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Video: How To Choose A Pepper Variety Or Hybrid That Suits You
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 20:34
How not to get lost in a sea of peppers
It's winter, and the amateur gardeners are already absorbed in the worries of the upcoming season. The acquisition of seeds alone is a whole problem. Life was much easier in the past with only a few varieties of each crop.
Then I didn't have to choose much. For example, the assortment of pepper seeds for many decades did not please us at all with a variety of varieties. Californian miracle, Gift of Moldova and Tenderness - this is, perhaps, the whole list of pepper seeds in the 70s - 80s.
And today try to choose the varieties and hybrids that suit you, because dozens of spectacular sachets flaunt on the shelves. And all are depicted unearthly fruits in all their splendor. But in practice, most often everything turns out to be wrong, and the fruits do not grow like that, and they do not please with abundance. But, perhaps, the point is not that seed companies want to deceive gardeners, but simply that you made the wrong choice and were unable to create the conditions for your pepper that this variety or hybrid needs. And therefore, like the seeds of all other plants, you need to choose pepper wisely, based on your needs and capabilities.
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There can be a lot of selection principles. The main thing is not to be afraid of hybrids (they are marked F1), which in the overwhelming majority have absolutely non-Russian names. They are really very productive, resistant to growing conditions, are less affected by diseases, begin to bear fruit early and produce fruits of excellent quality. Unlike varieties, their fruits are tastier and have thicker walls (at least 6-8 mm, and sometimes even 10 mm). And this means that the harvest you received will be an order of magnitude higher than when planting ordinary varieties, extremely picky, for example, in the conditions of our Ural climate and giving thin-walled fruits. And the colors of the fruits of modern hybrids simply amaze with their magnificence - milky white, green-red, green-yellow, purple and orange with many intermediate shades!
How to choose pepper seeds
For lovers of fabulous diversity and exoticism
If you are attracted by everything new and unusual and you really want to surprise your family and neighbors with extraordinary fruits, then a wide scope of activity opens up before you. Today, there are innumerable varieties and hybrids of pepper on the shelves of a wide variety of colors, shapes and other features.
Snowfall F1. For those who have tried French-style coffee saturated with cream, it will not be difficult to imagine the delicate creamy white color of the Snowfall hybrid. If you do not allow these fruits to enter the time of biological ripeness and color with a scarlet blush, they will retain their exquisite milky pallor and will look great in jars with mixed vegetables. This hybrid, unsurpassed in yield and market efficiency, belongs to the category of early maturing and begins to bear fruit 110-120 days after sowing.
Snowball F1. This early hybrid, up to 1 m high, will be a place in any pepper collection - strewn with multi-colored fruits, it is amazingly beautiful and effective. Its fruits are tricolor, weighing up to 300 g, at first white, then quickly turn yellow, and then turn bright red. Moreover, the fruits of all three flowers hang on the bush at the same time, and due to the large number of fruits, the leaves are practically invisible.
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Yaroslav. These flat, with an average fruit weight of 85 g, and at the same time thick-walled bright yellow peppers will look very impressive both on a plate and canned whole in ordinary jars. In addition, they have excellent taste, both fresh and processed. Medium early variety, from germination to fruiting 125 days.
Caramel. The tastiest of all sweet peppers will appeal to even the most fastidious butterscotch lovers. From one of its colors, saliva begins to flow: ripe fruits seem to be doused with thick chocolate brown caramel. Throw in the appetizing glossiness of the plump barrels, and it becomes clear that such a pepper will not sit on the dinner table for long. You can grow caramel peppers both in the garden and in the greenhouse, and for those gardeners who want to enjoy its beauty without being distracted by details, we recommend placing it in a separate container. A compact bush of the miracle pepper will delight you with fruits in 100-110 days, and the harvest will be very plentiful.
Garden Ring road. Thick-walled (wall thickness up to 8 mm) dark red peppers of the new Garden Ring variety are indispensable in dietary and preventive nutrition, because their pulp contains only monosugar: glucose and fructose. Medium early variety - from germination to technical ripeness 100-105 days. Bushes are low, reach a height of 45-55 cm, standard shape.
Lilac tiger cub. After such dizzying sweets, it's time to try something spicy. For example, the newest hot pepper variety is Lilac Tiger Cub. Like a real tiger cub, this pepper "bites" a little, which is very useful for you when preparing savory dishes. However, more than the taste, the original appearance of the plant itself is striking, completely unlike ordinary peppers. It is a sprawling openwork bush with variegated leaves, the color of which harmoniously combines white, green and lilac colors. And the look is complemented by numerous purple peppers - for true connoisseurs of halftones and exquisite color nuances.
