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Video: Vegetable Seeds, Promising Varieties And Hybrids - What Is The Coming Year For Us?
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 20:34
Review of promising vegetable varieties and hybrids for the new season
Gardeners and gardeners, evaluating this year's harvest, draw conclusions: some varieties will be useful in the future, others will have to be replaced. I think that the information below on the assortment of seeds for the next season will not be superfluous. Many gardeners have already “enriched themselves” by buying seeds in packages “without address”. We remind you: a company that respects you and yourself on a package with seeds (even on a plain white one) puts down all the markings prescribed by law: GOST or OST, batch number, mass or quantity of seeds, expiration date, full legal address, telephone.
And one more thing: miracles happen mainly in the cinema - the seeds of the newest hybrids cannot cost "two rubles". So think what you are getting. At a decent seller, the quality of the goods is necessarily confirmed by a valid (in terms of the validity of the analyzes) "Certificate for seeds", even if the packages are re-labeled, which is also provided by law. Now about the assortment. It has grown many times over lately, and it is difficult for an amateur to orient himself. Let's try to help.
Watermelon and melon seeds
Let's start with the exotic: watermelons and melons were registered in the North-West up to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. Near St. Petersburg, in a good summer, even in the open field, new watermelon hybrids ripen (53-62 days): Krisby, Helen, Lady, Susi and others. Of the melon varieties, varieties and hybrids of the American, Israeli ecotypes are of particular interest, however, not all of them can be bought on the seed market: Ozhen, Iroquois, etc.
Among other melons, the assortment of zucchini has significantly expanded. The most popular varieties are Aeronaut, Gribovskie 37, Zebra, Zolotinka, Rolik, Tsukesha, Black Beauty. And connoisseurs are eyeing the Diamant hybrid and new varieties of Pharaoh, Caruso, Delicates, Spaghetti Family, and a hybrid (zucchini x squash) - Patichok Carnival. The most meticulous ones have already waited for the seeds of the first parthenocarpic zucchini hybrids to enter the market - Kav or Parthenon. New squash Chung-Chang, Tango appeared. The POISK firm introduces two new varieties into the State Register - UFO white and UFO orange.
This culture is underestimated by gardeners. Its assortment is represented by varieties of different varieties - for every taste. Particularly popular are the portioned varieties of large-fruited pumpkin - Smile, hard-bore pumpkin - Freckle, a new variety of large-fruited pumpkin with orange pulp - Rossiyanka.
The assortment of varieties of cabbage "rolls over". Amager 611, Belorusskaya 455, June, Kolobok, Moskovskaya pozdnaya-9, Podarok, Slava 1305, SB-3, F1 Transfer are in the lead among varieties and hybrids of white cabbage in demand. Most of them are old varieties. Almost all hybrids from Europe are on the market, among them the leaders are F1 Rinda, F1 Menza, F1 Lennox, F1 Krautman, F1 Megaton and others. In 2005, varieties and hybrids were introduced into the State Register: Alfredo, Amazon, Dialog, Mendy, Morris, Pandeon, Satellite, Tolero, Thomas, Farao, Shelton. Firm "POISK" in 2005 introduced into the State Register hybrids Zastolny, Leader, Univers, it is planned to introduce hybrids Sprint, Garant, Morozko variety.
In the coming years, the first kilo-resistant domestic hybrids are expected to arrive, but so far there are no such in the world. But the first two domestic kilo-resistant hybrids of Peking cabbage appeared: F1 Nika and F1 Kudesnitsa. Chinese cabbage has not yet been evaluated at al
. Meanwhile, early ripening varieties and hybrids resistant to stemming have been created: Vesnyanka, Lastochka, Pava, Alyonushka, Lebedushka. They manage to yield in greenhouses before planting tomatoes and peppers, and in the open field - 2-4 crops per summer. From varieties and hybrids of
cauliflowerin the greatest demand Alpha, Garantia, Movir 74, although advanced gardeners prefer Dutch hybrids such as Malimba, French Neapolitan giant, Dachnitsa, Parisian, Françoise; green - Amphora, Shannon; purple - Amethyst. Finally, there is a demand for
broccoli, Brussels sprouts, leafy cabbage, Savoyard cabbage, kohlrabi, red cabbage - there are various varieties of them.
