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Promising Potato Varieties
Promising Potato Varieties

Video: Promising Potato Varieties

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Video: All About Potato Varieties 2023, February
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Potatoes of the XXI century

potato varieties
potato varieties

On January 30, 2007, I was lucky enough to visit the Palace of Culture. CM. Kirov at a meeting with the famous potato breeder N.M. Hajiyev. He and his wife V.A. Lebedeva, a breeder in the second generation, in the most difficult years for the Russian agricultural science, created a breeding company "Liga" and were actively engaged and continue to develop new varieties of potatoes, striking everyone with their efficiency and some special flair in breeding.

Since I have long been engaged in the cultivation of many varieties of potatoes created by these scientists, and some of them I tested on my site even before they were included in the State Register, now I want to tell the readers about them, taking into account what I heard at the meeting and my personal experience. I believe that the promising high-yield potato varieties of these scientists are varieties of the 21st century. And now I want to introduce them to the readers of the magazine.

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Spring. Zoned since 1978. Ultra-early variety, yield up to 500 c / ha. The average tuber weight is 80-140 g, 9-15 tubers ripen on the bush. The variety has a high marketability even when harvested early. Tubers contain 12-16% starch. Keeping quality is good. Resistant to cancer, highly resistant to macrosporiosis, moderately resistant to viral diseases and relatively resistant to late blight in tubers. Tubers are pink, oval, with small raspberry eyes. The bush of this variety is of medium height, erect, lodging when ripe, the leaves are large, light green, strongly dissected. Flowering is short, lilac flowers. Mainly suitable for use as fresh early potatoes.

Spring is white. Zoned since 1994. The difference from the Vesna variety is only in the color of the tubers.

potato varieties
potato varieties

Bullfinch. Zoned since 2001. An early ripening variety. Its yield is up to 628 kg / ha. The average number of tubers on a bush is 11-15 pieces. Marketability 90%. The taste is excellent, boiled potatoes are semi-crumbly. Starch content in tubers is up to 20%. Keeping quality is good. Resistant to cancer, highly resistant to macrosporiosis. Medium resistant to common scab and viral diseases. It is quite resistant to late blight in tubers. Tubers are pink, round-short-oval (very beautiful). The eyes are small, pink. The pulp is white. The bush is upright, of medium height. Flowering is short-lived, lilac flowers with white tips.

In the 2006 season, in my vegetable-potato crop rotation, I grew the Bullfinch variety. By layering, I got a yield of 13 kg / m. For comparison: my correspondence friend V.R. Gorelov from the Kemerovo region received a yield of 14 kg / m from potatoes of an unknown variety. This event was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records in 1989.

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potato varieties
potato varieties

Lark. Average yield up to 400 c / ha, marketability 93-95%. The number of tubers on a bush is 8-12 pcs. Tubers are white, short-oval, slightly flattened. The eyes are small, white. The pulp is slightly creamy. Tubers are friable during cooking, very tasty. The starch content in tubers is 17-21%. The lark is resistant to common scab and viral diseases. Weakly resistant to macrosporiosis, relatively resistant to late blight. The bush is upright, of medium height. Flowering is quite long, lilac flowers. According to my observations, the variety has excellent keeping quality during long-term storage.

League. Since 2005, it has been undergoing the Gossort test. Early. Universal. High-yielding. Starch 16-29%. The taste is excellent. Resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, relatively resistant to late blight, common scab, viral diseases. The tubers are white oval (very beautiful), the eyes are very small, the flesh is slightly creamy. The keeping quality of tubers is good. Suitable for chips.

potato varieties
potato varieties

Wizard.Zoned since 2000. A medium early variety, white tubers weighing 80-120 g, contain 18-22% starch and have an excellent taste. When cooking, semi-crumbly. The pulp is white. Marketability 92-95%. It is not afraid of breaking off the sprouts, there is no "kidding" of tubers. Keeping quality is good. Resistant to cancer, moderately resistant to macrosporiosis, common scab. Highly resistant to late blight. As the breeders said, even in 1998, when a cool and damp summer created the most favorable conditions for the development of late blight, and the aerial part of almost half of the varieties - and in the collection of the Liga breeding company there are more than 100 of them, both domestic and foreign varieties, - completely blackened and completely died out due to the defeat of late blight, the Sorcerer remained completely green.Only a few spots on the lower leaves indicated that it was very weakly affected by this disease. And there were no infected tubers at all, while in some varieties the loss of tubers from late blight reached 51%.

In 1997, by contrast, the summer was very dry and hot. Potatoes suffered from a lack of moisture - the tops of many varieties constantly lost their turgor, and then turned yellow and dried ahead of time. But not with the Wizard! Its root system is so powerful that even in drought conditions it allows plants of this variety to remain green and vigorous.

Large tubers of the Wizard do not have voids inside. It blooms profusely and has large white flowers with a pleasant scent. At one time, I, growing the Sorcerer variety, awarded him the title "All-Weather".

potato varieties
potato varieties

Story.Zoned since 2004. The variety has a medium-early ripening period. Its average yield is about 400 c / ha. The marketability of tubers is 85-88%. The taste is very good. The starch content in tubers is 14-17%. The variety is resistant to cancer. Medium resistant to macrosporiosis, common scab and viral diseases. It has a very high degree of resistance to late blight. A distinctive feature of the Skazka variety is its multi-tuberity - it can produce up to 30 or more tubers per plant. The size of these tubers and thus the yield is highly dependent on the growing conditions. The variety prefers light loamy and sandy loam soils, developed peatlands. Doesn't like excessive moisture. Under favorable conditions, it can give a high yield even when grown from small tubers. For example, in the farm "Natalino"in the Luga region in 1988, when planting 20 kg of fine-fraction tubers (20-30 g), a potato crop of 800 kg was obtained. Tubers at the Fairy Tale are round-oval, white, with pink spots of various shapes around the eyes. The eyes are small. The pulp is white. The bush is upright, of medium height. The flowers are pale lilac with white tips.

potato varieties
potato varieties

Inspiration. Zoned since 2006. Medium early. Dining room. High-yielding - gives up to 500-600 centners / ha. The starch content in tubers is 14-19%. The taste is very good. The pulp is white, dense, does not darken when cut. The variety is resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, resistance to late blight is above average, relatively resistant to common scab. Weakly resistant to rhizoctonia, viral diseases. The tubers are white, long. The eyes are very small. Keeping potatoes good.

