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Video: September Folk Calendar
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 05:47
Forests colored golden blossom
Signs of autumn meet the eye in everything:
There stretches, glistening in the sun, a cobweb, There a stack is visible, and there, over the fence
Rowan trees hung with red brushes.
More often in our people September was called "deciduous", but in Russia he also had other nicknames: "howler" (from the sounds of the winds), "golden flower" (for the cheerful colors of the forest), "frowning" (for heavy rains and a sharp change in weather), "heather" (heather blooms).
Nature has endowed September with a lot of sign-forecasts. Autumn begins on September 1st. But astronomers judge about its beginning only from the day of the equinox (September 22), and phenologists and naturalists recognize exactly the time when the forest puts on a bright multi-colored outfit.
This month, as it were, combines summer and autumn: now it is warm, then it suddenly becomes cool. The signal for the onset of autumn is usually the first frost on the soil, and after 8-10 days - in the air.
People watched the September weather very closely, since many phenomena of this month determine both the behavior of the coming winter and the next spring and the subsequent harvest.
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September 1 - Andrey, Stratilat and Thekla: "Indian summer" begins according to the national calendar. There will be a wind from the north, autumn will be cold, and from the south - warm. On this day, they started harvesting beets, it is not for nothing that the saying has long been formed: "dig beets on Thekla."
A clear sunny day on Thaddeus (September 3) promises the gardener 4 more weeks of good weather.
A cold matinee on Natalia-fescue (September 8) prepares an early and cold winter.
A lot of mountain ash was born on Ryabinnik (September 9) - by the wet autumn and cold winter.
September 11 - Ivan the Lenten (Baptist): "Father Godfather of the Autumn", "He took away the red summer". The bird went to the south to Ivan the Baptist - by early winter. If on Ivan Kupala they collect mainly herbs, then on Ivan Lenten - roots.
On Kupriyan Street (September 13), they start pulling root crops (except for turnips), digging potatoes, and continue harvesting beets and carrots.
Day of Simeon the Stylite (September 14) is considered the first day of "Indian summer", which usually lasts 1-2 weeks. It will turn out to be clear - then "Indian summer" and autumn will be warm, winter will be warm; without rain - autumn will be dry. If on this day the weather is gray, cloudy - autumn is long. By the way, this period was called "Indian summer" because lonely soldier women or sick women did not manage the harvest, and God gave them several sunny days.
Mikhaila (September 19) - daylight hours are shortened by 5 hours and, as a rule, the first Mikhailovsky frosts occur. Aspen leaves fall down with their back side down - for a cold winter, up - for a warm one, if at random - the winter will be mild.
On the day of the autumnal equinox (September 22), the Sun in its annual motion will cross the celestial equator, moving from the northern hemisphere to the southern; around the globe, day will be equal to night. From this date, astronomers believe that autumn will begin in the northern hemisphere, the day will wane, and spring will come in the southern hemisphere.
If on September 8 it was not necessary to deal with mountain ash, then on the day of Peter and Paul (September 23) berries are picked from rowan with tassels and hung under the roof. But just before harvesting, they carefully looked at the mountain ash: bent low - to a warm and wet winter, not inclined - to a cold one. There are a lot of mountain ash in the forest - rainy autumn, few - dry.
On Fedora (September 24), summer ends, autumn begins (they noted: "Not all summer will last until Fedora"). This day is considered the third meeting of autumn.
Since Corniglia (September 26), the root does not grow in the ground, but chills. There is an active harvesting of all root vegetables - potatoes, rutabagas, carrots, horseradish and others (except for turnips).
On Exaltation (September 27), siverko - the summer will be warm. "Exaltation - autumn moves towards winter". But "Vozdvizhenskie zazimki - it doesn't matter for the peasant, the Pokrov-Father will say something." On this day, the birds began to fly away: geese fly high - to high floods, low - to low ones. From the Exaltation, they begin to chop cabbage, it is not for nothing that it was folded - "cabbage is the first lady at the Exaltation," "a good fellow has cabbage at the porch." On the Exaltation of the winter - the peasant does not care. This is the beginning of the skit evenings that last two weeks.
From Nikita-guseprolet (September 28), wild geese fly away for the winter, and in the garden they begin to cut turnips, so Nikita was also nicknamed "reporez". In the villages on this day, they used to watch for domestic geese: they rinse in the water - to the warmth, and draw their legs - to the cold and even to severe frosts, hide their beaks under the wing - by early spring.
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There are other autumn signs:
- Clouds gather towards each other - for good long weather, move quickly in one direction - towards hot, sail against the wind or slowly - towards rain.
- If large cumulus clouds are approaching from the north, expect a bucket, from the west - bad weather.
- Thunder - to a warm autumn.
- In autumn, birch leaves turn yellow from the top - towards early spring, from the bottom - towards late, evenly throughout the crown - the timing of the arrival of spring is medium-term.
- Leaves fall soon - winter will be cold.
- Dry leaves on the trees rustle towards the snow.
- Cones on spruce grow low - to early frosts, high - to cold at the end of winter.
- Until the cherry leaf falls, winter will not come, no matter how much snow falls.
- If the hare slowly changes its skin or the apple tree blooms again - wait for a long autumn.
- Mice make nests from the bottom of the haystack - by dry autumn, and if at the top of the haystack - by a long and rainy autumn.
- The cranes are flying slowly, high - it means that there will be a good autumn.
- Birds fly low - towards cold winters, high - towards warm ones.
- Spiders weave a web, it flies and spreads - to the warmth.
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