Table of contents:

Potato Varieties Recommended By The Rosselkhoznadzor For The Leningrad Region
Potato Varieties Recommended By The Rosselkhoznadzor For The Leningrad Region

Video: Potato Varieties Recommended By The Rosselkhoznadzor For The Leningrad Region

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: NGO "Gardens of Russia". A parcel. Potato varieties 2023, February
Anonim
growing potatoes
growing potatoes

Now harvesting is underway on six acres in gardening, and on the private plots of villagers, and on large fields of large agricultural firms. Tubers are also harvested on potato plantations. I note right away that one of the main factors in obtaining a high yield of potatoes is the correct selection of the variety.

And that is why it is so important already now, at the end of this season, to determine what potato seed material is needed for the new season, to purchase the necessary varieties and put them in storage.

When evaluating varieties, attention is paid to such economically useful signs as good yield, keeping the tubers during storage, resistance to cancer, late blight, viruses, scab, rhizoctonia. Some varieties are resistant to the golden potato cyst nematode.

Gardener's guide

Plant nurseries Stores of goods for summer cottages Landscape design studios

Early and mid-ripening varieties are most in demand, since the Leningrad Region is limited by the duration of the growing season, and late varieties usually do not have time to mature, and as a result are severely damaged during harvesting and, as a rule, are poorly stored.

In total, 249 varieties of domestic and foreign selection are presented in the State Register of Breeding Achievements approved for use in 2007. Many domestic varieties of potatoes, in comparison with foreign analogues, are more adapted to growing conditions, resistant to diseases, differ in the content of dry matter and starch, which determine the taste of tubers.

When grown in the Leningrad region, the following varieties are recommended:

Early varieties of domestic breeding potatoes:

growing potatoes
growing potatoes

Spring white - bred by the Institute of Genetics and the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture. Table variety. The tubers are light beige. The eyes are small. The pulp is white. The corolla of the flower is red-violet. The yield is 27-38 t / ha. Marketability 85-93%. The mass of marketable tubers is 80-100 g. Starch content is 11-15%. Good taste and keeping quality. Average resistance to viral diseases, alternaria, scab. Susceptible to late blight. Resistant to cancer. Variety value: high return on early marketable products and high storage capacity of tubers.

Spring - bred by the Leningrad strong point of the Institute of General Genetics. Dining purpose. The tubers are light pink. The eyes are of medium depth. The pulp is white. The corolla of the flower is pale reddish purple. Productivity 32-41 t / ha. Marketability 85-95%. The mass of marketable tubers is 100-30 g. Starch content is 10-15%. The taste is satisfactory. The preservation is medium to good. Resistant to cancer. Moderately affected by late blight and common scab, weakly by Alternaria. Responsive to fertilizers, prefers sod-podzolic soils. The value of the variety: early maturity, high yield and marketability.

growing potatoes
growing potatoes

Bullfinch - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and the Institute of General Genetics named after N.I. Vavilov. Table variety. Tubers are pink with small red eyes. The pulp is light yellow. The corolla of the flower is red-violet. Productivity 25-40 t / ha. Marketability 80-92%. The mass of the marketable tuber is 80-100 g. Multi-tuber. Starch content 16-20%. The taste and keeping quality are good. Resistant to cancer. It is relatively resistant to viral diseases, alternaria, late blight in tubers and common scab. Variety value: high yield, starchiness, good taste and crop safety.

Kholmogorsky - developed by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture in conjunction with the Kholmogorsk Experimental Station of Livestock and Plant Breeding. Table variety. The tubers are red. The eyes are medium. The pulp is light yellow. The corolla of the flower is red-violet. Productivity is 20-39 t / ha. Marketability 83-90%. The mass of marketable tubers is 88-118 g. Starch content is 11-15%. The taste and keeping quality are good. Resistant to cancer. Weakly affected by potato nematode. Susceptible to tops and moderately resistant to late blight in tubers. Variety value: early, resistant to potato nematode.