Gardeners and villagers do not know fodder cabbage (Vekha variety) at all. And for those with animals and poultry, this variety is a godsend: it can withstand frosts in October to -70C, gives a good green mass, when there is no greenery at all, it can be stored in a pit. And Japanese cabbage is completely unknow
although we have already written about it, and on the seed market there are seeds of the only Rusalochka variety in Russia.
Onions come in many varieties. From perennials, along with the already known chives and batun (there are new varieties Baron, Russian winter, Ural family, etc.), early varieties and hybrids of leeks appeared, for example, Kilima, Rival, Lincoln; Fragrant onions (varieties Piquant, Vostochny, Aprior), slime (varieties Green, Dwarf, Leader, Ocharovanie), shallots (varieties Bonilla, Seryozha, etc.), Altai onions (variety Alves), aflatunsky onion (variety Samson), oblique onion (Novichok variety), multi-tiered onion (Memory variety), etc. There are so many varieties of onions on the seed market that fans are lost - the demand for varieties has leveled off. Increased interest in red varieties: Alvina, Brunswick, Danilovskiy 301, Carmen, Early Pink, Red Baron, Black Prince, Yukont, large-fruited type Ailsa Greig, F1 Exibishen.
The cucumber assortment needs revision. The most popular varieties and hybrids are still F1 Patti, F1 Prestige, F1 Prima Donna, Kustovoy, Libelle, F1 Rodnichok, F1 Zozulya, Graceful, F1 Claudia, F1 Faithful friends, Nezhensky, Competitor, F1 Topolek, Parisian Gherkin, F1 Othello, F1 Anushka, F1 Bedrett, F1 Break. Many of the varieties are outdated and bought out of inertia.
New hybrids have appeared on the seed market, combining resistance to 5-6 types of diseases, genetically not bitter, green (not yellowing), with an excellent shape and consistency, universal use, including salted parthenocarpics, fruiting before frost: bee pollinated mainly by female flowering type - F1 Parker, F1 Ajax, F1 Hector, F1 Capra, etc.; salting parthenocarpics - F1 Crispina, F1 Delpina, F1 Ringo, F1 Profi, F1 Herman, F1 Masha, F1 Bianca, F1 Karina, F1 Miranda, etc. In 2005 varieties and hybrids were introduced into the Register: Abbad, Alekseich, Al Beruni, Jiroft, Caravel, Melodies RZ, Nerl, Opera RZ, Orlik, Palekh, Pasalimo, At my will, Rostov, Ruslan, Taiga, Twiksi, Uglich, Ustyug, Faris, Fenx plus, Fregat, Gypsy, Shchedrik, Janus. Firm "POISK" entered into the State Register and introduced varieties and hybrids Kupecheskiy,Prestolny, Tycoon, Chernomor, Brother Ivanushka, Sister Alyonushka, Pharaoh, Royal, Boyarsky, Noble, etc.
A series of new salting parthenocarpic hybrids of Hardwick, Manul, Partenocarpik firms, as well as hybrids of local selection - Karelsky, Severny, Ladoga, Laplandia deserve special attention. The gardeners will have to take on the work, comparing, to choose empirically what the soul and the cellar are asking for.
Physalis fruits, belonging to nightshade crops, are practically not found in the trade network and in the markets, so the interest in this crop among gardeners is obvious. Along with Physalis Mexican (varieties Confectioner, Korolek), you can purchase seeds of Physalis strawberry (variety Gold Scattering), and in recent years new items have appeared on sale - Physalis Peruvian, Florida, raisin, etc.
Very often, the hostess's eggplant fruits are bought in vegetable stores and markets. And at the same time, many gardeners who permanently live in the country in the summer in rural areas are showing an increasing interest in growing this crop. In demand, the leading varieties and hybrids are Robin Hood, Long Purple, Vikar and others. Recently, new early, mid-early varieties and hybrids of various colors have appeared: purple, glossy F1 Amethyst, F1 Maksik, F1 Bagheera, Czech Early, Alekseevsky, F1 Purple Miracle; violet-white, striped sailor; light purple lilac haze; white - Swan, Snow, Pelican, Ping-Pong, White Night, etc. Choose, experiment!
