Closer to the autumn frosts, we prepare the soil mixture: we mix the ripe crumbly compost with the garden soil and store until spring.
The main thing is to grow high-quality seedlings, there will be good, strong, early seedlings - and the tomatoes will grow just right! And here is one important clarification. Tall varieties of tomatoes require 130-150 days from planting to ripening of fruits, and where to get them, even when grown under a film? It is clear that the more these days we have for the seedlings that we grow in indoor conditions, the faster they will bloom later, the ovary and fruits of the plant in the greenhouse form more amicably. Here is our calculation: up to 100 days - more than half of the life - spends seedlings indoors and on the veranda of a garden house.
Imagine how much we are lengthening the favorable growing season, bringing the ripening of the long-awaited fruits closer! The first tomatoes ripen with us at the beginning of July, and after a decade or two we collect them in buckets. By the end of August, when it starts to get colder and the destructive late blight rages, the desired harvest has already been harvested. Recently, our tomatoes have not turned black either on the branches or on the windowsill. Thanks, I would like to emphasize, the winter rush and early healthy seedlings.
I can offer everyone who wants to grow interesting varieties of tomatoes more than 600 of their names, as well as other interesting vegetable crops. It is possible to send seeds by cash on delivery. For orders, a catalog is sent with a detailed description of the varieties to be sent; to send it you need a large envelope with a return address and stamp. Write: Brizhan Valery Ivanovich, st. Kommunarov, 6, Art. Chelbasskaya, Kanevsky district, Krasnodar Territory, 353715.