Good luck - removed by VNIIKH. A variety for table use and for cooking crispy potatoes in the autumn. The tubers are light beige. The eyes are small. The pulp is white. The corolla of the flower is white. The yield is 30-50 t / ha, with early digging on the 60th day from planting - 12-15 t / ha. Marketability 96-100%. The mass of a commercial tuber is 120-250 g. Starch content is 12-15%. Medium to good taste. Stored well. Resistant to cancer. Resistant to late blight on tops and tubers, to wet and dry rot, mosaic viruses, scab and rhizoctonia. Susceptible to Alternaria. The value of the variety: high yield and marketability, resistance to a complex of diseases and good preservation of tubers in winter.

Notice board

Kittens for sale Puppies for sale Horses for sale

Medium early potato varieties:

Elizaveta - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and Vsevolozhskaya Breeding Station CJSC. Table variety. The tubers are light beige, round and short-oval. The pulp is white, not darkening. The eyes are small. The corolla of the flower is white. Productivity 29-40 t / ha. Marketability 79-96%. Marketable tuber weight 83-140 g. Starch content 13-18%. Good taste. Keeping quality is medium to good. Resistant to cancer. It is relatively weakly affected by viral diseases and scab. Medium resistant to dry fusarium rot. It is moderately susceptible to late blight, but in the years of epiphytoties, the tops are strongly affected, the tubers weakly. Susceptible to Alternaria. Variety value: high yield, amicable formation of tubers with good taste.

Nevsky - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and ZAO "Vsevolozhskaya Breeding Station". Table variety. Tubers are light beige, oval, short-oval. The eyes are pink, small. The pulp is white. The corolla of the flower is white. Productivity 38-50 t / ha. Marketability 90-95%. Marketable tuber weight 90-130 g. Starch content 10-12%. The taste is satisfactory and good. Keeping quality is good, but early germination of tubers is observed. Resistant to cancer. It is relatively resistant to late blight and viral diseases. Not resistant to scab. Resistant to Rhizoctonia, Alternaria and Blackleg. Sensitive to breakage of sprouts, prone to overgrowth when planted in cold soil. Differs in the rapid regrowth of leaves after eating by the Colorado potato beetle. Variety value: high yield and marketability.

growing potatoes
growing potatoes

Sorcerer - bred by the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture and the Institute of General Genetics named after N.I. Vavilov. Table variety. The tubers are light beige. The eyes are small, unpainted. The pulp is white. The corolla of the flower is white. Productivity 30-35 t / ha. Marketability 90-93%. The mass of marketable tubers is 80-110 g. Starch content is 15-17%. Good taste and keeping quality. Resistant to cancer, late blight and common scab, moderately resistant to viral diseases, drought. Variety value: high marketability, good taste and keeping quality, tolerates drought well.

Ryabinushka - Bred by Vsevolozhskaya Breeding Station CJSC. A promising variety for dining purposes. The tubers are red, oval, the eyes are superficial, the peel is smooth, the flesh of the tuber is white, not darkening when cut. The corolla of the flower is blue-violet, small. Starch content 14-18%. Good taste. Productivity-35-43 t / ha. Marketability-94%. The mass of marketable tuber is 90-120 g. It is resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, relatively resistant to late blight. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 4).

Radonezhsky - withdrawn by Vsevolozhskaya breeding station CJSC. A promising variety for dining purposes. Tubers are oval, creamy with pink spots, small red eyes, sometimes not colored. The pulp of the tuber is creamy, does not darken when cutting. The corolla of the flower is white. Starch content 14-17.6%. The taste is excellent. High-yielding - 35-48 t / ha. Marketability - 95%. The mass of marketable tuber is 100-125 g. The number of tubers under the bush is average - 10-15 pcs. The variety is resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 3).