Sweet pepper is firmly established in the gardens and greenhouses of the North-West up to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. Despite the fact that you can buy peppers all year round, they are actively cultivated. Although preference for varieties is still determined by availability and inertia. Varieties and hybrids are in the lead in demand: Bogatyr, Californian Miracle, Tenderness, Gift of Moldova, F1 Jupiter, F1 Mercury, F1 Elephant. Recently the consumer “buys a picture” more and more (this applies to many cultures), that is, he chooses a variety according to the attractiveness of the package. This is where it is easy to make a mistake, so it is in the peppers - there is such a great variety in shape, size, color, etc.
Therefore, in our opinion, you should pay attention (the rest will make their way) to a series of early hybrids from the city of Kirov: F1 White Night, F1 Freckle, F1 Kind, F1 Zolotinka, F1 Lero, F1 Pilgrim, F1 Flaming, F1 Snegirek, F1 Snowball, and new European hybrids F1 Gemini, F1 Zerto, F1 Isabella, F1 Tenno, F1 Atris, F1 Bianca, F1 Marathos, as well as Arsenal, Goby, Hercules, Zarya, Green miracle, Golden miracle, Red miracle, Orange miracle, Orpheus, Soloist, Elf, Yellow Bell, Purple Bell and others, as well as on the already famous "Dutch" Denis, Mercury, Kerala, Red Bell and others (including the so-called series of professional hybrids). The assortment of bush pepper (Constellation, Miracle of the Moscow Region, Indian Summer, etc.) and spicy (including decorative) - F1 Tonus, Tula, Vizier, Dragon's tongue, etc.
Tomato assortment needs revision. Understanding consumer preferences is difficult. Many traditionally prefer to buy well-known amateur varieties such as Bull Heart, Anna German, Cosmonaut Volkov, etc. Although the already well-known varieties White filling, Max, Yamal, Siberian precocious, Dachnik, Dubok, Verlioka are also the leaders in purchases, and relatively new varieties: Blagovest, Kostroma, Leopold, Master, Energo, Gunin, F1 Andromeda, Raketa, Semko-Sindbad, Liza, Kronos, etc. At the same time, varieties with "sonorous" names are among the most popular due to advertising: Explosion (improved White filling), Gardener's Dream, Sub-Arctic, Yablonka Rossii, etc.
In 2005, varieties and hybrids of Amiko, Anyuta, Arctic, Baron, Bull's forehead, Grandee, Citizen, Dominator, Zolotaya Andromeda, Golden domes, Irina SeDeK, Irishka, Kenigsberg, Classic, Krasa Rossii, Pendant, Lily Marlen, Mamin were introduced into the State Register. -Sibiryak, Mariachi RZ, Marisha, Bear's paw, Blizzard, Cutie, Minor, Unexpected joy, Eagle heart, Eagle's beak, Polbig, Polfast, Prima lux, Ruby cup, Knight, Semko 2003, Siberian surprise, Slavic, Snegman, Talis Townsville, Totoshka, Three Fat Men, Favorite, Fuete, Tsar Bell, Wizard, Shedi Lady, Shuntuk Giant, Em Champion, Emotion. So try to choose! Along with the aforementioned varieties of mainly "normal type" of different growth groups, groups of varieties and hybrids have been created according to the characteristics: large-fruited F1 Russian Size, F1 Bityug, F1 Kirzhach, Leningradsky large-fruited, etc.;carpal F1 Intuition, F1 Samara, etc.; cherry hybrids Sweet Cherry, Businka, Parrot, Festive fireworks, Cherry yellow, red, etc.; balcony Balcony Miracle, Pinocchio, Vershok, Bonsai, etc.; with long-term storage genes Instinct, Adonis, Vladimir, Novogodniy, etc.; pink-fruited Mikado Pink, Rosina, Tsunami, Chio-chio-san, Dobrynya Nikitich, Donna Rosa, Dessert pink, etc.
