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Choosing A Potato Variety As A Component Of The Crop
Choosing A Potato Variety As A Component Of The Crop

High-quality planting material is the key to future potato harvest

potato varieties
potato varieties

The success of growing potatoes, regardless of where - on large fields of agricultural enterprises or on personal plots, depends mainly on three factors: first, on the variety and quality of seeds; secondly, on the level of agricultural technology, and, thirdly, on soil and climatic conditions.

Each of these factors, both individually and in interaction with others, significantly affects the development, yield of plants and its quality. The absence of one of the factors sharply reduces the influence of the rest.

For example, even the most ideal variety will not provide high yields with low agricultural technology and poor soil nutrition. Conversely, the lack of good varietal high quality tubers negates all efforts to grow this crop even in the richest soil. Today we will talk about the value of the variety and the quality of the planting material.

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Variety value

Today, probably, the absolute majority of gardeners who grow "second bread" have already become convinced that it is impossible to achieve a good harvest without high-quality varietal planting material. If we compare the varietal variety of potatoes today and the situation that was 20 years ago, it seems that the situation with planting material for a modern gardener should be better. The country has an abundance of varieties, including dozens of foreign ones, which we could only dream of three decades ago. However, the abundance of varieties does not mean that we have reached an abundance of potatoes in the country.

Unfortunately, the change in the state structure mainly affected negatively the domestic agriculture. In a short time, the system of seed production collapsed not only for potatoes, but also for other agricultural crops. Together with the so-called humanitarian aid to farmers in the early 90s, we received from Holland, Scotland, Germany, Poland and other countries a whole bunch of potato diseases and pests, including the increased spread of golden potato nematode. In addition, despite the abundance of varieties, we do not provide potatoes with the other two factors - the proper level of agricultural technology and plant nutrition.

Despite the abundance of varieties in the country, and there were about 200 of them in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2004, including 110 Russian and more than 20 Belarusian, not all of them can be grown in any region of the country. For example, only varieties are suitable for the North-West zone that have successfully passed the test for 3-5 years and had stable indicators for all economically valuable traits, including yield, quality and resistance to major diseases and pests.

Therefore, everyone who wants to have a consistently high and high-quality potato crop on their site should try to cultivate only those varieties that are recommended by experts. Studies on the study of varieties of the world collection of VIR potatoes, as well as tests at state variety plots, have shown that the following varieties can be successfully grown in the conditions of our region.

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Recommended potato varieties

potato varieties
potato varieties

Early: Zhukovsky early *, Isora, Luck, Duckling (Russia), Aksamit, Arkhideya *, Dolphin, Lazurite * (Belarus), Latona *, Fresco * (Netherlands), Timo (Finland), Doriza (Germany).

Mid-early: Bezhitsky *, Elizaveta, Naiad, Nevsky, Pushkinets, Rozhdestvensky *, Rossiyanka *, Fairy Tale, Bullfinch, Charodey (Russia), Odyssey, Brigantine *, Dina *, Zhivitsa *, Orchid (Belarus), Svitanok Kievsky (Ukraine), Skala (Germany), Santa *, Romano (Netherlands).

Mid-season : Aspia *, Bronnitsky, Golubizna, Lukyanovsky *, Petersburg, Reserve, Resurs (Russia), Atlant, Zdabytak, Krinitsa *, Lasunak, Orbita, Skarb *, Talisman, Lugovskoy, Zarevo (Ukraine), Granola (Germany).

Varieties marked with an asterisk are resistant to potato golden nematode.

Here I want to draw the attention of all gardeners to the fact that in the last decade, due to the weakening of the quarantine control system, there has been a strong spread of one of the most dangerous pests of this crop - the potato nematode throughout the North-West zone of the country, where more than 1/3 of the soils are already infected with it.

Therefore, in order to avoid such a nuisance in my garden, I recommend that all gardeners and residents of villages and villages acquire at least one of the varieties that are resistant to nematodes. If, nevertheless, it is revealed that a nematode is present on the site, and it is not possible to purchase seeds of nematode-resistant varieties, then potatoes should not be grown on the infected beds for at least 8-10 years.

Characterizing the varieties recommended above, I would like to note that each of them has its own advantages. They all possess not one but several beneficial traits, including high yields and resistance to major diseases and pests. We should pay tribute to the Belarusian breeders, who, with great success in the last decade, have created many varieties that combine a whole complex of traits with resistance to late blight and potato nematode. Moreover, most of them have been successfully tested in various regions of our country and have been zoned.

It should also be noted that most of the listed varieties are quite new, but, nevertheless, they have already gained popularity among those who love to grow potatoes. Therefore, I advise those who are not yet familiar with them to make sure of this.

Read the next part. About the quality of planting tubers and their preparation →

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