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American Long Tomato
American Long Tomato

Video: American Long Tomato

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Overseas varieties have taken root in the Russian climate

American long tomato
American long tomato

Anyone who grows vegetables on his site probably dreams of growing something extraordinary, unusual - be it a new crop or variety. Sooner or later this still happens, but the pattern is that the higher the activity of the gardener and the more trial and error he does, the higher the likelihood of "bumping" into the exclusive variety of his dreams.

As a result of many years of cultivation-testing of a huge number of varieties of tomatoes and peppers, I would single out only a few varieties worthy of close attention. In other words, a lot has been tried, but little has been "captured". This often happens: to get grams of gold, you have to shovel tons of sand. We are talking about the American long tomato and the Samson sweet pepper.

At the very beginning of the 90s, when the "Iron Curtain" had just opened, an unusual variety of US-bred tomatoes got into my collection, the fruits of which resembled long conical peppers and reached sizes of 15-20 cm. This "American", when grown in the Moscow region, does not wanted to "speak" Russian. For all its attractiveness, the fruits of this variety did not ripen by the end of the season, even in a film greenhouse.

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Vegetable growers know that the word "tomato" is translated from Italian as "apple of love". The apple, as you know, is round, and these fruits are long, very long. For six years, they ripened only when they ripened in the house, giving a small amount of puny seeds to continue further testing (and it is known: to obtain good-quality tomato seeds, the fruits must ripen on the bush). Starting from the seventh year of accustoming to the conditions of the Moscow region, the first fruits began to ripen already in the garden. Every year the number of tomatoes ripened on the bushes increased.

Along with the originality of the fruits, this variety has several indisputable advantages: the most important, in my opinion, is the weak foliage of the bushes and thin stems. These features of plants, reaching a height of 1 meter, allow the American Long variety to be grown in dense plantings (25 cm between plants) on trellises without the slightest threat of thickening. Light freely penetrates into the midst of plantings, bypassing thin leaves. This makes it possible to get rid of diseases and dramatically increase the yield of tomato yield per square meter, especially since the type of inflorescence in this variety is complex with a large number of flowers (one cluster can have up to 15 fruits weighing up to 150 g).

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Tomato American Long turned out to be a variety that gives offspring, repeating the properties of the parent plants - this allowed me to reproduce it 13 times, each time shortening the growing season more and more and adapting it to our temperate climate. For the last two years, red, dense, fleshy fruits have time to ripen 90 percent directly on the bushes.

I would like to note an interesting point: all kinds of hybridization and the creation of an infinite number of hybrids of the first generation F1 of tomatoes and peppers, of course, increases the yield of vegetable plants. However, a simple gardener does not have the opportunity to select an assortment of these crops for annual planting on the site, reproducing their own seeds, since F1 hybrids do not give full-fledged offspring and getting their own seeds from the hybrids they like means not getting anything.

I send vegetable growers seeds of Vigna asparagus beans with pods up to 1 m, lagenari-zucchini up to 2 m, a jug, bottle and flask, Samson pepper - 30 cm long, American long tomato, melotria rough, flowers and medicinal plants. And also seedlings of frost-resistant grapes, apple trees, pears, etc.

Send an envelope from PO: 140180, Moscow Region, Zhukovsky, PO Box 135, Petrov Yu.V

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