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My Favorite Varieties Of Tomatoes, Peppers And Cucumbers
My Favorite Varieties Of Tomatoes, Peppers And Cucumbers

Video: My Favorite Varieties Of Tomatoes, Peppers And Cucumbers

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Video: Homestead Harvest & Tips E-3: Cherry Tomatoes, Peppers, Beets, Cukes, Zukes & Panko Stuffed Peppers! 2023, February
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Varieties and hybrids of tomatoes

growing tomatoes
growing tomatoes

I would like to share with the editors and readers of the magazine everything that happened on my site last year. Usually it is customary to talk about my successes, but I want to share everything - both successes and failures, and discoveries, and disappointments. The past season was very interesting and probably even a turning point in my life.

I could not choose which culture this year showed itself the best, so I decided to simply invite you to my place, telling with the help of photographs about a wonderful period of my life - the summer season of the past year. Participating in the competition a year ago, talking about my work on the site, I noted that my favorite crop is tomatoes.

Therefore, I want to start with them this time too. Many people call our region "the land of evergreen tomatoes". I really hope that my experience will help to debunk this myth.

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I had a very difficult situation with tomatoes last season, even despite their special position, because at the most crucial time - at the time of transplanting them into the greenhouse - I got very sick, and the planting dates were delayed by two weeks. But first things first.

growing tomatoes
growing tomatoes

The seeds of the following tomatoes I sowed last spring: Mazarin - sowing on February 13; Kaspar, Garden pearl, Midas, Sweet bunch, Currency, Siberian early ripening, Persimmon, Black Prince - they were sown on March 24. Seedlings felt great that year, as we drastically reduced their number - in total there were 40 bushes.

In the greenhouse at the end of April, she sowed mustard, after loosening the soil with "Kozma" (this tool will be discussed a little later) and spilling it with Extrasol.

I have a greenhouse - a "Tomato" tunnel with a home-made door and a window, covered with a "Svetlitsa" film - very, well, I just really like this film: it does not tear, stretches without sagging due to its rubber-like structure, water instead of dripping condensate collects on it in the form beads that dry at the first rays of the sun. Well, it is very "warm" - it keeps the temperature better than other films. The ends of the greenhouse are sealed with SUF40 spunbond.

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They decided to plant the Mazarin variety earlier - on May 9, and after that they very much regretted it. Freezing of -100C degrees practically nullified all work on this variety. Even the double additional shelters were not saved. Only one plant has a live stump, from which three stepsons have gone. But that was not the same.

At the very beginning of June, due to illness, I could not plant the rest of the tomatoes; did it only on June 14 - catastrophically late for our area. I make planting holes with an ordinary garden drill, right along the unmown siderata. I mow them only a week after planting tomatoes and mulch the planting with them. I do not do this before because they perfectly shade seedlings and regulate the water balance - they do not allow the soil to dry out and at the same time take away excess moisture.

growing tomatoes
growing tomatoes

Since this year almost all of the seedlings were outgrown, most of the plants had to be planted, although I really do not like this method because of the delay in vegetation. As a result, the whole season she looked after the tomatoes like a brood hen. I fed them a week after a week with fermented manure talker + ash extract and infusion of bread crusts + sour residues of dairy products.

In addition, from the very beginning of the growing season, I sprayed the plants with Extrasol once every two weeks - from phytophthora and other potential diseases. After the first ten days of July, I stopped feeding manure with slurry. I just started adding ash to the bread mash. A couple of times I sprayed it with a solution of the homeopathic preparation "Healthy Garden".

As the mulch cover was "eaten", I added hay slightly touched by wilting. And of course, she cut off the lower leaves in a timely manner (after the formation of the last ovary on the superior brush).

In the third decade of August, all the tomatoes were "finished".

Here are the results, some of which you can also see in the pictures:

Persimmon variety. I really liked this variety. Amazing-tasting tomatoes with firm pulp and high sugar content. I led them in two trunks, but I think it would be more profitable to lead them in one with a tighter fit.

growing tomatoes
growing tomatoes

From the long-suffering Mazarin variety, only one plant has survived. I think that it is worth working with him for at least another year, since last year I was able to assess only the quality of the fruit. They have a very high density, rather large, slightly inferior in sugar to Persimmon, but still tasty. Ideal for a summer salad: Mazarin tomato + Persimmon tomato + a couple of cucumbers from the Usadebka hybrid and one sweet pepper of the Zdorovye variety.

And in this photo my favorites and my pride are Currency tomatoes. Relatively small fruit, very productive and rather early ripening variety. In addition, it is stored much better than the so-called beef tomatoes. I use them as a consumable - for lecho, "Mother-in-law's tongue", "Horseradish", "Hrenoder", adjika, etc. I usually form two or three trunks. This variety belongs to medium-sized tomatoes (semi-determinants).

The fruits of the Black Prince variety are the most delicious large-fruited tomatoes that I have.

Quite late-ripening tomatoes. Formated in 2-3 stems, next year - I will be in one. Indispensable for those who like to eat tomatoes whole, not in a salad. My husband ate them with … pickled cucumbers - in one hand a tomato, in the other - pickled cucumber fresh from a jar - instead of salt. I tried it - really, delicious!

But Kaspar is our "workhorse". Very productive hybrid. Although it belongs to late ripening, most of the fruits managed to ripen on the vine. Very firm flesh - ideal for canning and drying. Perfectly stored. Fresh, I do not really like to eat them, since they have a very dense skin, which, however, is important for canning.

growing tomatoes
growing tomatoes

Another honored inhabitant of the tomato greenhouse is the Garden Pearl tomato. I use its fruits to just feast on, but mostly for small-fruited canning. By the way, this is one of my husband's favorite winter treats, in addition to pickles and sauerkraut.