You can't help it - you have to experiment and choose according to your taste. The only thing that I would like to note is the prevailing trends: gardeners with greenhouses are increasingly preferring indeterminate, semi-determinant, determinant hybrids of ultra-early and early periods of consumption Biathlon, Server, Site, Olya, Anyuta, Khlynovsky, Festive fireworks, etc. The same, those who have only shelter or only covering material, choose ultra- and early varieties and superdeta hybrids Yamal, Inkas, Betta, Alaska, Boni-M, Leopold, La-la-fa, Otradny, etc. Here you should pay special attention to a novelty is the Dutch hybrid Solerosso, which matures (80-90 days) even in the open field.
Among root crops, carrots and beets share the first place in demand. The assortment of carrots has exceeded 50 items - all varieties are presented. The most popular varieties are Vitaminnaya 6, Queen of Autumn, Lange Rote (Without a core), Losinoostrovskaya 13, Nanteskaya 4, Moscow winter A-515, NIIOH-336, Tushon, Forto, Dolyanka, Nanteskaya improved. The American cultivar Imperator, Dutch cultivars and hybrids Nandrin, Jaguar, Vita Longa and others are in demand, although there are many analogues on the seed market. In 2005, Aston RZ, Joba, Karadek RZ, Karotan RZ, News, Fontan were added to the Register, and the POISK firm introduced the Osenny King, Chantenay Royal, Berlikum Royal, Pharaoh, Nantes and others varieties.
The assortment of beets has exceeded 20 items. Traditionally, the leaders in demand are: Cylinder, Bordeaux 237, Red ball, Egyptian flat. At the same time, Pablo, Mulatka are stepping on their heels, and in the last year or two Europeans have made their way to the seed market: Boltardi, Bolivar, Red Cloud, Cornell, Redondo and domestic varieties Tenderness, Russian single-seeded, Bordeaux single-seeded.
The radish assortment contains about 50 items. Despite the variety, varieties are sold as much as possible: 18 days, Heat, French breakfast, Ruby, Zarya, Rose-red with a white tip, Market Queen. There are varieties with a varied root crop shape and color, including yellow-orange varieties Yantar, Zlata, white varieties - Mokhovsky, Virovsky white, White nights, Albina, etc. Of greatest interest are varieties and hybrids of the "all-season" type, which practically not subject to flowering and can be grown even during the white nights (long day): Sora, Duro, Riesenbutter (Oil giant), F1 Superuniversal, Dungansky 12/8, Rondeel, Parat, Askania, etc. Moreover, gardeners who grow products for the market, clearly prefer the Sora variety. A special group is represented by autumn, long-stored radishes of the type of varieties Autumn giant, Red giant.
Of the swede varieties, the undisputed leader is the Krasnoselskaya variety, but there is a novelty - the Dalibor variety. There is a demand for fodder swedes - Kuusiku and Esko varieties.
Among the varieties of table turnip, Petrovskaya 1 is in the lead. Although an order of magnitude less, varieties with a pink color Milanese pink, Early purple, with yellow - Golden ball, with white - White night are in steady demand; turnips: Red with a white tip, Snow Globe, Moscow. The demand for salad turnip kokabu is stable - Geisha, Snegurochka. The POISK firm introduces new varieties of Kometa, Orbita, Luna into the State Register.
But with radishes, due to the presence of different botanical varieties, the population is in complete confusion. Of the European radish, the maximum demand for winter is the Winter round black variety, but the Winter round white variety and the novelty Chernavka are less known. The summer variety is now represented mainly by varieties that are relatively new for the seed market: Ladushka, Sultan, Yantar, Round White, Delikates. The POISK firm introduces new varieties of Cylinder, Nochka, Krasnaya Zimnyaya into the Register.
They are not known at all (although the seeds are already available), but in vain - they provide a valuable product precisely in that season when most summer residents are on their plots.
Chinese radish or forehead is represented by the well-known Margelanskaya variety, the relatively new Elephant Fang variety and completely unknown novelties - the Severyanka and Raspberry Ball varieties.