Mid-season potato varieties:

growing potatoes
growing potatoes

Naiad - bred by the Institute of General Genetics. A variety for table use and for processing into crispy potatoes. The tubers are yellow. The eyes are small. The pulp is white. The corolla of the flower is red-violet. Productivity 20-37 t / ha. Marketability 82-90%. Marketable tuber weight 70-120 g. Starch content 12-16%. Medium to good taste. Good preservation in winter. It is resistant to crayfish and golden potato nematode. Moderately susceptible to tops and resistant to late blight in tubers. Medium resistant to viral diseases, common scab. Variety value: nematode resistance and suitability for processing into crispy potatoes.

Aurora - withdrawn by Vsevolozhskaya Breeding Station CJSC. A promising variety for dining purposes. Tubers are oval, pink, eyes are superficial. The pulp of the tuber is white, not darkening when cut. The corolla of the flower is red-violet. Productivity is high 35-49 t / ha, multi-tuber variety (16-23 pcs. In a bush), marketable tuber weight 80-120 g Marketability-90%. Starch content 13.4-17.1%. Good taste. It is resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, late blight on leaves and tubers. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 1).

Ladozhsky - the Vsevolozhskaya breeding station CJSC was withdrawn. A promising variety for dining purposes. Tubers are short-oval, white. The eyes are small, slightly pink. The pulp of the tuber is white, not darkening when cut. The corolla of the flower is white. Productivity is high 38-46 t / ha. Marketability-96%. The mass of the commercial tuber is 130 g. The starch content is 15-17%. The taste is excellent. Resistant to crayfish, golden potato nematode. Late blight resistance is high. Variety value: high marketability, good taste, resistance to golden potato nematode (Fig. 2).

Potato varieties of foreign selection, recommended for our region

Early

Timo Hankkiyan (Finland). Table variety. Productivity 15-38 t / ha. The tubers are oval-rounded, the skin is yellow, the flesh is light yellow, the eyes are small, the mass of the marketable tuber is 65-120 g. The corolla of the flower is bluish-violet. Marketability 70-90%, keeping quality 96%, starch content 13-14%, good taste. Resistant to cancer, relatively resistant to rhizoctonia, common scab. Medium resistant to late blight, viruses. Variety value: early production, good taste, yield formation before the mass spread of late blight.

Fresco (Germany). A variety of universal use. Productivity 20-45 t / ha. Tubers are round-oval, yellow peel, light yellow flesh, small eyes, marketable tuber weight 100-130 g. Plant of medium height, white flowers. Marketability 88-99%, keeping quality 78-93%. Resistant to cancer, potato golden nematode, moderately resistant to viruses, rhizoctoniae, common scab, susceptible to phyto-fluorosis in leaves, relatively resistant to it in tubers. Variety value: early production, nematode resistance, suitability for processing.

Felox (Netherlands). A variety for universal use. Plant of medium height, white flowers. Round-oval tubers, yellow skin, light yellow flesh, small eyes, marketable tuber weight 90-115 g. Productivity 20-45 t / ha. Marketability 98%. Keeping quality good, starch content 16-17%, excellent taste. The variety is resistant to cancer, potato golden nematode, relatively resistant to viruses, rhizoctonia, common scab, moderately resistant to late blight. Variety value: early maturity, high productivity and marketability, excellent taste, nematode resistance.

Rikeya (Germany). Very tasty potato, has a pleasant rich taste that remains until spring. The tuber is round-oval, the skin is yellow, the flesh is yellow, the eyes are shallow. The average yield is 26-34 t / ha. The average tuber weight is 90-170 g. The number of tubers in a bush is 9-15. The shelf life is excellent. The taste is excellent. Starch content 13%. Resistant to cancer, potato nematode, relatively resistant to viral diseases, phyto-fluorosis, moderately susceptible to common scab. Variety value: early maturity, high productivity and marketability, excellent taste, nematode resistance.

