Table of contents:
Video: What Conditions Should Be Created For Plants For Harvest
Do we know plant biology?
In order to master the various techniques of plant agrotechnology, you need to know the basics of their biology. It often happens that some special terms introduce confusion, and then it turns out that science with its designations turns out to be far and incomprehensible for an ordinary gardener.
And this is completely wrong. Here is the most common example: when buying seeds, the buyer is told that radishes are a long-day plant, so in order to get high-quality root crops, one should artificially create a short day for them using the plant shelter.
What does all this mean? Let's try to figure it out.
Here we are talking about the attitude of various plants to light and their requirements for the length of daylight hours. These are two different things.
× Gardener's handbook Plant nurseries Stores of goods for summer cottages Landscape design studios
In relation to the intensity of light, plants are divided into light-loving: pumpkin, nightshade, legumes, that is, these are the majority of fruit plants, and shade-tolerant plants: most root crops, salad crops, green crops. Here we are talking about the fact that in conditions of sufficient light, the plants will stably grow and bear fruit.
The increased exactingness of all plants to light when growing them by seedlings is explained by the fact that during this period the plants must not only actually grow and increase the leaf apparatus, but also lay growth and fruit buds for the future - an advance of the future harvest.
The length of daylight hours directly affects the formation of reproductive organs, that is, fruits or fruits bearing seeds. There are plants with short daylight hours (up to 12 hours), long days (above 12 hours) and neutral to the length of daylight hours. If the length of the day does not coincide with the requirements of the culture, then the plant begins to build up its vegetative mass (leaves and roots), and its flowering is delayed.
Thus, plants of a short day, and this is the majority of southern plants - tomato, cucumber, pumpkin, squash, potatoes and others - will begin to bloom and bear fruit faster with no more than 12 hours of daylight per day.
For long-day plants include such northern plants as lettuce, radishes, dill, most crucifers, beets and others. A short daylight hours inhibits their entry into fruiting and provokes the growth of vegetative organs.
Thus, by combining our requirements for plant productivity, that is, what exactly we need - fruits, leaves or roots, as well as knowledge about the specifics of their growth, we can more clearly regulate the development and fruiting of garden crops to our advantage.
Popular by topic
I had a dream: to create a decorative vegetable garden on my site, on which vegetables, and spicy herbs, and salads and flowers would grow. But my husband did not take this venture seriously, considering it another whim. But this year a miracle happened: my husband gave me a ridge on which watermelons grew last year. I was happy to have the opportunity to realize my project, which had been nurtured for three years. And so I started to implement it. I really wanted this idea to give results
Regular consumption of green crops helps to prevent serious diseases, including cancer. Serious scientific research abroad has proven that beta-carotene, found in carrots, yellow and orange tomatoes and sweet peppers, as well as in green crops, inhibits the development of cancer in 75 % cases
In Russia, this culture has been known for a very long time. Our ancestors appreciated the virtues of radishes as a great snack. And all "snack cultures" are considered to be of domestic origin. And now you can already count hundreds, maybe thousands of scientific dissertations on the topic of sowing radish
About twenty species of this plant are known. Fragrant celery ( Apium graveolens L. ) it got its name from the Latin "gravis" - heavy, sharp, and "olens" - odorous. It is widely cultivated as a valuable vegetable garden
Mulching the soil with organic materials together with microbiological preparations ensures the complete transfer of biological substances into the soil, as well as reducing labor costs. Thanks to this agrotechnical method, you can not only get a large harvest, but easily and quickly enough increase soil fertility and turn depleted land into a blooming garden