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October - Work In The Garden And In The Garden
October - Work In The Garden And In The Garden

Video: October - Work In The Garden And In The Garden

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: GARDEN JOBS FOR OCTOBER 2023, February
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What to do in the garden and in the garden in October

And plant and clean …

Cabbage
Cabbage

In the garden in the first decade of October, you need to finish harvesting root crops. Use a shovel or pitchfork to scoop up the celery and radish. Cut off their tops at the neck level. Small roots of celery and parsley are best left for the winter.

It is necessary to remove the late-ripening white cabbage, as well as the Brussels sprouts. It is better to dig in Brussels sprouts in the basement to lengthen the consumption period. You can prepare horseradish roots in the stage of leaf dying off. Large rhizomes and their offshoots are usually used for processing, while small roots should be left for planting next year. The best planting material for horseradish is considered to be lateral roots 20-25 cm long, 1-1.5 cm thick. The roots must be tied in bundles or dug in trenches, sandwiching them with dry sand.

If desired, at this time, you can lay another bed of mint. To plant it, it is necessary to make grooves with a depth of 8-10 cm.In them, segments of rhizomes with a length of 20-22 cm should be laid in a continuous tape in them with a continuous tape.Row spacings should be left 45-60 cm wide.After laying, the rhizomes are sprinkled with soil, then a comb is made over the row with a hoe 10 cm high.

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In the orchard at this time of October, they finish picking apples of late winter varieties, while also removing all damaged and rotten fruits. Fallen leaves are treated with a 10% urea solution. This will allow you not to collect them for incineration, but to bury them in the soil or put them in compost. Remove trapping belts, collect and destroy pests that may be under the flaky bark. You can prepare shoots from own-rooted cherry and plum plants. To do this, it is necessary to remove a layer of soil near the overgrowth, exposing the skeletal root of the mother plant at a distance of 15-20 cm on both sides of the overgrowth. If there are no fibrous roots on the skeletal root, it is necessary to stimulate their formation by chopping off the skeletal root at a distance of 15-20 cm from the point of attachment of the growth to it from the side farther from the stem of the mother tree.

In the second decade of the month, it is time to harvest the leeks. Sort it according to the diameter of the false leg, tie it into bunches and dig it into the wet sand in the basement. You can transplant celery and parsley root vegetables into window pots or winter greenhouse pots. If the temperature in the basement is above 5 ° C, it must be ventilated. It's time to bury all the healthy plant debris after harvesting late-maturing crops. If among them there are signs of illness, then collect them and burn them.

You can draw up a future crop rotation if you have not done so before. On the beds where you plan to grow pumpkin, cabbage and other crops that require high doses of organic matter, add compost or manure if you did not grow mustard or other green manure there for green fertilizer. Finish planting organic fertilizers and green manure tops in areas where seedlings and early green vegetables will be grown.

In warm weather, after harvesting late crops, it is advisable to loosen the soil with a cultivator or flat cutter, and then spill it with a solution of fertilizer Baikal EM-1 at the rate of 0.5 cups per 10 liters of water to improve the soil, accumulate available forms of nutrients in it and warm up faster in spring … Dig up perennial rhubarb rhizomes for distillation. Place the plants close to each other in a box, sprinkle with soil on top and water.

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After the air temperature drops to 2-3 ° C, proceed to winter crops (if needed) of carrots, beets, parsley, lettuce, spinach. Cover the seeds with sand or a previously prepared unfrozen soil mixture, which is smaller than during spring sowing by 0.5-1 cm, but the seeding rate should be increased by 20-25%. Mulch podzimny crops with peat or compost in a layer of 2-4 cm.

The frames from the greenhouses must be stacked next to the greenhouse. Remove the film from the film greenhouses, if it is well preserved, wipe it off, put it in a warm room for winter storage. Prepare potting mix, boxes, pots for winter forcing vegetables and growing seedlings.

Remove spinach until frost. It is recommended to store it in plastic bags at a temperature of -1 … -3 ° C.

Apples
Apples

In the garden in the second decade of October, sprinkle the beds with rooted cuttings with peat or dry leaves in a layer of 5-6 cm. Remove the overgrowth of cherries and plums. To do this, it is better to dig up the offspring to the place of their growth from the root and remove without leaving the hemp. Cover the root with soil again.

At the end of the month, if you have purchased seedlings, but are going to plant in the spring, they must be dug in. To do this, dig a trench 40 cm deep. Make the southern side inclined, put the seedlings in one row on it at an angle of 45 °. Bury the roots up to the level of the root collar, stamp with your foot and water to fill all the voids between them. Cover the dug-in plants with spruce branches to protect against mice and retain snow. Replace the labels on the seedlings with stronger ones or wrap them in plastic to keep the variety names. Lift up the branches of young trees and tie the ends to the center conductor.

Coat the stems and forks of skeletal branches with freshly slaked lime or chalk with the addition of copper sulphate, previously dissolved in hot water to prevent sunburn. Cover the trunks with humus, peat, foliage.

Tie the stems of young trees with spruce branches or roofing felt to protect them from mice to a height of at least 80 cm. For protection only from frost, it is sufficient to cover with a spunbond with a density of 60 g / m². Bend the raspberry branches to the ground. Cover the strawberries with humus or peat without covering the hearts, or cover them with spruce branches (on the eve of freezing in the absence of snow).

If you haven't done so before, feed the honeysuckle. Once every 3-4 years, add 8-10 kg of organic matter under it, as well as 30-40 g of double superphosphate and 60-70 g of wood ash. The annual application of the last two fertilizers can be replaced by the application of 20-50 g of granular AVA fertilizer once every 2-3 years, followed by embedding it in the ground with a small rake.

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