Scarlet sail. Medium early grade. Universal, high-yielding - 400-500 c / ha. High starchy - 18.5-23.3%. The taste is excellent, boiled, these potatoes are semi-crumbly. The pulp is creamy. The variety is resistant to cancer, golden nematode, late blight. Relatively resistant to common scab, viral diseases. Tubers are intense pink (very beautiful), oval, eyes are small. Their keeping quality is good. Suitable for mashing. Since 2007, he has been preparing for transfer to the State Variety Testing.

Danae. Medium early versatile variety. High-yielding - 400-500 c / ha. The starch content in tubers is 15-18%. The taste is excellent. The pulp is slightly creamy. The variety is resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, relatively resistant to late blight, common scab, viral diseases. Tubers are short-oval, slightly flattened, white. The eyes are very small. The keeping quality of the crop is good. The variety is suitable for making chips. Preparing for transfer to the State Variety Testing.

potato varieties
potato varieties

Shaman. In terms of ripening, this variety occupies an intermediate position between mid-early and mid-season varieties. It is multi-tuberous - gives 25-30 tubers per plant. The tubers are oblong-oval, with a bright purple rind. The eyes are small, purple. The pulp is white. The starch content in tubers is 14-17%. The taste is good. It is relatively resistant to common scab, viral diseases and late blight. The yield of the variety reaches 400 c / ha. The bush is upright, of medium height. Stems are medium-branched with a spotted anthocyanin coloration. The flowers are pale blue with white tips. I was not presented to the State Variety Test. Probably, breeders prefer to recommend it only to gardeners and gardeners.

In 1998, I propagated the Shaman variety by layering. From one large tuber, as a result, I received 227 neat, equal-sized seed nodules with a total weight of 10.2 kg. The mass of tubers would be greater if it were not for late blight. On August 22, I had to cut the tops, and the Shaman was not yet ripe.

potato varieties
potato varieties

Naiad. Zoned since 2004. Mid-season variety for universal use. It has excellent taste, boiled tubers are crumbly, with white flesh. The starch content in tubers in some years reaches 25%. Productivity 350-470 c / ha. The variety is resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, relatively resistant to late blight, common scab, viral diseases. The keeping quality of tubers is good. Tubers are oval, white, eyes are small. The variety is suitable for making chips and for mashed potatoes.

For a long time, my wife loved the Dutch Agria variety known throughout Europe for its excellent culinary qualities. And for five years now, she has certainly been interested in me in the spring - have I forgotten to plant Naiad potatoes.

potato varieties
potato varieties

Peter's riddle. Zoned since 2005. Mid-season variety for table use. High-yielding - up to 450-550 c / ha. Good taste. The starch content in tubers is 14-19%. The variety is resistant to cancer, highly resistant to late blight, rhizoctonia, relatively resistant to common scab, viral diseases, macrosporiosis. The keeping quality of the tubers is good, they are oval in shape (very beautiful), pink, the eyes are small, red.

Charm. Mid-season variety. Universal. High-yielding - 400-500 c / ha. The starch content in tubers is 17-21%. The taste is excellent, boiled, these potatoes are semi-crumbly. The flesh is slightly yellow, does not darken when cut. The variety is resistant to cancer, golden potato nematode, relatively resistant to late blight, viral diseases, common scab. The tubers are yellow (very beautiful), round-oval, the eyes are very small. The pulp is creamy, does not darken when cut. The keeping quality of tubers is good. They are suitable for making mashed potatoes and also for chips. Since 2006 the variety has been undergoing state tests.

Purple Haze. The variety is mid-season. Dining room. High-yielding - 400-600 c / ha. The taste is excellent. The starch content in tubers is 14-17.5%. Resistant to cancer, late blight. Relatively resistant to common scab, to viral diseases. Tubers are intense pink (very beautiful), short-oval, eyes are small and medium. The pulp is slightly creamy. The keeping quality of tubers is good. The variety is being prepared for transfer to the State Variety Testing.

May flower. Mid-season variety. Universal. Yielding, multi-tuberous. The starch content in tubers is 14-17.5%. The taste is excellent, boiled tubers are semi-crumbly. The pulp is white. The variety is resistant to cancer, late blight, viral diseases, relatively resistant to common scab, rhizoctonia. The tubers are bright pink (very beautiful), oval, with small eyes. Keeping quality is good. Suitable for making chips and purees. The variety is being prepared for transfer to the State Variety Testing.

potato varieties
potato varieties

Russian beauty. Mid-season variety for table use. High-yielding - 400-500 c / ha. The starch content in tubers is 14-17%. The taste is very good. The pulp is white. The variety is resistant to cancer, relatively resistant to late blight, viral diseases, rhizoctonia, common scab.

Tubers are bright pink (very beautiful), oval, flattened. The eyes are small and medium. The variety is being prepared for transfer to the State Variety Testing.

I wish all gardeners and summer residents good harvests of potatoes and other crops!

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