Japanese radish, or daikon, is represented by the well-known varieties Sasha, Minovase, F1 Ttsukushi Spring Cross, Dubinushka, Bolshoy Byk, etc., as well as novelties: Moscow Bogatyr, Favorite, Emperor, Snow White. Firm "POISK" introduced a new variety Caesar, introduced - Astor. Particular interest in varieties with colored root pulp: blue - Blue Kilds, pink - Misato's pink shine. It remains to be regretted that lettuce turnip, summer European radish, lobah, daikon - these delicious vegetables are still little known to our population.
Among legumes, peas are in the lead. The best selling vegetable variety is Gloriosa. New varieties have appeared: Altai emerald, Vera, Tropar, Fragment, Aria, Arfa, Valentino, Istok, Milani, Oda, Sprinter. The POISK firm introduces the Calypso and Oscar varieties. Of the sugar varieties, the undisputed leaders are the Ambrosia and Ilovetskiy varieties. Their popularity is due to the availability of seed material, although there are good domestic varieties: Zhegalova112, Inexhaustible 195, completely new - Sugar 2. Unfortunately, their seed production has not yet been practically established, therefore there are fakes on the seed market.
The assortment of beans is varied. The sales leaders are Zolotaya Saksa, Saksa without fiber. Among the novelties, the ultra-early asparagus bush varieties Rant and Secunda are of great interest. In 2005, the varieties Bemol, Gerda, Cinderella, Creole, Octava, Pagoda, Protva, Snow Queen were introduced into the State Register. The POISK firm is introducing new varieties of curly beans Melody, Lambada. The undisputed sales leader among sugar beans is Russian Black. Among the new ones in demand are shelling varieties Belorusskie, Virovskie, Sugar - Velena, Three times white, Leader and others. It remains to be regretted that the most valuable protein culture, children's delicacy, is generally weak in demand.
Green and less common crops
And, finally, about lettuce, green, gingerbread and less common plants. Some half a century ago, little Japan consumed the products of hundreds of varieties of 120 botanical plant species, huge China - about 60 species, huge Russia - about 20. Accordingly, the life expectancy of Russians was the shortest. Now the situation is changing. There are varieties, seeds of a large number of green and gingerbread plants. In particular, in addition to dill and parsley, the population of cities is already massively consuming coriander (cilantro), basil (regan), etc.
There is a huge variety of salads and salad plants, including varieties of asparagus salad (Svetlana). Firm "POISK" presented new varieties of lettuce Romaine Paris, Ortolani on the seed market. New Zealand spinach, rocket salad (rocket salad, indau or eruka salad), red dill, leaf radish (grade 10 days), leafy turnip (Sapphire), vegetable perilla (Dewdrop), garden purslane (Paradox), burdock (Samurai) appear, nightshade (Triumphant), rough milotria (Hummingbird), lemon monard (Mona Lisa), salad oil radish (Oriental Express), vegetable rue (Lacemaker), medicinal rosemary, vegetable saraha (Lambada), scorzonera, asparagus, chrysanthemum - vegetable, wild garlic, blackhead burnet (Rhesus), yacon (Yudinka), etc., about which we regularly inform you. And here the POISK firm is in the lead. She introduced new varieties of the following crops into the State Register: anise vegetable Blues, vegetable basil Ararat, witluf Raketa, salad mustard Yadrenaya, oregano Khutoryanka, vegetable snakehead Gorynych, hyssop medicinal Accord, chervil Openwork, vegetable coriander Borodinsky, Taichga, Basilio lettuce Fun, lovage Udalets, marjoram Baikal, chard Emerald, lemon balm Quadrille, vegetable mint Vorozheya, cucumber herb (borage) Gnome, parsnip Culinary specialist, Sandwich parsley, Spicy, Victoria rhubarb, Vitamin salad, Rhapsody, Sonata, thyme vegetable Appetizing, vegetable fennel Soprano, savory garden Picnic, vegetable sage Breeze, Nectar, spinach Krepish, sorrel Malachite, tarragon Monarch. The best part is that the seeds of the listed crops and varieties are already available.anise