And, finally, the so-called delicacy - Sweet bunch - my child's favorite "food". That's for sure - it melts in your mouth, not in your hands! As one friend of mine, on whose recommendation I planted this variety, said: "Cherries are resting."

This is probably the whole excursion to my varieties and hybrids. I would like to add that tomatoes, in particular thanks to Extrasol, did not hurt anything. The only thing I regret: how many of them there could have been if I hadn't gotten sick and had planted them two weeks earlier …

Although, maybe then I would have paid less attention to them. We removed the last tomatoes on September 24. It turned out very symbolically - the growing season from March 24 to September 24. Exactly 6 months. I never pull out the tops, but cut them at the level of the soil, leaving the roots to feed the soil living creatures. I burn the tops for ash more out of habit, because there are no diseases.

But to be honest, I don't know if even healthy tops can be put in compost. It’s too specific. After harvesting the tops and winding up the garters, she spilled the soil with Extrasol and sowed oil radish - a very convenient green manure for the off-season. Under the snow, as a rule, it leaves a lush carpet. It is possible and even better to sow winter rape, but, alas, in that season I could not find its seeds.

Pepper varieties and hybrids

The second culture that deserves a place in my heart and on the site is peppers. Sowed that year on February 24, seeds of hybrids and varieties: Red Baron F1, Gourmet F1, Cappuccino F1, Medal, Bogatyr. The seedlings were very good, although the seedlings were uneven.

The greenhouse, or rather the greenhouse, is an old one - I got it from my neighbors, but it still serves faithfully. Every year the main problem is how to heat it up faster … Manure is the best material, in my opinion, but you can't put it, since all the peppers will go to the tops … I tried to make stuffing out of hay - nothing good came of it. As a result, I arranged a cozy nest for mice. That year, at my own peril and risk, I filled the greenhouse with manure, but quite early - in mid-April, and sowed cabbage, asters, etc. on the heated ridges. The result was very good - I grew seedlings of flowers and vegetables, and the excess nitrogen left. Then I planted the peppers there.

growing tomatoes
growing tomatoes

The ridges in my greenhouse are high - 40 cm, but this year I will be doing even higher. In the aisle under the walkway there is a pillow of semi-rotted sawdust. And the extra water goes away if I gape when watering, and extra heating for the greenhouse. The film, of course, is also "Svetlitsa". I plant seedlings without deepening.

After the onset of hot days, the plants must be mulched - for peppers this is especially important, since they do not tolerate the lack of moisture in the upper layer poorly. I slowly cut off the leaves until the fork, and no longer form.

They love food very much! First, I feed them grass-ash mash with the addition of the microbiological preparation BakSib ("Shining 2"), in the second half of the summer I translate it to "bread and milk" - an extract from a bread and milk mash, for the preparation of which there are dried crusts of bread and the remains of yogurt. The ash extract necessarily remains, since the reaction of the bread and milk talker is sour. Periodically I spray it with Extrasol, but I don't really focus on it: peppers don't get sick anyway.

This summer was very hot, so the peppers were just expanse. The main thing is not to forget to water. Peppers of the Bogatyr variety looked wonderful in the second decade of August. We mostly just eat peppers. The husband loves to crunch them right in the greenhouse, and the son does not lag behind him. Everything that we managed to "save" for winter preparations was collected in early September.

I marinated some of the peppers with honey, some went for lecho, and brought the trifle to maturity at home and dried it on the Ladoga infrared dryer. I cut off the fruit bearing plants at the root, spilled the earth with a chatterbox with EM-kami and sowed oil radish. At the end of October, I removed the film from the roof of the greenhouse: I believe that the ground should be under snow in winter, otherwise the soil inhabitants will have an even harder time.

Varieties and hybrids of cucumbers

Naturally, I cannot ignore such a culture as cucumbers. Their agricultural technology, in my opinion, is much simpler than that of peppers or tomatoes. Therefore, I will not dwell on it in detail, but I will only talk about the nuances. My favorite of the garden is not the first year is a hybrid Mansion from "Hardwick". Moreover, if I bought a bag of seeds this year, then I will sow them only next year.

growing tomatoes
growing tomatoes

In early April, even in the snow, I must cover the borage with foil, after a couple of weeks I sow the seeds of the first radish around the edges, and a month later, after removing the radishes, I dig a trench in the center of the greenhouse, into which I put the shovelled manure. In two weeks it manages to warm up, and in early June I start sowing cucumbers. I plant two bushes with pre-grown seedlings and six more with dry seeds.

Thus, in a garden with an area of ​​4 m2, I get 8 cucumber plants, located above the trench with manure. It is very important. In my opinion, such a rare planting of plants is a guarantee of a harvest: a cucumber will never bear fruit well in crowded conditions. Many summer residents, alas, mistakenly believe that the more plants they plant, the higher the yield will be. This is not true. The cucumber loves space. As for the rest, I take care of these plants, like all gardeners - I water them with warm water in the evening, I make them "poultices" several times a week - I cover them with foil immediately after watering.

But you need to do this when the sun is no longer hot, but still warms. I spray, like other crops, Extrasol and Zdorovy Sad and feed them with bread talker. That's practically all. This year, many complained about the low yields of cucumbers, but we distributed them to all neighbors - we collected a ten-liter bucket every other day. And that's from just eight bushes. With such cute little baskets, we went to the neighbors.

Read part 2 How I grow carrots on loam

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