Video: Growing Red Cabbage
It is distinguished by the red-violet coloration of the head of cabbage, which is denser than that of white cabbage. Its blue-violet color, noticeable already with the appearance of cotyledons, is due to the anthocyanin contained in the cell sap. This is a natural litmus.
By the way, sorcerers and shamans knew the property of red cabbage to change the color of leaves and juice, depending on the reaction of the environment (in acidic - pink, in neutral and alkaline - blue), sorcerers and shamans knew and fooled the people.
It is less productive and has a coarser texture, which explains its relatively low use. At the same time, the leaves of this cabbage in the marinade, salads and side dishes have an attractive color. Its dense heads of cabbage are well kept.
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In comparison with white cabbage, red cabbage has a more valuable chemical composition. It contains 9.5% dry matter, 0.5-1,% fiber - half as much as in white cabbage; 3.4-5.4% sugars, 1.4-1.8% protein. Red cabbage is rich in potassium, calcium, phosphorus, trace elements, and enzymes. It contains a lot of vitamin C (39-60 mg%), vitamins B1, B2 (0.05 mg% each), B6 (0.23 mg%), vitamin U and pantothenic acid (0.32 mg%), vitamin PP (0.4 mg%). Phytoncides of red cabbage prevent the development of tubercle bacillus in living organisms. This cabbage contains the anthocyanin pigment, on which the red color of the head and leaves of the rosette depends. The Japanese were the first to discover that it increases the body's resistance to radiation.
It is not inferior in its medicinal qualities to white cabbage, in addition, due to the large amount of bioflavonoids, it has more pronounced properties to reduce vascular permeability. The cyanide contained in red cabbage has the activity of vitamin P1, which is essential for the prevention of vascular diseases. It is used for increased fragility of capillaries, with various bleeding, radiation sickness, poisoning with salts of heavy metals.
By the nature of growth, development and its requirements for growing conditions from white cabbage, it almost does not differ
Red cabbage varieties. Early ripening - Primero F1, mid-ripening - Gako, Stone head, Mikhnevskaya, Voroks, Kalibos, Mars MS, Redma RZ F1, Rubin MS and late ripening - Rodima F1, Fuego F1.
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The soil is prepared in the same way as for white cabbage. In addition to organic fertilizers, 30-40 g of ammonium nitrate or urea, 20-40 g of superphosphate and 20-30 g of potassium chloride are applied per 1 m2 for this crop. Wood ash is a valuable fertilizer for red cabbage. It has been proven by English practice that it contributes to a more intense color of leaves and heads. It is applied during autumn processing or during spring deep loosening in an amount of 150-200 g / m2 or in holes when planting seedlings - 80-100 g / m2 (for each plant 1 tablespoon).
Seedlings of early varieties of red cabbage are grown from mid-March in greenhouses on biological heating, mid-season varieties for summer-autumn consumption - from April 5-10 in cold nurseries or greenhouses, and in more southern regions - in areas protected from cold winds of open ground. Mid-late and late varieties of red cabbage for autumn-winter use are sown simultaneously with medium-late (April 5-15) and late-ripening (April 1-10) varieties of white cabbage.
Seedlings are grown in warm nurseries, solar greenhouses and greenhouses. Obtaining high-quality seedlings is associated with the observance of the correct temperature and humidity regime during its cultivation. Microclimate parameters are maintained and feeding is carried out in the same way as for white cabbage. Hardened high-quality seedlings are planted at the age of 4-5 true leaves. Early maturing varieties are best planted with potted seedlings. Such plants can have 6-7 leaves.
Seedlings are planted at a distance between rows of 60-70 cm, in a row early-maturing varieties - 30-35 cm, medium - 40-50 cm and late varieties - 60 cm.
Care consists of loosening, weeding, watering, hilling and top dressing. In the first feeding, 5-10 g of ammonium nitrate, 10-15 g of superphosphate and 5-7 g of potassium chloride per 1 m2 are added, in the second - 6-10 g of ammonium nitrate, 15-20 g of superphosphate and 7-10 g of potassium chloride. It is advisable to carry out the first feeding in the form of a solution. You can use a diluted 1: 3 slurry or 1:10 mullein. The use of combined fertilizers, such as Kemira, ekofoska, azofoska, is effective in the quantities recommended in accordance with the nutrient content of these preparations.
Early ripening varieties of this cabbage are harvested as the heads ripen, mid-season and late varieties intended for storage are harvested in early October and placed in storage.
Because red cabbage contains less fiber, it is less burdensome for the stomach. It is stored better than white cabbage and is more frost-resistant. Red cabbage is used mainly for making salads, as well as for side dishes, vinaigrette, it can be fermented, pickled, but not boiled.
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