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What Conditions Should Be Created For Plants For Harvest
What Conditions Should Be Created For Plants For Harvest

Video: What Conditions Should Be Created For Plants For Harvest

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Do we know plant biology?

Radish growing
Radish growing

In order to master the various techniques of plant agrotechnology, you need to know the basics of their biology. It often happens that some special terms introduce confusion, and then it turns out that science with its designations turns out to be far and incomprehensible for an ordinary gardener.

And this is completely wrong. Here is the most common example: when buying seeds, the buyer is told that radishes are a long-day plant, so in order to get high-quality root crops, one should artificially create a short day for them using the plant shelter.

What does all this mean? Let's try to figure it out.

Here we are talking about the attitude of various plants to light and their requirements for the length of daylight hours. These are two different things.

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In relation to the intensity of light, plants are divided into light-loving: pumpkin, nightshade, legumes, that is, these are the majority of fruit plants, and shade-tolerant plants: most root crops, salad crops, green crops. Here we are talking about the fact that in conditions of sufficient light, the plants will stably grow and bear fruit.

The increased exactingness of all plants to light when growing them by seedlings is explained by the fact that during this period the plants must not only actually grow and increase the leaf apparatus, but also lay growth and fruit buds for the future - an advance of the future harvest.

The length of daylight hours directly affects the formation of reproductive organs, that is, fruits or fruits bearing seeds. There are plants with short daylight hours (up to 12 hours), long days (above 12 hours) and neutral to the length of daylight hours. If the length of the day does not coincide with the requirements of the culture, then the plant begins to build up its vegetative mass (leaves and roots), and its flowering is delayed.

Thus, plants of a short day, and this is the majority of southern plants - tomato, cucumber, pumpkin, squash, potatoes and others - will begin to bloom and bear fruit faster with no more than 12 hours of daylight per day.

For long-day plants include such northern plants as lettuce, radishes, dill, most crucifers, beets and others. A short daylight hours inhibits their entry into fruiting and provokes the growth of vegetative organs.

Thus, by combining our requirements for plant productivity, that is, what exactly we need - fruits, leaves or roots, as well as knowledge about the specifics of their growth, we can more clearly regulate the development and fruiting of garden crops to our advantage.

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