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Video: Why Do Pepper Ovaries Fall
How to preserve the future harvest of a heat-loving culture
Often in July, gardeners and gardeners complain about the falling off of pepper ovaries. Let's try to figure out what is the reason for such an unpleasant phenomenon, because, without eliminating it, you can remain without a crop.
Everyone knows that pepper is extremely demanding on light - it needs abundant sunlight from the moment of emergence until the end of the growing season.
Insufficient lighting during the seedling period adversely affects not only the quality of seedlings, but subsequently - and the growth and development of vegetative and reproductive organs, and ultimately - on the harvest. This is the first reason for the dropping of the ovaries.
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Pepper needs water in the greatest amount during the fruiting period. During the growing season, he is picky about the presence of water and at the same time does not tolerate its excess. With a lack of moisture in the soil, some of the buds and ovaries fall off, the yield decreases. With excess moisture, the root system suffers from a lack of air. As a result, the growth and development of the plant stops.
Pepper is also very picky about air humidity. The optimum humidity for him is 60-70%. Higher or lower humidity, accompanied by an increased temperature, causes the flowers and ovaries to fall off. It is necessary to monitor the humidity level, not allowing it to rise above the optimum, for which the greenhouses are ventilated. To increase the humidity in the air, you can spray water with a sprayer or spill the soil and adjacent paths from a watering can.
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Top dressing of peppers - root and foliar
Pepper is especially picky about the structure and fertility of the soil. It grows well and bears fruit on light, humus-rich soils that contain nutrients in an easily accessible form. Nitrogen plays an important role in nutrition, which improves the growth of vegetative organs - roots, stems, leaves.
With its lack, growth slows down. An excess of nitrogen, on the other hand, causes wild growth of stems and leaves to the detriment of the formation and ripening of fruits. Phosphorus has a beneficial effect on the growth of the root system, on the acceleration of the formation of ovaries and fruits. Potassium is necessary during the entire growing season of the plant, it increases the plant's resistance to cold, accelerates the ripening of fruits.
During the growing season, the plants need to be fed the pepper twice a month, preferably alternating mineral and organic dressings. The composition of mineral dressing includes ammonium nitrate or urea (15-20 g per 10 l of water), double superphosphate (40-50 g), potassium sulfate (20-30 g). All these mineral fertilizers can be replaced with complex fertilizers, for example, Azofoskoy - 30-50 g per 10 liters of water. After two weeks, the plants can be fed with an organic solution (mullein 1: 8, bird droppings 1:15).
Further, these dressings (organic and mineral) alternate in a week. In August, during the period of mass ripening of pepper, feeding can be carried out with superphosphate - 40 g per 10 liters of water (superphosphate is infused for at least a day).
Two or three times during the growing season, I practice foliar feeding - with a 0.1-0.2% solution of calcium nitrate, which contributes to the growth of good fruits.
When signs of apical rot appear on the fruits, foliar feeding with calcium nitrate (20 g per 10 l of water) will again help out. It is used twice a week apart. Apply the same solution under the root after watering (1-2 liters per plant).
If there is no calcium nitrate, you can spill the beds with a suspension of chalk - a glass per plant. Stir one to two spoons per 1 liter of water. The chalk that has not gone into the soil will go away during subsequent watering.
In the absence of calcium nitrate (unfortunately, it is rarely on sale) for foliar feeding, you can use a 0.3-0.4% solution of calcium chloride, which is sold in a pharmacy without a prescription.
The preservation of the ovaries on the plant will also be facilitated by such an agrotechnical method as regular forced pollination by shaking the plants in the morning.