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Video: How To Breed Worms And Use Biohumus
Worms - creators of vermicompost
At the dawn of mankind, it was like that: farming did not disturb the ecological balance. But our small planet with a limited amount of arable land has over time become unable to feed an increasing population. And man, in order to survive, mercilessly took fertility from the earth, not caring about its restoration.
And only when a person realized that careless behavior would lead to the destruction of the habitat, he began to think about the reasonable management of agriculture and began to listen more attentively and look closely at nature.
How to maintain and increase soil fertility? How does humus form naturally?
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It turned out that a huge role in this process is played by soil microorganisms and the simplest living organisms living there, for example, the well-known earthworms. It is difficult to overestimate their role in structuring and humus soil. It is earthworms that are the primary "processors" of dead organic matter, which they feed on. And "at the exit", decomposition products close to natural humic substances, which are called vermicompost, enter the soil.
What is biohumus?
In addition to all the nutrients necessary for plants, biohumus contains natural enzymes that have a positive effect on the root system of plants, natural growth hormones, a large amount of microflora, biologically active substances that prevent putrefactive processes and disinfect the soil.
It has a pleasant scent of damp earth and does not contain weed seeds. The efficiency of using vermicompost as a fertilizer is much higher than traditional manure and peat (6-8 times). The introduction of biohumus obtained in this way into the soil normalizes natural processes in the soil. This is an environmentally friendly, "live" fertilizer, useful for the earth and harmless for the products obtained from it! No wonder the man decided to put the earthworm at his service.
For the first time in the industrial production of vermicompost, the Californian red worm inhabiting the USA was involved; the entire length). On its basis, a cultural species of an unpretentious and rapidly multiplying worm was bred, which became the subject of wide export.
Of course, in our climate, which is much colder, the cultivation of the Californian worm is possible only indoors, so the main consumers of this biotechnology were greenhouses that prepare soils on the basis of biohumus. However, both a simple gardener and a gardener can enjoy the joy of using vermicompost on their site.
How can you cook vermicompost in your garden?
Tame our worms! With their help, you will get valuable organic fertilizer practically from waste!
When domesticating an earthworm, the first thing to think about is its food. Either manure-based compost or semi-decomposed manure will be feed for him.
You can make compost from just about anything. If there is no manure and peat, prepare composts from the tops of potatoes and vegetables, weeds, chopped straw, mowed around the area of grass, tree leaves, sawdust, turf, forest floor, kitchen waste, but be sure to remember that both red Californian and our dungworms prefer nitrogen-rich foods. Anything that contains at least a little organic matter can be used, right down to the wrapping paper, but the addition of manure is still necessary. Only in this case the worm perfectly utilizes all compost waste and turns them into vermicompost.
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Breeding worms and using biohumus
From spring to autumn, worms process about 1 ton of compost per square meter of the cultivator. As new compost is added, the worms gradually move into the upper 20-centimeter (food) layer, and the lower layers of the compost are the products of processing of their vital activity, thereby the most valuable vermicompost, for which we took up their breeding.
For further reproduction of the domestic population of worms, a new cultivation box must be prepared by autumn, into which the top layer of compost, inhabited by worms, must be transferred. The future plantation must be prepared for winter, insulated or brought into a room with a temperature of at least +3 +4 degrees. What is left in the first box is fully used to increase soil fertility.
Fertilizing soil with vermicompost is the first step towards environmentally friendly farming! Moreover, biohumus is able to restore the most depleted soil.
In fact, almost every gardener is able to create an artificial wormhole on his site, but the complexity of this technological process should be taken into account. Sometimes those who have experienced frustration try to blame the whims of the worms themselves. This is wrong: it is very important to choose the right diet, not to let them burn out in hot dry weather or drown during the rains. I'm not even talking about such lovers of worms as birds and moles. It is the difficulty in obtaining vermicompost that makes it such a valuable product in the literal and figurative sense for both gardeners and gardeners. The worms - the creators of the living earth - gave us an amazing product of their vital activity - vermicompost.