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Growing Large-fruited Varieties Of Tomatoes
Growing Large-fruited Varieties Of Tomatoes

Video: Growing Large-fruited Varieties Of Tomatoes

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Video: Top 3 Cherry Tomatoes You NEED to Grow! 2023, February

Tomatoes ripen on the vine

large-fruited tomatoes
large-fruited tomatoes

For many years now, my brother and I have been picking ripe or brownish, extremely large, fleshy and unusually tasty tomatoes straight from tomato bushes.

For example, you take in your hands the firstborn of the Bull Heart variety, which resembles a red-pink glass with ribs-edges on the sides, weighty, like a naked one. Three of these "hearts" pull on a kilogram, or even more, and what kind of pulp they have - thick, scarlet, sugary, pleasant to the taste.

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Early beef heart variety - the most fruitful of all "hearts". The Tsar Bell also admires, it has fruits of a different shape, but the taste is excellent. But the Midas tomato is a bright orange color, but with an amazing yield, its one and a half kilogram brushes cannot withstand the plants themselves, you have to tie up, strengthen.

In our family there is an attachment to the "heroes" who reach a height of three meters. I will not argue that they are the very best and only such should be bred. Now, thanks to the tireless efforts of domestic and foreign breeders, the tomato range has many hundreds of red-fruited varieties and hybrids that regularly give a bountiful harvest of excellent quality.

The varieties for protected ground are in high demand on the market: Brilliant, Boyarsky, Admiralty, America, Scarlet Sails, Anyuta, Argentine miracle, Ivanhoe, Stork, Bull's forehead (up to 1 kg), Ox heart red, Ox heart red, Bloodort (super-yielding), Vitador (up to 1 bucket for 1 collection from a bush), Hungarian square (very tasty), Volgogradets (hard and stored for a very long time).

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Good for growing "flow" varieties that tie their fruits through the leaf, usually they have large brushes - Volovye Oko, Vladimir, Red Pear, Gulliver, Lady's Finger, Egyptian Giant, Giant, Moscow Yielding, Red Handsome, King of Giants, Large bunch (1 brush weighs up to 3 kg), Leningrad large-fruited, Siberian giant, Sugar giant, Northern crown (up to 1.5 kg), Tsar-tomato (up to 1 bucket per 1 collection from a bush), Monomakh's hat (up to 1.2 kg), Japanese truffle (brush up to 2 kg).

In short, our gardeners have a lot to choose from. This season, a charming novelty - Pepper Yellow - will be experienced by my brother and I in our greenhouse. We have been preparing for the new season since the outgoing summer. As soon as we remove the cucumbers from the neighboring greenhouse, we immediately begin to cook it for tomatoes, but the tomato greenhouse, according to the fruit change, will be occupied by my favorite varieties and hybrids of unusual cucumbers.

Preparing greenhouse beds for tomatoes is not difficult. Sprinkle with Igor in a bucket, or even under two buckets of ripe compost per square meter, dig it up. In the spring we dig it again, but a little deeper. Closer to autumn frosts, we prepare the soil mixture: we mix ripe crumbly compost with garden soil and store until spring.

The main thing is to grow high-quality seedlings, there will be good, strong, early seedlings - and the tomatoes will grow good. And here I want to make one important explanation. Tall varieties of tomatoes require 130-150 days from planting to ripening of fruits, but where to get them, even under a film? It is clear that the more these days we have for the seedlings that we grow indoors, the sooner the tomatoes will bloom later, the more amicably the ovary and fruits will form in the greenhouse. Here is our calculation: up to 100 days - more than half of the life - it spends seedlings indoors and on the veranda of a garden house.

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Imagine how much we lengthen the favorable growing season, bring the ripening of the long-awaited fruits closer! The first tomatoes ripen in early July, and after a decade or two we collect them in buckets. By the end of August, when it starts to get colder and the destructive late blight rages, the desired harvest has already been harvested. In recent years, our tomatoes have not turned black either on the branches or on the windowsill.

Thanks, I will emphasize especially, the winter haste and early healthy seedlings. We grow seedlings in juice and milk bags. A lot of these packages are required - two for each sprout. A double bag for one seedling is a very effective innovation that helps plants to fully develop up to flowering, form a powerful root system, and tolerate transplantation painlessly.

So, already at the beginning of February, we bring the soil mixture into the room, warm it up well. We prepare the packages in advance. So that the water does not stagnate and there is better air exchange, we cut off the ends of the corners at the bags, then insert one bag by about a third into the other, cut the inner one in the corners to the upper edge of the outer one, fold the cut walls up and secure with an elastic band.

Then we fill it with earth mixed with biogel (it reduces the volume and frequency of watering and holds all the fertilizing), and water it with a hot, weak solution of potassium permanganate. The next day, we put two seeds in each bag to a depth of one and a half to two centimeters. After the emergence of shoots, we leave one sprout, the strongest, and pinch the second one and put it in a glass of water - after a while it will have roots, and it can be transplanted into the ground.

The bags, delivered in light plastic boxes, are first kept warm in the bathroom. When shoots appear, we place them on the windowsills, closer to the light. In the twilight, and in the evening with the approach of darkness and until 20-22 hours, turn on the backlight. There is nothing special about it - ordinary 60-70 W light bulbs. We place them above the seedlings, but not very close, otherwise their delicate leaves may burn.

large-fruited tomatoes
large-fruited tomatoes

Then everything is as usual. As the soil dries up - watering, when required - light feeding with Baikal M, a pinch of furnace ash is also useful. When the plants grow up and they have 4 real leaves, we lower the inner bag by another third and pour earth into it to the top. As the plant develops, fill the bag with soil mixture to the very top.

By the beginning of planting in a permanent place, the seedlings reach 40-50 cm in height, it is bushy, with flowers and numerous leaves.

And now the most alarming and exciting moment - we are experiencing it every spring - planting seedlings under the film. I can't wait to move the weary bushes to their permanent habitat. Carefully tear apart the inner bags and, together with the mother soil, immerse them in the prepared holes, water abundantly. Soon the plants begin to turn green, bush, and develop intensively. We spend a couple of additional fertilizing with complex fertilizers during the season and prepare for harvesting. And it can be so abundant that only have time to harvest the fruits, and each variety is more beautiful than the other!

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