Medium early potato varieties:

Sante (Netherlands). A variety for universal use. The plant is tall, from erect to semi-erect, flowers are white. Tubers are oval, large, yellow peel, light yellow flesh, small eyes. Productivity is high, marketability, keeping quality and taste are good. The variety is resistant to cancer, potato golden nematode, late blight, viruses, moderately resistant to common scab. Susceptible to rhizoctonia. Variety value: high yield, nematode resistance, resistance to late blight and viruses, suitability for processing into French fries.

Romano (Netherlands). Table variety. The plant is erect, tall, the flowers are red-violet. The tubers are short-oval, the skin is pink, the flesh is light cream, the eyes are of medium depth, the weight of the marketable tuber is 70-80 g. The yield is 11-34 t / ha. Marketability 90-94%, keeping quality good, starch content 10-13%, good taste. Resistant to cancer, relatively resistant to mosaic viruses, moderately resistant to late blight, rhizoctonia, leaf-rolling virus, susceptible to common scab. Variety value: good uniformity of tubers, good taste.

Red Star (Netherlands). The variety is suitable for making chips, French fries. The tuber is oval, the peel is red, smooth, the flesh is yellow. The bush is of medium height, erect, the corolla of the flower is red-purple. The maximum yield is 24 t / ha. The average tuber weight is 65-86 g. The shelf life is good, the taste is good, the starch content is 11-15.8%. Resistant to potato cancer, potato golden nematode, viral diseases, scab. Susceptible to late blight. Variety value: suitable for making chips, French fries. Resistant to potato golden nematode, viral diseases.

Mid-season potato varieties:

Rosamund (Sweden). A variety for table use, for processing, as well as for baking whole in the oven. The tuber is large, the color of the peel is red, the color of the pulp is light yellow, the shape is elongated-oval, the eyes are small. The bush is of medium height, the flowers are red-violet. The yield is 26-35 t / ha, the average tuber weight is 90-140 g, the keeping quality during storage and taste are good, the starch content is 15-17%. Resistant to potato cancer, moderately resistant to common scab, to viral diseases. Medium resistant to late blight in leaves and highly resistant to tubers. Variety value: suitable for multipurpose use as table potatoes, for processing, as well as for baking whole in the oven.

Skarb (Belarus). A variety for table use, salad type. Productivity up to 65 t / ha, starch content 13-17%. Tubers are yellow, round-oval, oval with superficial eyes. The pulp is yellow. Resistant to potato cancer, potato golden nematode, bacterial and viral diseases. Suitable for the production of dried and crispy potatoes. Long dormant period of tubers. A unique variety, very valuable in quality, has a record yield, marketability and keeping quality.

Lugovskoy (Ukraine). Table variety. The plant is erect, of medium height, the flowers are white. The tubers are oval, the peel is light pink, the flesh is white. The tubers are oval, the peel is light pink, the flesh is white, the eyes are small, the mass of the marketable tuber is 85-125 g. The yield is high (maximum - 51 t / ha), the marketability is high, the keeping quality is good, the starch content is 12-19%, the taste is good. Resistant to cancer, relatively resistant to late blight, common scab. Variety value: stable yield, high marketability, good taste, resistance to late blight.

Medium late potato varieties:

Asterix (Netherlands). Suitable as table potatoes, as well as for processing into chips. The tuber is oval. The color of the peel is red, the color of the pulp is light yellow, the depth of the eyes is average. The bush is upright, high. Productivity 21-25 t / ha. The average tuber weight is 63-109 g. Storage stability is good, taste is good, starch content is 14.4-16.6%. Marketability 71-91%. Resistant to potato cancer, potato golden nematode, viral diseases, late blight of tubers. Variety value: suitable for processing into chips, resistant to potato golden nematode.

In the Leningrad Region, potato seed crops in 2006 occupied an area of ​​1906.5 hectares, of which by varieties: Nevsky 912.8 hectares (48%); Elizaveta - 487 hectares (25.5%); Lugovskoy - 167.2 hectares (9%); Sorcerer - 50 hectares (2.6%); Bullfinch - 33.4 ha (1.8%); Naiad - 29 ha (1.5%); other varieties - 11.6%.

Popular by topic