Lilac fog F1. Lilac fruits are not the only thing that distinguishes the Lilac Tiger Cub. Beautiful bright lilac fruits and a new medium-early hybrid (115-125 days from germination to the beginning of fruiting) Lilac fog. Moreover, interestingly, the color of its fruits in technical ripeness is bright lilac, while when ripe they turn red. The fruits are tasty, with a very pleasant aroma. The plant itself is medium-sized and medium-leafy. Fruits weighing 90-100 g, truncated-pyramidal shape, fruit wall thickness 5-7 mm.
Casablanca F1. The super early hybrid Casablanca will supply you with a sweet pepper crop in 95 days. And the sight of these large cuboid fruits will not make you doubt that there is a real elite in front of you. Creamy-yellow, like the Baltic sun, with powerful 7-8 mm walls, these fruits reach a weight of 150-200 g. One such pepper is enough to feed a family with a delicious salad.
Red Skin F1. You've probably already heard about the decorative dwarf pepper. But no one has yet heard of sweet dwarf peppers. And now such a unique variety exists, and it is called Red Skin. Red Skin is specially designed for growing in small volumes of soil and will look great in a pot. However, you can grow it both simply in the garden and in a small greenhouse. A tiny bush with a height of only 30 cm at the time of ripening practically hides under the weight of large red prismatic fruits, the length of which reaches 13 cm. And it bears fruit already 90-95 days after sowing.
Window wonder F1. In the company of the red-skinned Red Skin, another potted variety asks - Window Miracle. Its fruit has a stunningly vibrant orange color. Large, original-shaped peppers hanging from a small bush about 40 cm high resemble burning lanterns. Taste them - juicy pulp and aroma are in no way inferior to the favorites of open ground. Although ideal for pots and containers, it can also be grown in the garden.
Confetti. Have you ever seen a New Year's garland, the bright colors of which smoothly flow from one to another? The spectacle, I must say, is enchanting. Can you imagine that the same picture is observed on a bush of sweet pepper on your window? Its fruits smoothly change color from emerald to yellow, and then pass through the entire palette of orange shades. Moreover, the fruits ripen unevenly, allowing you to simultaneously contemplate all the variety of this funny confetti.
Candy F1. The new early-ripening hybrid Yummy (85-95 days from germination to technical ripeness, 115-125 days - to biological) has the same "candy" sweet taste. It has really very sweet ornamental fruits with thick flesh. Fruits are spherical, small, weighing 40-50 g, very sweet, wall thickness 6-7 mm. Fruit color in technical ripeness is yellowish-green, in biological ripeness - red. They can be grown both in film greenhouses and as a pot culture.
Firefly F1. The fruits of the new medium-early hybrid Firefly are very attractive and are never green (the period from germination to the beginning of fruiting is 120-130 days). The fruits of this hybrid are very attractive and are never green - in technical ripeness they are bright yellow, in biological ripeness they are yellow-orange. The surface of the fruit is smooth and shiny. The taste is very high. Fruits weighing about 100 g, truncated-pyramidal shape and fruit wall thickness 5-6 mm.
Chanterelle F1. Very beautiful orange fruits in the new early-ripening hybrid Chanterelle (100-105 days from germination to technical ripeness, 130-135 days - to biological). Plants are short, compact. They can be grown both in greenhouses and on the windowsill.
Maxim F1. The color of the fruits of the new mid-ripening (the technical ripeness of the fruits occurs 120-125 days after the emergence of shoots) of the Maxim hybrid is interesting. Its fruits are drooping, conical, 9-10 cm long, at first they are purple in color, and then dark red. The fruit tastes excellent, in addition, they are high in beta-carotene.
Filippok F1. Small (50-60 g), dark red, but at the same time juicy, tender and fragrant, its fruits seem to have been specially created for whole-fruit canning. The plants are medium-sized and slightly leafy, and the fruits here and there flicker on them like New Year's lanterns. The hybrid is very early maturing and can be grown both in greenhouses and in container culture.
Characteristics of varieties and hybrids of pepper, a detailed review ( more than 100 varieties and hybrids ). Recommendations for planting seeds and growing pepper seedlings from a professional
It is better to start with a single rose in order to get acquainted with its character and learn how to care for it. And only after 2-3 years, when you understand that the rose is your plant, you can plant it even the whole garden. The main thing is that you have enough time to take care of her, and it will take a lot
The basic requirements for the variety are determined by climatic conditions, soil structure, very early ripening of berries, and the ability to lay inflorescences at sufficiently low temperatures during the growing season
Pear is one of the most popular horticultural crops, perhaps the second after the apple tree. Its best varieties are highly valued for their taste, originality of aromas and attractive appearance. "What kind of fruit - it tastes good and looks like a light bulb ?!" - says the children's riddle. And this is not at all accidental: pear is a favorite delicacy of children
In a pear, not all set fruits reach removable maturity - of which 95 % fall off. There are many reasons for this: deficiencies in the structure of the flower, abnormal conditions of pollination and fertilization ( strong wind, drought or rainy weather during the flowering period ), damage by pests and diseases, lack of nutrition