vegetable Blues, vegetable basil Ararat, witluf Rocket, salad mustard Vigorous, oregano Khutoryanka, snakehead vegetable Gorynych, hyssop medicinal Accord, chervil Openwork, vegetable coriander Borodinsky, Taiga, catnip Basilio, cress-salad Borodinsky Swiss chard Emerald, lemon balm Quadrille, vegetable mint Vorozheya, cucumber herb (borago) Gnome, parsnip Culinary specialist, Sandwich parsley, Spicy, Victoria rhubarb, Vitamin salad, Rhapsody, Sonata, vegetable thyme honey, vegetable fenno caraway, sweet-smelling vegetable Picnic, vegetable sage Breeze, Nectar, Krepish spinach, Malachite sorrel, Monarch tarragon. The best part is that the seeds of the listed crops and varieties are already available.anise vegetable Blues, vegetable basil Ararat, witluf Rocket, salad mustard Vigorous, oregano Khutoryanka, snakehead vegetable Gorynych, hyssop medicinal Accord, chervil Openwork, vegetable coriander Borodinsky, Taiga, catnip Basilio, cress-salad Borodinsky Swiss chard Emerald, lemon balm Quadrille, vegetable mint Vorozheya, cucumber herb (borago) Gnome, parsnip Culinary specialist, Sandwich parsley, Spicy, Victoria rhubarb, Vitamin salad, Rhapsody, Sonata, vegetable thyme honey, vegetable fenno caraway, sweet-smelling vegetable Picnic, vegetable sage Breeze, Nectar, Krepish spinach, Malachite sorrel, Monarch tarragon. The best part is that the seeds of the listed crops and varieties are already available.medicinal hyssop Accord, Chervil Openwork, vegetable coriander Borodinsky, Taiga, catnip Basilio, watercress Zabava, lovage Udalts, marjoram Baikal, Swiss chard Emerald, lemon balm Quadrille, vegetable mint Vorozheya, cucumber herb (parsley) Corkulina Sandwich, Spicy, Victoria rhubarb, Vitamin salad, Rhapsody, Sonata, thyme vegetable Medoc, caraway vegetable Appetizing, vegetable fennel Soprano, savory garden Picnic, vegetable sage Breeze, Nectar, spinach Krepish, sorrel Malachite, tarragon Monarch. The best part is that the seeds of the listed crops and varieties are already available.medicinal hyssop Accord, Chervil Openwork, vegetable coriander Borodinsky, Taiga, catnip Basilio, watercress Zabava, lovage Udalts, marjoram Baikal, Swiss chard Emerald, lemon balm Quadrille, vegetable mint Vorozheya, cucumber herb (parsley) Corkulina Sandwich, Spicy, Victoria rhubarb, Vitamin salad, Rhapsody, Sonata, thyme vegetable Medoc, caraway vegetable Appetizing, vegetable fennel Soprano, savory garden Picnic, vegetable sage Breeze, Nectar, spinach Krepish, sorrel Malachite, tarragon Monarch. The best part is that the seeds of the listed crops and varieties are already available.cucumber grass (borago) Dwarf, parsnip Culinary specialist, Sandwich parsley, Spicy, Victoria rhubarb, Vitamin salad, Rhapsody, Sonata, thyme vegetable Medoc, caraway vegetable Appetizing, vegetable fennel Soprano, savory garden Picnic, sage vegetable B spice sorrel Malachite, tarragon Monarch. The best part is that the seeds of the listed crops and varieties are already available.cucumber grass (borago) Dwarf, parsnip Culinary specialist, Sandwich parsley, Spicy, Victoria rhubarb, Vitamin salad, Rhapsody, Sonata, thyme vegetable Medoc, caraway vegetable Appetizing, vegetable fennel Soprano, savory garden Picnic, sage vegetable B spice sorrel Malachite, tarragon Monarch. The best part is that the seeds of the listed crops and varieties are already available.
It is impossible to cover all cultures in a small overview. We have touched on only the main, in our opinion, news and trends. We practically do not touch ornamental plants at all, the assortment of which is huge, and the importance for summer residents is ever higher. By the way, after the New Year, long-awaited seedlings of peonies, clematis and other ornamental and fruit crops in the range are expected to go on sale.
It remains to wish our gardeners more curiosity and opportunities in order to penetrate more and more deeply into the world of the unknown. Plants will respond to your work with gratitude - a generous and varied harvest.
I wish you success!
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